Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey VII: An Interim Classification and Functional Analysis of Ancient Wall Technology and Land Use

  • D. D. Gilbertson (a1), P. P. Hayes (a1), G. W. W. Barker (a2) and C. O. Hunt (a1)

Abstract

Interpretations of ancient wall-technologies in the Libyan pre-desert are briefly reviewed. The forms, patterns, distributions and geological/geomorphic/hydrologic relationships of walls in a series of study areas are described and interpreted with the aid of a new, non-genetic, ‘wall-technology’ classification. The remarkable hydrological and geomorphic insights of their constructors are clear. Several wall types are shown to have been primarily concerned with functions other than water control, although this aspect is usually dominant. In some cases the location of the walls appears to have been likely to exacerbate the perennial problems of soil erosion and gullying, in others walls appear to have been constructed specifically to control soil erosion. These data have implications for reconstructing past land use and evaluating the degree of success or failure experienced in particular situations.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barker, G. W. W. 1981. Early Agriculture and Economic Change in North Africa. In Allan, J. A. (ed.) The Sahara: Ecological Change and Early Economic History: 131145, Wisbech, Menas Press.
Barker, G. W. W. and Jones, G. D. B. 1981. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey, 1980. Libyan Studies 12: 948.
Barker, G. W. W. and Jones, G. D. B. 1982. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey 1979–1981: Palaeo-economy and environmental archaeology in the pre-desert. Libyan Studies 13: 134.
Barker, G. W. W., Gilbertson, D. D. and Hayes, P. P. 1980. Unpublished Specialists' Report to the Department of Antiquities, Tripoli, November, 1980.
Barker, G. W. W., Gilbertson, D. D., Griffin, C. M., Hayes, P. P. and Jones, D. A. 1983. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey V: Sedimentary properties of Holocene wadi floor and plateau deposits in Tripolitania, North-West Libya. Libyan Studies 14: 6985.
Barth, H. 1857. Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa. London, Longmans.
Betts, A. 1982. Prehistoric Sites at Qa'a Mejalla, Eastern Jordan. Levant XIV: 134.
Betts, A. 1983. Black desert survey, Jordan: first preliminary report. Levant XV: 110.
Betts, A. 1984. Black desert survey, Jordan: second preliminary report. Levant XVI: 2534.
Bruins, H. J. and Evenari, M. 1985 in press. Runoff desert farming in five continents: past and present. In Gilbertson, 1985.
Bryan, K. 1929. Floodwater farming. Geographical Review 19(3): 444456.
Burns, J. R. and Mattingly, D. J. 1981. The wadi N'f'd survey. In Barker, and Jones, 1981: 2433.
Dorsett, J. E., Gilbertson, D. D., Hunt, C. O. and Barker, G. W. W. 1984. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey VIII: Image analysis of Landsat Satellite data for archaeological and environmental survey. Libyan Studies 15: 7180.
Evenari, M., Shannon, L. and Tadmor, N. 1971. The Negev – The Challenge of a Desert. Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University Press.
Farrington, I. S. and Park, C. C. 1978. Hydraulic engineering and irrigation agriculture in the Moche Valley, Peru: c. AD 1250–1532. Journal of Archaeological Science 5: 255268.
Gilbertson, D. D. (ed.) 1985 (in press). Floodwater farming: past and present. Applied Geography, Special Volume. London, Butterworths Scientific.
Gilbertson, D. D. and Kennedy, D. L. 1984 (in press). An archaeological reconnaissance of ancient flood-water farms in the Jordanian desert, north of Azraq Oasis. Annals of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan.
Helms, S. 1981. Jawa: Lost City of the Black Desert. London, Methuen.
Herold, L. C. 1970. Trincheras and Physical Environment along the Rio Gavahn, Chihuahua, Mexico. Denver, Colorado. University of Denver Publications in Geography. Technical Paper No. 65-1.
Johnson, D. L. 1973. Jabah-al-Akhdar, Cyrenaica: an Historical Geography of Settlement and Livelihood. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
Jones, G. D. B. and Barker, G. W. W. 1980. Libyan Valleys Survey. Libyan Studies 11:1136.
Jones, G. D. B. and Barker, G. W. W. 1983. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey: the 1981 Season. Libyan Studies 14: 3968.
Jones, G. D. B. and Barker, G. W. W. 1984. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey VI: Investigations of a Romano-Libyan farm, Part I. Libyan Studies 15: 144.
Kennedy, D. L. 1982. Archaeological Explorations on the Roman Frontier in North East Jordan. Oxford, B.A.R. International Series 134.
Maitland, R. A. 1927. The works of the ‘Old Men’ in Arabia. Antiquity 1: 197.
Nabhan, G. P. 1979. The ecology of floodwater farming in arid south-western North America. Agro-Ecosystems 5: 245255.
Rees, L. W. B. 1929. The Trans Jordanian Desert. Antiquity 3: 389.
Rohn, A. H. 1963. Prehistoric soil and water conservation on Chapin Mesa, South-western Colorado. American Antiquity 28(4): 441455.
Vita-Finzi, C. 1969. The Mediterranean Valleys. London, Cambridge University Press.
Vita-Finzi, C. 1971. Alluvial history of northern Libya since the last interglacial. In Gray, C. (ed.). Symposium on the Geology of Libya: 409429. Tripoli, University of Tripoli.
Woodbury, R. B. 1961. Prehistoric Agriculture at Point of Pines, Arizona. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology no. 17: 48 pp.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed