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Reversible Changes of Chromosome Structure upon Different Concentrations of Divalent Cations

  • Astari Dwiranti (a1), Hideaki Takata (a2) and Kiichi Fukui (a3)

Abstract

The structural details of chromosomes have been of interest to researchers for many years, but how the metaphase chromosome is constructed remains unsolved. Divalent cations have been suggested to be required for the organization of chromosomes. However, detailed information about the role of these cations in chromosome organization is still limited. In the current study, we investigated the effects of Ca2+ and Mg2+ depletion and the reversibility upon re-addition of one of the two ions. Human chromosomes were treated with different concentrations of Ca2+and Mg2+. Depletion of Ca2+ and both Ca2+ and Mg2+ were carried out using 1, 2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), respectively. Chromosome structure was examined by fluorescence microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results indicated that chromosome structures after treatment with a buffer without Mg2+, after Ca2+ depletion, as well as after depletion of both Mg2+, and Ca2+, yielded fewer compact structures with fibrous chromatin than those without cation depletion. Interestingly, the chromatin of EDTA-treated chromosomes reversed to their original granular diameters after re-addition of either Mg2+ or Ca2+ only. These findings signify the importance of divalent cations on the chromosome structure and suggest the interchangeable role of Ca2+ and Mg2+.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Kiichi Fukui, E-mail: kfukui@bio.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp

References

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Keywords

Reversible Changes of Chromosome Structure upon Different Concentrations of Divalent Cations

  • Astari Dwiranti (a1), Hideaki Takata (a2) and Kiichi Fukui (a3)

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