Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Some steps in the early development of coke manufacture & use in France & Belgium

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 May 2012

R. Nicolle
Affiliation:
Retraité ArcelorMittal Maizières, France. e-mail: nicolle.dom@wanadoo.fr
Get access

Abstract

Three hundred years after the first production of coke, the history of this important breakthrough, an energy transition that, together with the invention of the steam engine, opened way to the industrial revolution, is still thought provoking on subjects such as the rate of change and the factors that are favoring or slowing down the rate of change, the role of infrastructure and technology in the development of industry, the role of protectionism or free-trade on technological changes and last, but not the least, the development of science and technology as tools for the improvement of the processes and products. From the first information of G. Jars and his metallurgical trips and the small scale tests of the first pioneers of the Enlightment, to the development of large size plants incorporating new technologies, this history is that of the important social switch from a small scale peasant seasonal activity with many workshops, to the large scale integrated industry concentrated in a few places and connected with the suppliers and the market by the new transportation infrastructure (canals, railways) developed in continental Europe throughout the XIXth century. Scientists (such as Ebelmen, Lecocq, Boudouard, Berthellot) and technologists (such as the innovation brought by Belgian furnaces) have played an important role in this mutation.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EDP Sciences 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

C. Ballot, L’introduction de la fonte au coke en France et la fondation du Creusot libraire P.Geuthner Paris 1912, Revue d’histoire des doctrines économiques et sociales (1912) 29-62; Indret website http://fonderie.indret.free.fr/admin.php
M.M. Dufrénoy, Elie de Beaumont, Coste & Perdonnet, Voyage métallurgique en Angleterre, Tome, Paris Bachelier, 1837
G. Jars, Voyages Métallurgiques ou Recherche et observation sur les mines, les forges, Paris Seguin, Tome III; G. Jars, Quinzième Mémoire Manière de préparer le charbon, 1769
de la Métherie, M., Journal de Physique de l’abbé Rozier in Milieux 10 (1982) 50-53
François, P., La méthode expérimentale au Creusot 1785-1790 Milieux 2 (1980) 53-57 Google Scholar
Devillers, C., Une usine moderne en 1781, Milieux 10 (1982) 64-67 Google Scholar
S. Jordan, Cours et Album du Cours de Métallurgie professé à l’École Centrale des Arts & Manufactures Paris, Baudry, 1874
Chronologie Le Creusot, Milieux 10 (1982) 54-55
N. Vadot, Le Creusot son histoire, son industrie Pautet, 1875
François, P., Les Productions in Milieux 10 (1982) 68-69 Google Scholar
Jacomy, B., Bibliographie in Milieux 10 (1982) 70-71 Google Scholar
Jondot, M., La formation de la population creusotine 1780-1800, Milieux 10 (1982) 56-63 Google Scholar
Cours Ferry, École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, 1846-1847
A.M. Heron de Villefosse, Mémoire sur l’État actuel des usines de fer de la France considérées au commencement de l’année, Paris, 1826
L. Coquelin, La liberté du commerce et des douanes, Revue des Deux Mondes tome, 15
E. Flachat, A. Barrault, J. Petiet, Traité de la fabrication du fer et de la fonte, 1842-1846
A. de Balascheff, Notice sur l’exploitation du fer en Belgique et la torréfaction du bois Paris Bachelier, Édition 1841
B. Valerius, Traité théorique et pratique de fabrication de la fonte Kiessling et compagnie, Édition 1851
F. Pasquasy, Le Haut-Fourneau au pays de Liège, bulletin de la société des bibliophiles liégeois T XXV 2005 185-236, L’évolution technologique du haut-fourneau liégeois au coke de 1820 à 1914 Congrès 2004 Ottignies Louvain la Neuve
R. Halleux, Cockerill deux siècles de technologie Édition du perron
F. Colomer, C. Lorier, Combustibles industriels, Édition H. Dunod, E. Pinet, 1919
J.H. Hassenfratz, La sidérotechnie ou l’art de traiter les minerais de fer pour en obtenir de la fonte, du fer et de l’acier, 1812
J.B. Dumas, Traité de Chimie appliqué aux arts, Tomes 1, 4, Paris, 1828
Walter de Saint Ange, Métallurgie Pratique du fer Paris Mathias, 1835-1838
A. de Vathaire, Études sur le Haut-Fourneau et la métallurgie du fer Paris Libraire Polytechnique J. Baudry, 1866
M. Salvetat, Recueil des travaux scientifiques d’Ebelmen, Mallet-Bachelier, Tome 2, Paris, 1855
E. Lecocq, L’énergie disponible dans les fours à coke à récupération de sous produits sans régénération de chaleur, Rev. Métall. (1912) 400-422; E. Lecocq, Le chauffage des fours à coke aux gaz de gazogène et de hauts-fourneaux, Rev. Métall. (1912) 525-572; E. Lecocq, Considérations générales sur l’industrie des fours à coke à régénération de chaleur, Rev. Métall. (1912) 681-698; E. Lecocq, J. Pieters, Exposé des différentes méthodes de mesure de l’énergie consommée dans les fours à coke à régénération de chaleur, Rev. Métall. (1914) 96-126
O. Boudouard, Étude sur les charbons et leur pouvoir cokéfiant, Rev. Métall. (1909) 446-458
C. Berthelot, Étude des nouveaux systèmes de condensation goudronneuse du gaz de houille et de production du sulfate d’ammoniaque, Rev. Métall. (1913) 1010-1054, 1065-1129; C. Berthelot, Étude analytique des principaux systèmes de fours à coke, à régénération, leur stabilité, leur économie d’exploitation, Rev. Métall. (1914) 685-751; C. Berthelot, Compte rendu de l’exposition et du congrès du chauffage industriel, Rev. Métall. (1923) 561-590; C. Berthelot, La carbonisation de la houille à haute température: son évolution technique, Revue de Métallurgie (1927) 557-572; C. Berthelot, Construction exploitation Organisation des cokeries modernes spécialement en Allemagne et Tchécoslovaquie, Rev. Métall. (1930) 177-193
F. Graffeuille, N. Jusseau, M. Schneider, F. Mosser, R. Nicolle, The drive toward coke rates less than 300 kg: From the Concepts to the Practice, Second European Ironmaking Congress; Glasgow, Scotland, UK, 1991, pp. 233-246

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 7 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-76cb886bbf-9l59n Total loading time: 0.328 Render date: 2021-01-24T23:30:34.618Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Some steps in the early development of coke manufacture & use in France & Belgium
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Some steps in the early development of coke manufacture & use in France & Belgium
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Some steps in the early development of coke manufacture & use in France & Belgium
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *