Akagi, H., Malm, O., Kinjo, Y., Harada, M., Branches, F.J.P., Pfeiffer, W.C. and Kato, H. (1995) Methylmercury pollution in the Amazon, Brazil. Science of the Total Environment, 175, 85–95.
Arnold, H.L., Odam, R.B. and James, W.D. (1990) Disease of the skin: Clinical Dermatology, 8thedition. Saunders W.B. Company, Philadelphia, USA.
Boischio, A.A.P and Cernichiari, E. (1998) Longitudinal hair mercury concentration in riverside mothers along the Upper Madeira River (Brazil). Environmental Research Section A, 11, 79–83.
Bolivian Agricultural Waters Standard (1995) Water Polluting Materials. Regulation for the Environmental Law, Regulation no. 24176, Bolivia.
Chatterjee, A., Das, D., Mandal, B.K., Chowdhury, T.R., Samanta, G. and Chakraborti, D. (1995) Arsenic in groundwater in six districts of West Bengal, India: the biggest arsenic calamity in the world. Part 1: arsenic species in drinking water and urine of affected people. Analyst, 120, 643–650.
Cleveland, W.S. (1979) Robust locally weighted regression and smoothing scatterplots. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 74, 829–836.
Cohen, A.C. (1959) Simplified estimators for the normal distribution when samples are singly censored or truncated. Technometrics, 1, 217–237.
Cohen, A.C. (1961) Tables for maximum likelihood estimates: singly truncated and singly censored samples. Technometrics, 3, 535–541.
Crecelius, E.A. (1977) Changes in the chemical specification of arsenic following ingestion by man. Environmental Health Perspectives, 19, 147–150.
Cunningham, C.C., McNamee, J., Vasquez, J.P. and Ericksen, G.E. (1991) A model of volcanic dome-hosted precious metal deposits in Bolivia. Economic Geology, 86, 415–421.
Das, D., Chatterjee, A., Mandal, B.K., Samanta, G. and Chakraborti, D. (1995) Arsenic in groundwater in six districts of West Bengal, India: the biggest arsenic calamity in the world. Part 2: arsenic concentration in drinking water, hair, nails, urine, skin-scale and liver tissue (biopsy) of the affected people. Analyst, 120, 917–924.
Das, D., Samanta, G., Mandal, B.K., Chowdhury, T.R., Chanda, C.R., Chowdhury, P.P., Basu, G.K. and Chakraborti, D. (1996) Arsenic in groundwater in six districts of West Bengal, India. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 18, 5–16.
Farago, M.E. and Kavanagh, P. (1999) High arsenic-containing soils in SW England and human exposure assessment. Pp. 181–184: Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface (Armannsson, H., editor). Balkema, Rotterdam..
Foster, A.L., Brown, G.E. Jr, Tingle, T.N. and Parks, G.A. (1998) Quantitative arsenic speciation in mine tailings using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. American Mineralogist, 83, 553–568.
Hahn, G.J. and Meeker, W.Q. (1991) Statistical Intervals. A Guide for Practitioners. Wiley, New York.
Hamilton, E.I. (2000) Environmental variables in a holistic evaluation of land contaminated by historic mine wastes: a study of multi-element mine wastes in West Devon, England using arsenic as an element of potential concern to human health. Science of the Total Environment, 249, 171–221.
Hinwood, A.L., Sim, M.R., Jolley, D., de Klerk, N., Bastone, E.B., Gerostamoulos, J. and Drummer, O.H. (2004) Exposure to inorganic arsenic in soil increases urinary inorganic arsenic concentrations of residents living in old mining areas. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 26, 27–36.
Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Schell, C. and Macklin, M.G. (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of alluvium contaminated by metal mining in the Rio Tinto area, southwest Spain. Applied Geochemistry, 14, 1015–1030.
Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Macklin, M.G., Miller, J.R. and Lechler, P.J. (2001) Sources, distribution and storage of heavy metals in the Rio Pilcomayo, Bolivia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 72, 229–250.
Hughes, M.F. (2002) Arsenic toxicity and potential mechanisms of action. Toxicology Letters, 133, 1–16.
IAEA (1977) in Subramanian, K.S. (1996) Determination of metals in biofluids and tissues: sample preparation methods for atomic spectroscopic techniques. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 51, 291–319.
Iriondo, M. (1993) Geomorphology and late Quaternary of the Chaco (South America). Geomorphology, 1, 289–303.
JICA (1999) Estudio de evaluacion del impacto ambiental producido por las actividades mineras en Potosi. Unpublished report for Pilcomayo Master Plan.
Knobeloch, L. and Anderson, H. (2003) Effect of arsenic-contaminated drinking water on skin cancer prevalence in Wisconsin's Fox River Valley. Pp. 155–163: Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects V (Chappell, W.R., CO. Abernathy, , Calderon, C.L. and Thomas, D.J. (editors). Elsevier B.V., Oxford, UK.
Lee, J.-S. and Chon, H.-T. (2003) Exposure assessment of heavy metals on abandoned metal mine areas by ingestion of soil, crop, plant and groundwater. Journal de Physique IV France, 107, 757–760.
Mahon, K.I. (1996) The New ‘York’ regression: application of an improved statistical method to geochemistry. International Geology Review, 38, 293–30.
Matschullat, J., Perobelli Borba, R., Deschamps, E., Ribeiro Figueiredo, B., Gabrio, T. and Schwenk, M. (2000) Human and environmental contamination in the Iron Quadrangle, Brazil. Applied Geochemistry
Miller, J.R. (1997) The role of fluvial geomorphic processes in the transport and storage of heavy metals from mine sites. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 58, 101–118.
Miller, J.R., Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Lechler, P.J., Preston, D. and Macklin, M.G. (2004) Heavy metal contamination of water, soil and produce within riverine communities of the Rio Pilcomayo basin, Bolivia. Science of the Total Environment, 320, 189–209.
Minoia, C., Sabbioni, E., Apostoli, P., Pietra, R., Pozzoli, L., Gallorini, M., Nicolaou, G., Alessio, L. and Capodaglio, E. (1990) Trace element reference values in tissues from inhabitants of the European community I. A study of 46 elements in urine, blood and serum of Italian subjects. Science of the Total Environment, 95, 89–105.
Morton, J., Carolan, V.A. and Gardiner, P.H.E. (2002) Removal of exogenously bound elements from human hair by various washing procedures and determination by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 455, 23–34.
Nelson, L.S. (1974) Factors for the Analysis of Means. Journal of Quality Technology, 6, 175–181.
Nelson, L.S. (1983) Exact critical values for use with the Analysis of Means. Journal of Quality Technology, 15, 40–44.
Nelson, L.S. (1993) Additional uses for the Analysis of Means and extended tables of critical values. Technometrics, 35, 61–71.
Ott, E.R. (1967) Analysis of means – a graphical procedure. Industrial Quality Control, 24, 101–109.
PROVISA (1989) Estudio de Factibilidad. Volumen 4, Anexo II: Hidrologia. Unpublished report for Ambio Chaco, Villa Montes, Bolivia.
Rodushkin, I. and Axelsson, M.D. (2000) Application of double focusing sector field ICP-MS for multi-elemental characterization of human hair and nails. Part II. A study of the inhabitants of northern Sweden. Science of the Total Environment, 262, 21–36.
Rousseeuw, P.J. and Leroy, A.M. (2003) Robust regression and outlier detection, Wiley, New York.
Samanta, G., Sharma, R., Roychowdhury, T. and Chakraborti, D. (2004) Arsenic and other elements in hair, nails, and skin-scales of arsenic victims in West Bengal, India. Science of the Total Environment, 326, 33–47.
Schollaert, A. (2000) Monitoreo voluntario de la contaminación de Rίo Pilcomayo en el Departamento de Chuquisaca. Unpublished report for Asociacíon Sucrense de Ecologia, Bolivia.
Sera, K., Futatsugawa, S. and Murao, S. (2002) Quantitative analysis of untreated hair samples for monitoring human exposure to heavy metals. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 189, 174–179.
Smolders, A.J.P., Guerrero Hiza, M.A., van der Velde, G. and Roelofs, J.G.M. (2002) Dynamics of discharge, sediment transport, heavy metal pollution and Sabalo (Prochilodus lineatus) catches in the lower Pilcomayo River (Bolivia). River Research and Applications, 18, 415–427.
Smolders, A.J.P., Hudson-Edwards, K.A., van der Velde, G. and Roelofs, J.G.M. (2004) Controls on water chemistry of the Pilcomayo River (Bolivia, South-America). Applied Geochemistry, 19, 1745–1758.
Southwick, J.W., Western, A.E., Beck, M.M., Whitely, T., Isaacs, R., Petajan, J. and Hansen, C.D. (1983) An epidemiological study of arsenic in drinking water in Millard County, Utah. Pp. 210–225 in: Arsenic: Industrial, Biomedical, Environmental Perspectives (Leadere, W.H. and Fensterheim, R.J., editors). Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
Thompson, M. and Howarth, R.J. (1980) The frequency distribution of analytical error. Analyst, 105, 1188–1195.
Tokunaga, H., Roychowdhury, T., Uchino, T. and Ando, M. (2005) Urinary arsenic species in an arsenic-affected area of West Bengal, India (part III). Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 19, 246–253.
White, M.A. and Sabbioni, E. (1998) Trace element reference values in tissues from inhabitants of the European Union. X. A study of 13 elements in blood and urine of a United Kingdom population. Science of the Total Environment, 216, 253–270.
WHO (World Health Organization) (1996) Health criteria and other supporting information. Pp. 940–949 in: Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, 2nd edition, Vol. 2. WHO, Geneva.
WHO (World Health Organization) (1998) Addendum to Vol. 2. Pp. 281–283 in: Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 2nd edition. WHO, Geneva.
WHO (World Health Organization) (2001) Arsenic compounds, Environmental Health Criteria 224, 2nd edition. WHO, Geneva.
Wilkinson, M. and Mohler, R.R.J. (1995) Colmatation of the Pilcomayo river as observed from space shuttle photography. GSA Program with Abstracts, 27, 116.
Wright, D.A. and Welbourn, P. (2002) Environmental toxicology. Cambridge Environmental Chemistry Series, 11. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
York, D. (1967) The best isochron. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2, 479–482.
Zierold, K.M., Knobeloch, L. and Anderson, H. (2004) Prevalence of chronic diseases in adults exposed to arsenic-contaminated drinking water. American Journal of Public Health, 94, 1936–1937.