Skip to main content Accessibility help

Electron Holographic Visualization of Collective Motion of Electrons Through Electric Field Variation

  • Daisuke Shindo (a1) (a2), Shinji Aizawa (a2), Zentaro Akase (a1) (a2), Toshiaki Tanigaki (a2), Yasukazu Murakami (a1) (a2) and Hyun Soon Park (a3)...


This study demonstrates the accumulation of electron-induced secondary electrons by utilizing a simple geometrical configuration of two branches of a charged insulating biomaterial. The collective motion of these secondary electrons between the branches has been visualized by analyzing the reconstructed amplitude images obtained using in situ electron holography. In order to understand the collective motion of secondary electrons, the trajectories of these electrons around the branches have also been simulated by taking into account the electric field around the charged branches on the basis of Maxwell’s equations.


Corresponding author

* Corresponding author.


Hide All
Inoue, M., Suzuki, S., Akase, Z. & Shindo, D. (2012). Computer simulation of electric field variations due to movements of electric charges. J Electron Microsc 61, 217222.
Kim, J.J., Shindo, D., Murakami, Y., Xia, W., Chou, L.J. & Chueh, Y.L. (2007). Direct observation of field emission in a single TaSi2 nanowire. Nano Lett 7, 22432247.
Kim, K.H., Akase, Z., Shindo, D., Ohno, N., Fujii, Y., Terada, N. & Ohno, S. (2013). Electron holography study of the charging effect in microfibrils of sciatic nerve tissues. Microsc Microanal 19(S5), 5457.
Lichte, H. & Lehmann, M. (2008). Electron holography—basics and applications. Rep Prog Phys 71, 146.
Matteucci, G., Missiroli, G.F., Nichelatti, E., Migliori, A., Vanzi, M. & Pozzi, G. (1991). Electron holography of long-range electric and magnetic fields. J Appl Phys 69, 18351842.
McCartney, M. & Smith, D.J. (2007). Electron holography: Phase imaging with nanometer resolution. Ann Rev Mater Res 37, 729767.
Ohno, S., Hora, K., Furukawa, T. & Oguchi, H. (1992). Ultrastructural-study of the glomerular slit diaphragm in fresh unfixed kidneys by a quick-freezing method. Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol Incl Mol Pathol 61(5), 351358.
Shindo, D. & Hiraga, K. (1998). High-Resolution Electron Microscopy for Materials Science, Tokyo: Springer-Verlag.
Shindo, D., Kim, J.J., Kim, K.H., Xia, W., Ohno, N., Fujii, Y., Terada, N. & Ohno, S. (2009). Determination of orbital location of electron-induced secondary electrons by electric field visualization. J Phys Soc Jpn 78, 104802/18.
Shindo, D., Kim, J.J., Xia, W., Kim, K.H., Ohno, N., Fujii, Y., Terada, N. & Ohno, S. (2007). Electron holography on dynamic motion of secondary electrons around sciatic nerve tissues. J Electron Microsc 56, 15.
Shindo, D. & Murakami, Y. (2008). Electron holography of magnetic materials. J Phys D Appl Phys 41, 183002/1−21.
Tonomura, A. (1999). Electron Holography, 2nd ed. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Völkl, E., Allard, L.F. & Joy, D.C. (1999). Introduction to Electron Holography, New York: Plenum Publishing.


Type Description Title
Supplementary materials

Shindo Supplementary Material
Video 1

 Video (17.9 MB)
17.9 MB
Supplementary materials

Shindo Supplementary Material
Video 2

 Video (30.9 MB)
30.9 MB


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed