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Screen Printable Semiconductor Grade Inks for N and P type Doping of Polysilicon

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Aditi Chandra
Affiliation:
ThinFilm Electronics, San Jose, CA, 95134 United States.
Mao Takashima
Affiliation:
ThinFilm Electronics, San Jose, CA, 95134 United States.
Martha Montague
Affiliation:
ThinFilm Electronics, San Jose, CA, 95134 United States.
Joey Li
Affiliation:
ThinFilm Electronics, San Jose, CA, 95134 United States.
Arvind Kamath
Affiliation:
ThinFilm Electronics, San Jose, CA, 95134 United States.
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Abstract

This article describes the electrical and physical properties of polysilicon doped with novel N+ and P+ screen printed inks using a thermally activated process. Unique ink formulations for N and P type doping of silicon are evaluated in volume production in order to enable a low cost, high throughput process. Inks can be used with multiple substrate types and form factors. The concentrated doping source combined with thermal drive in and activation results in degenerately doped layers of polysilicon. Inks are semiconductor grade which is demonstrated by their use in fabricating high mobility, low leakage Thin Film Transistor (TFT) devices on 300 mm stainless steel substrates. Reproducible sheet resistance values (700 A polysilicon) can be engineered from levels typically ranging from 200 - 2000 ohm/sq. The additive approach substitutes the use of high capital cost ion implantation and lithography processes. The ink formulation results in screen printed widths capable of ranging from 100-300 um. As both N and P type layers can be printed adjacent to each other, it is critical to prevent cross doping using surface preparation techniques. Post doping cleaning of surfaces can be achieved in-situ or by plasma removal depending on process integration and product considerations. Reproducibility and uniformity data to demonstrate manufacturability in a production environment is shown. In summary, a simple, low cost, high throughput additive process based on proprietary inks that can be used in multiple product flows (CMOS TFT, Solar etc.) is demonstrated.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2016 

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References

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