Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-pjpqr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-20T03:56:44.239Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Direct Observation of Reverse Magnetic Domain and Magnetic Domain Wall Motion in Nd-Fe-B Magnet at High Temperature by Lorentz Microscop

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 January 2016

Toshimasa Suzuki*
Affiliation:
Materials Research and Development Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center (JFCC), Nagoya, 456-8587, Japan.
Koichi Kawahara
Affiliation:
Materials Research and Development Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center (JFCC), Nagoya, 456-8587, Japan.
Masaya Suzuki
Affiliation:
Materials Research and Development Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center (JFCC), Nagoya, 456-8587, Japan.
Kenta Takagi
Affiliation:
Inorganic Functional Materials Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Nagoya, 463-8560, Japan.
Kimihiro Ozaki
Affiliation:
Inorganic Functional Materials Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Nagoya, 463-8560, Japan.
*
Get access

Abstract

We conducted the in-situ observations of the magnetic domain structure change in Nd-Fe-B magnets at high temperature by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) / Lorentz microscopy with applying an external magnetic field. Prior to observation, a thin foil was magnetized by an external magnetic field of 2.0 T to almost saturation, then the magnetic domain structures were observed by the Fresnel mode with in-situ heating. At 225°C, reverse magnetic domains were found to generate in the thin foil sample without applying an external magnetic field. When we applied a magnetic field on the same direction to the pre-magnetization direction at 225°C, one magnetic domain wall was pinned by a grain boundary and the other magnetic domain wall moved. As the results, the reverse magnetic domain shrank then annihilated. When we cut the applied magnetic field, the reverse magnetic domain generated at almost the same location. On the other hand, when we applied a magnetic field to the foils in the opposite direction, the reverse domain started to grow, i.e., magnetic domain walls started to move. The observation results of the shrink or growth of the reverse domain showed that the pinning effect of grain boundary against domain wall motion would be different depending on the applied magnetic field direction. Moreover, domain walls was observed to be pinned by grain boundaries at elevated temperature, so that the coercivity of Nd-Fe-B magnet would occur by pinning mechanism.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2016 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Ramesh, R., Thomas, G., and Ma, B. M., J. Appl. Phys. 64, 6417 (1988).Google Scholar
Sepehri-Amin, H., Ohkubo, T., Nishiuchi, T., Hirosawa, S., and Hono, K., Scr.Mater. 63, 1124 (2010).Google Scholar
Akiya, T., Liu, J., Sepehri-Amin, H., Ohkubo, T., Hioki, K., Hattori, A., Hono, K., J. Appl. Phys. 115, 17A766 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hono, K., Sepehri-Amin, H., Scr.Mater. 67, 530 (2012).Google Scholar
Park, H. S., Park, Y.-G., Gao, Y., Shondo, D. and Inoue, M., J. Appl. Phys. 97, 033908 (2005).Google Scholar
Li, W.F., Ohkubo, T., Hono, K., Nishiuchi, T., and Hirosawa, S., J. Appl. Phys. 105, 07A706 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Takagi, K., Akada, M., Soda, R., Ozaki, K., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 393, 461 (2015).Google Scholar
Suzuki, T., Kawahara, K., Tanaka, H. and Ozaki, K. in State-of-the-Art Developments in Materials Characterization, edited by Barabash, R., Benning, L.G., Genc, A., Kim, Y., Lereu, A., Li, D., Lienert, U., Liss, K.D., Ohnuma, M., Ovchinnikova, O., Passian, A., Rimer, J.D., Tetard, L., Thundat, T., Zenobi, R. and Zorba, V., (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1754, 2015) opl. 2015. 585.Google Scholar
Li, W. F., Ohkubo, T., Hono, K., Niniushi, T., and Hirosawa, S., Appl, Phys. Lett. 93, 052505 (2008).Google Scholar
Matsuura, Y., Kitai, N., Ishii, R., Natsumeda, T., Hoshijima, J., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 336, 88 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matsuura, Y., Ishii, R., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 346, 113 (2013).Google Scholar