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The importance of cation–cation repulsion in the zircon–reidite phase transition and radiation-damaged zircon

  • Makoto Tokuda (a1) (a2), Akira Yoshiasa (a1) (a2), Hiroshi Kojitani (a3), Saki Hashimoto (a3), Seiichiro Uehara (a4), Tsutomu Mashimo (a1), Tsubasa Tobase (a2) and Masaki Akaogi (a3)...

Abstract

Single crystals of synthetic reidite and natural radiation-damaged zircon from Okueyama, Japan were investigated using X-ray diffraction. The pressure-induced zircon–reidite transition is described by the twisting and translations of SiO4 tetrahedra with disappearance of the SiO4–ZrO8 shared edges. The lattice of radiation-damaged zircons expands mainly from α-decays of radioactive elements such as U and Th. Although old radiation-damaged zircons show anomolous lattice distortion, young radiation-damaged zircons do not show such distortions. These distortions are caused by thermal recovery that suppresses the Si4+–Zr4+ repulsion between the SiO4 tetrahedron and ZrO8 dodecahedron. These changes in structure can be understood by considering the cation–cation repulsion between the SiO4–ZrO8 shared edges.

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*Author for correspondence: Makoto Tokuda, Email: tokuda@imr.tohoku.ac.jp

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Associate Editor: Michael Rumsey

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References

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