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First record of Cassiopea andromeda (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae: Cassiopeidae) from the central Mediterranean Sea

  • Patrick J. Schembri (a1), Alan Deidun (a1) and Patrick J. Vella (a1)

Abstract

The occurrence of the scyphozoan Cassiopea andromeda is reported from the Maltese Islands, where a sizable aggregation was found in Marsamxett Harbour. This is the first record of this circumtropical species from the central Mediterranean Sea, hitherto known from the Levantine and Aegean basins. It is suggested that the most likely vector responsible for transporting this species to the Maltese Islands is shipping.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: P.J. Schembri, Department of Biology, University of Malta, Msida MSD2080, Malta email: patrick.j.schembri@um.edu.mt

References

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Çevik, C., Erkol, I.L. and Toklu, B. (2006) A new record of an alien jellyfish from the Levantine coast of Turkey—Cassiopea andromeda (Forsskål, 1775) [Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Rhizostomea]. Aquatic Invasions 1, 196197.
Galil, B.S., Spanier, E. and Ferguson, W.W. (1990) The scyphomedusae of the Mediterranean coast of Israel, including two Lessepsian migrants new to the Mediterranean. Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 64, 95105.
Holland, B.S., Dawson, M.N., Crow, G.L. and Hofmann, D.K. (2004) Global phylogeography of Cassiopea (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae): molecular evidence for cryptic species and multiple invasions of the Hawaiian Islands. Marine Biology 145, 11191128.
Maas, O. (1903) Die Scyphomedusen der Siboga-expedition. [Siboga-expeditie 11.] Leiden: E.J. Brill; viii + 91 pp. + plates I–XII.
Özgür, E. and Öztürk, B. (2008) A population of the alien jellyfish, Cassiopea andromeda (Forsskål, 1775) [Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Rhizostomea] in the Ölüdeniz Lagoon, Turkey. Aquatic Invasions 3, 423428.
Verde, E.A. and McCloskey, L.R. (1998) Production, respiration, and photophysiology of the mangrove jellyfish Cassiopea xamachana symbiotic with zooxanthellae: effect of jellyfish size and season. Marine Ecology Progress Series 168, 147162.

Keywords

First record of Cassiopea andromeda (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae: Cassiopeidae) from the central Mediterranean Sea

  • Patrick J. Schembri (a1), Alan Deidun (a1) and Patrick J. Vella (a1)

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