While this paper is principally a continuation of , with as its object the application of sections 6 and 7 of that paper to obtain results related to the Buchsbaum–Rim multiplicity, it also has connections with  which are the subject of the first of the four sections. These concern integral equivalence of finitely generated R-modules. where R is an arbitrary noetherian ring. We therefore introduce a finitely generated R-module M and relate to it a short exact sequence (s.e.s.),
where F is a free module generated by m elements u1,…, um, and L is generated by elements yj, (j = 1, …, n), of F. We identify the elements u1, …, um with a set of indeterminates X1, …, Xm, and F with the R-module S1 of elements of degree 1 of the graded ring S = R[X1, …, Xm].