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The total energy of the γ-radiation emitted from the active deposit of actinium

  • E. Kara-Michailova (a1)

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The disintegrations by which Ac B passes into the inactive AcPb are accompanied by a γ-radiation very weak compared with the intense γ-emission in the case of Ra or Th-active deposit. The analysis of the secondary β-ray spectrum of actinium-active deposit has revealed the existence of at least five γ-rays (1) (see Table I), of which the ray with energy 0·349 × 106 e.V. definitely belongs to the disintegration Ac C—C″ and is associated with the fine-structure of α-particles of Ac C. According to the measurements of Surugue the two rays of 0·4038 × 106 and 0·4257 × 106 e.V. energy are to be attributed to the disintegration AcB—C, whereas the origin of the 0·829 × 106 e.V. ray is less definite. The fit with experiments is best if this ray is assumed to be emitted from Ac B—C; but it may also (within experimental error) be attributed to the disintegration Ac C″—Pb. Experiments on the absorption coefficient of the γ-radiation of RaAc and its disintegration products prove that the 0·829 × 106 e.V. ray is the hardest γ-ray emitted by the active deposit of actinium(2). The value for the absorption coefficient between 4·6 and 10·6 cm. of lead was found to be μ/ρ = 0·76, in good agreement with the value found in previous experiments at smaller absorptions in aluminium (3). There is, on the whole, excellent agreement concerning the energies of the γ-components as measured according to different methods by different observers.

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The total energy of the γ-radiation emitted from the active deposit of actinium

  • E. Kara-Michailova (a1)

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