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New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. XI. Anatolyite, Na6(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe3+)3Al(AsO4)6

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 February 2019

Igor V. Pekov*
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Inna S. Lykova
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Vasiliy O. Yapaskurt
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Dmitry I. Belakovskiy
Affiliation:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 18-2, 119071 Moscow, Russia
Anna G. Turchkova
Affiliation:
Faculty of Geology, Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Sergey N. Britvin
Affiliation:
Department of Crystallography, St Petersburg State University, University Embankment 7/9, 199034 St Petersburg, Russia
Evgeny G. Sidorov
Affiliation:
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Piip Boulevard 9, 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
Katharina S. Scheidl
Affiliation:
Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14 (UZA 2), A-1090 Vienna, Austria
*
*Author for correspondence: Igor V. Pekov, Email: igorpekov@mail.ru

Abstract

The new mineral anatolyite Na6(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe3+)3Al(AsO4)6 was found in the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. It is associated with potassic feldspar, hematite, tenorite, cassiterite, johillerite, tilasite, ericlaxmanite, lammerite, arsmirandite, sylvite, halite, aphthitalite, langbeinite, anhydrite, wulffite, krasheninnikovite, fluoborite, pseudobrookite and fluorophlogopite. Anatolyite occurs as aggregates (up to 2 mm across) of rhombohedral–prismatic, equant or slightly elongated along [001] crystals up to 0.2 mm. The mineral is transparent, pale brownish–pinkish, with vitreous lustre. It is brittle, cleavage was not observed and the fracture is uneven. The Mohs’ hardness is ca 4½. Dcalc is 3.872 g cm–3. Anatolyite is optically uniaxial (–), ω = 1.703(4) and ε = 1.675(3). Chemical composition (wt.%, electron microprobe) is: Na2O 16.55, K2O 0.43, CaO 2.49, MgO 5.80, MnO 0.16, CuO 0.69, ZnO 0.55, Al2O3 5.01, Fe2O3 7.94, TiO2 0.18, SnO2 0.17, SiO2 0.04, P2O5 0.55, As2O5 60.75, SO3 0.03, total 101.34. The empirical formula based on 24 O apfu is (Na5.90K0.10)Σ6.00(Ca0.50Na0.13Zn0.08Mn0.03)Σ0.74(Mg1.63Fe3+1.12Al0.15Cu0.10)Σ3.00(Al0.96Ti0.03Sn0.01)Σ1.00(As5.97P0.09Si0.01)Σ6.07O24. Anatolyite is trigonal, R$\bar{3}$c, a = 13.6574(10), c = 18.2349(17) Å, V = 2945.6(4) Å3 and Z = 6. The strongest reflections of the powder XRD pattern [d,Å(I)(hkl)] are: 7.21(33)(012), 4.539(16)(113), 4.347(27)(211), 3.421(20)(220), 3.196(31)(214), 2.981(17)(223), 2.827(100)(125) and 2.589(18)(410). The crystal structure was solved from single-crystal XRD data to R = 4.77%. The structure is based on a 3D heteropolyhedral framework formed by M4O18 clusters [M1 = Al and M2 = (Mg,Fe3+)] linked with AsO4 tetrahedra. (Ca,Na) and Na cations centre A1O6 and A2O8 polyhedra in voids of the framework. Anatolyite is isostructural with yurmarinite. The new mineral is named in honour of the outstanding Russian crystallographer, mineralogist and mathematician Anatoly Kapitonovich Boldyrev (1883–1946).

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2019 

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: Daniel Atencio

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