Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

In situ remediation of arsenic-rich mine tailings using slag zero valence iron

  • Tingting Yue (a1) (a2), Shu Chen (a2) and Jing Liu (a1)

Abstract

Arsenopyrite (FeAsS) and realgar (As4S4) are two common arsenic minerals that often cause serious environmental issues. Centralised treatment of arsenic-containing tailings can reduce land occupation and save management costs. The current work examined the remediation schemes of tailings from Hunan Province, China, where by different tailings containing arsenopyrite and realgar were blended with exogenous slag zero valence iron (ZVI). Introducing Fe-oxidising bacteria (Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) recreates a biologically oxidative environment. All bioleaching experiments were done over three stages, each for 7 days and the solid phase of all tests was characterised by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and selective extraction analyses. The results showed that the mixture group reduced arsenic release by 72.9–74.7% compared with the control group. The addition of 0.2 g ZVI clearly decreased arsenic release, and the addition of 4.0 g ZVI led to the lowest arsenic release among all tests. The decrease of arsenic released from the tailings was due to the adsorption and uptake of arsenic by secondary iron-containing minerals and Fe–As(V) secondary mineralisation. The addition of large amounts of ZVI reduced the arsenic detected in the amorphous Fe precipitates. Therefore, a low cost and integrated strategy to reduce arsenic release from tailings is to mix two typical tailings and apply exogenous slag ZVI, which can apply to the in situ remediation of two kinds or more arsenic-containing tailings.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Jing Liu, Email: Liujing-vip@163.com

Footnotes

Hide All

Associate Editor: Runliang Zhu

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Bao, Z. (1991) A discussion on gold potential of pyrite and arsenopyrite in gold-bearing deposit, Hunan Province (in Chinese). Mineral Resources & Geology, 5, 368374.
Baragaño, D., Alonso, J., Gallego, J., Lobo, M. and Gil-Díaz, M. (2020) Zero valent iron and goethite nanoparticles as new promising remediation techniques for As-polluted soils. Chemosphere, 238, 124624.
Bertocchi, A.F., Ghiani, M., Peretti, R. and Zucca, A. (2006) Red mud and fly ash for remediation of mine sites contaminated with As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 134, 112119.
Bluteau, M.C. and Demopoulos, G.P. (2007) The incongruent dissolution of scorodite — solubility, kinetics and mechanism. Hydrometallurgy, 87, 163177.
Bowell, R., Alpers, C., Jamieson, H., Nordstrom, K. and Majzlan, J. (2014) Arsenic: Environmental Geochemistry, Mineralogy, and Microbiology. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG, Berlin.
Carlson, L., Bigham, J.M., Schwertmann, U., Kyek, A. and Wagner, F. (2002) Scavenging of As from acid mine drainage by schwertmannite and ferrihydrite: A comparison with synthetic analogues. Environmental Science & Technology, 36, 17121719.
Chang-Li, M.O., Feng-Chang, W.U., Zhi-You, F.U., Zhu, J. and Ran, L. (2013) Antimony, arsenic and mercury pollution in agricultural soil of antimony mine area in Xikuangshan, Hunan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 33, 344350.
Chowdhury, T.R., Mandal, B.K., Samanta, G., Basu, G.K., Chowdhury, P.P., Chanda, C.R., Karan, N.K., Lodh, D., Dhar, R.K. and Das, D. (1997) Arsenic in groundwater in six districts of West Bengal, India: The biggest arsenic calamity in the world: The status report up to August, 1995. Pp. 93111 in: Arsenic (Abernathy, C.O., Calderon, R.L. and Chappell, W.R., editors). Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Corkhill, C.L. and Vaughan, D.J. (2009) Arsenopyrite oxidation – a review. Applied Geochemistry, 24, 23422361.10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.09.008
Deng Sha Gu Guohua Xu Baoke Li Lijuan Wu and Bichao. (2018) Surface characterization of arsenopyrite during chemical and biological oxidation. Science of the Total Environment, 626, 349356.10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.099
Dermatas, D., Moon, D.H., Menounou, N. and Xiaoguang Meng, R.H. (2004) An evaluation of arsenic release from monolithic solids using a modified semi-dynamic leaching test. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 116, 2538.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.04.023
Drahota, P., Mihaljevič, M., Grygar, T., Rohovec, J. and Pertold, Z. (2011) Seasonal variations of Zn, Cu, As and Mo in arsenic-rich stream at the Mokrsko gold deposit, Czech Republic. Environmental Earth Sciences, 62, 429441.
Fan, L., Zhao, F., Liu, J. and Frost, R.L. (2018a) The As behavior of natural arsenical-containing colloidal ferric oxyhydroxide reacted with sulfate reducing bacteria. Chemical Engineering Journal, 332, 183191.
Fan, L., Zhao, F., Liu, J. and Hudson-Edwards, K.A. (2018b) Dissolution of realgar by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in the presence and absence of zerovalent iron: Implications for remediation of iron-deficient realgar tailings. Chemosphere, 209, 381391.
Gil-Díaz, M., Rodríguez-Valdés, E., Alonso, J., Baragaño, D., Gallego, J.R. and Lobo, M.C. (2019) Nanoremediation and long-term monitoring of brownfield soil highly polluted with As and Hg. Science of The Total Environment, 675, 165175.
Goldberg, S. and Johnston, C.T. (2001) Mechanisms of arsenic adsorption on amorphous oxides evaluated using macroscopic measurements, vibrational spectroscopy, and surface complexation modeling. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 234, 204216.
Goossens, D., Buck, B.J., Teng, Y. and Mclaurin, B.T. (2015) Surface and airborne arsenic concentrations in a recreational site near Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. PLOS One, 10, e0124271.
Gruyter, W.D. (2014) Arsenic: Environmental geochemistry, mineralogy, and microbiology. BMJ, 1, 740742.
He, H., Cao, J. and Duan, N. (2019) Defects and their behaviors in mineral dissolution under water environment: A review. Science of the Total Environment, 651, 22082217.
Henao, D.M.O. and Godoy, M.A.M. (2010) Jarosite pseudomorph formation from arsenopyrite oxidation using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. Hydrometallurgy, 104, 162168.
Henke, K. (2009) Arsenic: Environmental Chemistry, Health Threats and Waste Treatment. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.
Hudson-Edwards, K.A. (2016) Tackling mine wastes. Science, 352, 288290.
Hui, Z., Ma, D. and Hu, X. (2002) Arsenic pollution in groundwater from Hetao Area, China. Environmental Geology, 41, 638643.
Kim, K.R., Lee, B.-T. and Kim, K.-W. (2012) Arsenic stabilization in mine tailings using nano-sized magnetite and zero valent iron with the enhancement of mobility by surface coating. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 113, 124129.
Ladeira, A.C. and Ciminelli, V.S. (2004) Adsorption and desorption of arsenic on an oxisol and its constituents. Water Research, 38, 20872094.
Langmuir, D., Mahoney, J. and Rowson, J. (2006) Solubility products of amorphous ferric arsenate and crystalline scorodite (FeAsO4⋅2H2O) and their application to arsenic behavior in buried mine tailings. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70, 29422956.
Lengke, M.F. and Tempel, R.N. (2003) Natural realgar and amorphous AsS oxidation kinetics. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67, 859871.
Lingmei, W., Chaoyang, W., Linsheng, Y. (2009) Using rice as bio-indicator for heavy metal contamination, a study in the Pb–Zn mining and smelting area at Shuikoushan, Hunan Province, China. Asian Journal of Ecotoxicology, 4, 373381 [in Chinese].
Liu, F., Zhang, W., Tao, L., Hao, B. and Zhang, J. (2019) Simultaneously photocatalytic redox and removal of chromium(VI) and arsenic(III) by hydrothermal carbon-sphere@nano-Fe3O4. Environmental Science: Nano, 6, 937947.
Liu, J., Cheng, H., Zhao, F., Dong, F. and Frost, R.L. (2013) Effect of reactive bed mineralogy on arsenic retention and permeability of synthetic arsenic-containing acid mine drainage. Journal of Colloid & Interface Science, 394, 530538.
Liu, J., Deng, S., Zhao, F., Cheng, H. and Frost, R.L. (2014) Spectroscopic characterization and solubility investigation on the effects of As(V) on mineral structure tooeleite (Fe₆(AsO₃)₂SO₄(OH)₂⋅H₂O). Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectrosccopy, 134C, 428433.
Liu, J., He, L., Chen, S., Dong, F. and Frost, R.L. (2016) Characterization of the dissolution of tooeleite under Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans relevant to mineral trap for arsenic removal. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57, 1510815114.
Liu, J., He, L., Dong, F. and Frost, R.L. (2017a) Infrared and Raman spectroscopic characterizations on new Fe sulphoarsenate hilarionite (Fe2((III))(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)⋅6H2O): Implications for arsenic mineralogy in supergene environment of mine area. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectrosccopy, 170, 913.
Liu, J., Zhou, L., Dong, F. and Hudson-Edwards, K.A. (2017b) Enhancing As(V) adsorption and passivation using biologically formed nano-sized FeS coatings on limestone: Implications for acid mine drainage treatment and neutralization. Chemosphere, 168, 529538.
Liu, Y.J., Gan, Y.Q., Wang, Y.X., Ma, T. and Li, J.L. (2010) An experimental study on removing arsenic from water using iron slag. Environmental Science & Technology, 33, 166170 [in Chinese].
Lockwood, C.L., Mortimer, R.J.G., Stewart, D.I., Mayes, W.M., Peacock, C.L., Polya, D.A., Lythgoe, P.R., Lehoux, A.P., Gruiz, K. and Burke, I.T. (2014) Mobilisation of arsenic from bauxite residue (red mud) affected soils: Effect of pH and redox conditions. Applied Geochemistry, 51, 268277.
Loehr, T.M. and Plane, R.A. (1968) Raman spectra and structures of arsenious acid and arsenites in aqueous solution. Inorganic Chemistry, 7, 17081714.
Lottermoser, B. (2007) Mine Wastes (second edition): Characterization, Treatment, Environmental Impacts. Springer, Berline, 304 pp.
Mohapatra, M., Sahoo, S.K., Anand, S. and Das, R.P. (2006) Removal of As(V) by Cu(II)-, Ni(II)-, or Co(II)-doped goethite samples. Journal of Colloid & Interface Science, 298, 612.
Nesbitt, H.W. and Muir, I.J. (1998) Oxidation states and speciation of secondary products on pyrite and arsenopyrite reacted with mine waste waters and air. Mineralogy & Petrology, 62, 123144.
Ouyang, B., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Zhu, T., Zhu, X., Lu, J. and Wang, R. (2014) Reduction of jarosite by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and secondary mineralization. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 124, 5471.
Pu, W. (1950) The geology of Sn-As ore in Anyuan area of Bing country, Hunan Province, China. Geological Review, 6, 176 [in Chinese].
Qiao, J.T., Liu, T.X., Wang, X.Q., Li, F.B., Lv, Y.H., Cui, J.H., Zeng, X.D., Yuan, Y.Z. and Liu, C.P. (2017) Simultaneous alleviation of cadmium and arsenic accumulation in rice by applying zero-valent iron and biochar to contaminated paddy soils. Chemosphere, 195, 260271.
Rodríguez-Lado, L., Sun, G., Berg, M., Zhang, Q., Xue, H., Zheng, Q. and Johnson, C.A. (2013) Groundwater arsenic contamination throughout China. Science, 341, 866868.
Schwertmann, U. and Cornell, R.M. (1993) Iron oxides in laboratory. Soil Science, 156, 281282.
Shelobolina, E.S., Avakyan, Z.A. and Karavaiko, G.I. (1999) Transformation of Iron-Containing Minerals in Kaolin During Growth of a Mixed Bacterial Culture Derived from Kaolin. Springer, Berlin.
Shrestha, R.R., Shrestha, M.P., Upadhyay, N.P., Pradhan, R., Khadka, R., Maskey, A., Maharjan, M., Tuladhar, S., Dahal, B.M. and Shrestha, K. (2003) Groundwater arsenic contamination, its health impact and mitigation program in Nepal. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 38, 185200.
Silverman, M.P. and Lundgren, D.G. (1959) Studies on the chemoautotrophic iron bacterium Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans: I. An improved medium and a harvesting procedure for securing high cell yields. Journal of Bacteriology, 77, 642647.
Singer, P.C. and Stumm, W. (1970) Acidic mine drainage: The rate-determining step. Science, 167, 1121.
Šlejkovec, Z., Elteren, J.T.v., Glass, H.-J., Jeran, Z. and Jaćimović, R. (2010) Speciation analysis to unravel the soil-to-plant transfer in highly arsenic-contaminated areas in Cornwall (UK). International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 90, 784796.
Smedley, P.L and Kinniburgh and, D.G. (2002) A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Applied Geochemistry, 17, 517568.
Su, H., Fang, Z., Tsang, P.E., Fang, J. and Zhao, D. (2016) Stabilisation of nanoscale zero-valent iron with biochar for enhanced transport and in-situ remediation of hexavalent chromium in soil. Environmental Pollution, 214, 94100.
Tang, J., Liao, Y., Yang, Z., Chai, L. and Yang, W. (2016) Characterization of arsenic serious-contaminated soils from Shimen realgar mine area, the Asian largest realgar deposit in China. Journal of Soils & Sediments, 16, 15191528.
Teixeira, M.C. and Ciminelli, V.S. (2005) Development of a biosorbent for arsenite: Structural modeling based on X-ray spectroscopy. Environmental Science & Technology, 39, 895900.
Tossell, J.A. (1997) Theoretical studies on arsenic oxide and hydroxide species in minerals and in aqueous solution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61, 16131623.
Vítková, M., Puschenreiter, M. and Komárek, M. (2018) Effect of nano zero-valent iron application on As, Cd, Pb, and Zn availability in the rhizosphere of metal(loid) contaminated soils. Chemosphere, 200, 217226.
Van Den Berghe, M.D., Jamieson, H.E. and Palmer, M.J. (2018) Arsenic mobility and characterization in lakes impacted by gold ore roasting, Yellowknife, NWT, Canada. Environmental Pollution, 234, 630641.
Wang, Y. and Reardon, E.J. (2001) A siderite/limestone reactor to remove arsenic and cadmium from wastewaters. Applied Geochemistry, 16, 12411249.
Wang, Z., He, H., Yan, Y. and Wu, C. (1999) Arsenic exposure of residents in areas near Shimen arsenic mine. Journal of Hygiene Research, 28, 1214.
Xiang, B.Z., Jiang, W.R. and Min, B.J. (2000) Typomorphic characteristics of arsenopyrite in precambrian gold deposit, Hunan. Gold Geology, 6, 3945.
Zhu, X., Wang, R., Lu, X., Liu, H., Li, J., Ouyang, B. and Lu, J. and Xiancai, . (2015) Secondary minerals of weathered orpiment-realgar-bearing tailings in Shimen Carbonate-Type Realgar Mine, Changde, central China. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109, 115.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Yue et al. supplementary material
Figures S1-S5

 Word (829 KB)
829 KB

In situ remediation of arsenic-rich mine tailings using slag zero valence iron

  • Tingting Yue (a1) (a2), Shu Chen (a2) and Jing Liu (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.