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New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. XVI. Yurgensonite, K2SnTiO2(AsO4)2, the first natural tin arsenate, and the katiarsite–yurgensonite isomorphous series

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 May 2021

Igor V. Pekov*
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Natalia V. Zubkova
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Atali A. Agakhanov
Affiliation:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, 119071 Moscow, Russia
Vasiliy O. Yapaskurt
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Dmitry I. Belakovskiy
Affiliation:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, 119071 Moscow, Russia
Marina F. Vigasina
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Sergey N. Britvin
Affiliation:
Department of Crystallography, St. Petersburg State University, University Emb. 7/9, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
Anna G. Turchkova
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Evgeny G. Sidorov
Affiliation:
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Piip Boulevard 9, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
Dmitry Yu. Pushcharovsky
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*
*Author for correspondence: Igor V. Pekov, Email: igorpekov@mail.ru

Abstract

The new mineral yurgensonite, ideally K2SnTiO2(AsO4)2, the first natural arsenate with species-defining tin, and the continuous isomorphous series between yurgensonite and katiarsite KTiO(AsO4) are described from sublimates of the Arsenatnaya fumarole at the Second scoria cone of the Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Yurgensonite and a Sn-bearing variety of katiarsite are associated closely with one another and with badalovite, pansnerite, yurmarinite, achyrophanite, arsenatrotitanite, hatertite, khrenovite, svabite, sanidine, hematite, cassiterite, rutile and aphthitalite-group sulfates. Yurgensonite occurs as sword-shaped crystals up to 0.01 mm × 0.05 mm × 1 mm or acicular to hair-like individuals up to 1 mm long, typically forming radial aggregates up to 2 mm across. It is transparent, colourless, white or pale beige, with vitreous lustre. The mineral is brittle, cleavage was not observed. Dcalc is 3.877 g cm-3. Yurgensonite is optically biaxial (–), α = 1.764(6), β = 1.780(6), γ = 1.792(6) and 2Vmeas. is large. Chemical composition (wt.%, electron-microprobe; holotype) is: Na2O 0.51, K2O 16.27, Rb2O 0.12, Al2O3 0.26, Fe2O3 4.33, SiO2 0.29, TiO2 10.17, SnO2 22.01, P2O5 0.14, V2O5 0.19, As2O5 40.20, Sb2O5 4.88, SO3 0.28, total 99.65. The empirical formula based on 10 O apfu is (K1.92Na0.09Rb0.01)Σ2.02(Sn0.81Ti0.71Fe3+0.30Sb5+0.17Al0.03)Σ2.02(As1.945Si0.03S0.02P0.01V0.01)Σ2.015O10. Yurgensonite is orthorhombic, Pna21, a = 13.2681(6), b = 6.6209(3), c = 10.8113(5) Å, V = 949.74(7) Å3 and Z = 4. The crystal structure was solved from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data, R = 5.02%. Yurgensonite belongs to the KTP-structure type. It is a Ti,Sn-ordered analogue of katiarsite. The structure contains chains of corner-linked alternating crystallographically non-equivalent octahedra M(1) and M(2). In yurgensonite, Sn4+ prevails in the M(2)O6 octahedron whereas the M(1) site is Ti4+-dominant. The new mineral is named in honour of the Russian mineralogist, geochemist and specialist in studies of ore deposits Professor Georgiy Aleksandrovich Yurgenson (born 1935).

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Article
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Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: Koichi Momma

Deceased 20 March 2021

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