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  • Anna Bull


I am taking the opportunity created by the recent introduction of a section entitled ‘Contexts and Debates’ to put forward some considerations regarding Bevilacqua's contribution on the southern question, which appeared in the last number of this journal. By doing so, I hope to promote a stimulating debate on the South of Italy today and on the way forward for reversing the current process of de-industrialization in the region and the widening gap between the South and the rest of the country. Ideally, the debate should encourage different points of view and interpretations without reopening old wounds or leading to entrenched positions.



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1 Bevilacqua, Piero, ‘New and Old in the Southern Question’, Modern Italy, 1, 2, Autumn 1996, pp. 8192.

2 Ibid., p. 87.

3 Bonelli, Franco, ‘Il capitalismo italiano. Linee generali di interpretazione’, in Storia d'Italia, Annali, 1, Dal feudalismo al capitalismo , Einaudi, Turin, 1978.

4 These are too numerous to list. Among them are: Bagnasco, Arnaldo, Tre Italie La problematica territoriale dello sviluppo italiano, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1977; Trigilia, Carlo, Grandi partiti e piccole imprese. Comunisti e democristiani nelle regioni a economia diffusa, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1986; Becattini, Giacomo (ed.), Mercato e forze locali: il distretto industriale, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1987; Nanetti, Raffaella, Growth and Territorial policies: The Italian Model of Social Capitalism, Pinter, London and New York, 1988; Lanaro, Silvio, ‘Il Veneto: Genealogia di un modello’, in Storia d'Italia. Le Regioni dall'Unità a oggi. Il Veneto, Einaudi, Turin, 1984; Bull, Anna and Corner, Paul, From Peasant to Entrepreneur. The Survival of the Family Economy in Italy, Berg, Oxford, 1993.

5 See especially Jadeluca, Paola, ‘L'industria riemerge a Mezzogiorno’, La Repubblica Affari e Finanza, 10 June 1996, pp. 23; Carli, Stefano, ‘Mezzogiorno, una grande impresa per piccole aziende’, and Meldolesi, Luca, ‘Lo sviluppo e la “croce” del Sud’, both in La Repubblica Affari e Finanza, 24 June 1996, pp. 8–9; other articles appeared in La Repubblica Affari e Finanza, 18 and 28 October and 4 November 1996.

6 Bagnasco, Arnaldo, La costruzione sociale del mercato. Studi sullo sviluppo della piccola impresa in Italia, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1988.

7 Ibid., p. 181.

8 Bevilacqua, , ‘Old and New’, p. 91.

9 Davis, John A., ‘Changing Perspectives on Italy's “Southern Problem’”, in Levy, Carl (ed.), Italian Regionalism. History, Identity and Politics, Berg, Oxford and Washington, 1996.

10 Lonardi, Giorgio, ‘Lecce per il lavoro patto tra 470 aziende. Partecipano anche enti e sindacati’, La Repubblica, 26 November 1996, p. 30.

11 Lupoli, Angelo, ‘Una “mediobanca” per le minigalassie del Sud Est’, La Repubblica Affari e Finanza, 24 June 1996, p. 8.

12 Bevilacqua, , ‘Old and New’, p. 90.

13 Davis, , ‘Changing Perspectives’, pp. 61–2.

14 Underhill, Geoffrey R. D., 'Conceptualizing the Changing Global Order, in Stubbs, Richard and Underhill, Geoffrey R.D. (eds), Political Economy and the Changing Global Order, Macmillan, Basingstoke and London, 1994, p. 36.

15 Cox, Robert W., ‘Global Restructuring: Making Sense of the Changing International Political Economy’, in Stubbs, and Underhill, , Political Economy and the Changing Global Order, p. 49.

16 Held, David, Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance, Polity Press, Oxford, 1995, p. 133.


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