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International Law and the Turn to Political Economy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2018


An increasing number of international law scholars over the last few years have started to turn their attention to the study of political economy. To what extent can this trend be considered an indication of an underlying ‘disciplinary turn’? How should one understand the phenomenon of disciplinary turns? The answer we propose to this question in this article proceeds from the assumption that not all disciplinary shifts follow the same logic. Unlike the linguistic or the historical turn, the turn to political economy in contemporary international law does not represent an exercise in inter-disciplinary exploration. The concept of political economy used in international law has very little to do with the actual discipline of political economy. It is much more diffuse and unfocused in theoretical terms. What gives it its essential sense of identity is not any form of distinct methodological orientation, but rather its basic usefulness as a potential marker of critical self-distancing vis-à-vis the mainstream international law tradition and its ideological function as a mediating device for the expression of a deep-seated concern about the structural injustices of modern capitalism.

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL THEORY: Symposium on International Law and Political Economy
Copyright © Foundation of the Leiden Journal of International Law 2018 

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4 Ibid., at 168.

5 M. Koskenniemi, The Gentle Civilizer of Nations 2 (2002).

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8 L. Althusser, On the Reproduction of Capitalism (2014).

9 G. Lukacs, History and Class Consciousness (1971).

10 B. Hettne (ed.), International Political Economy (1995).

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17 On modern money theory see R. Wray, Modern Money Theory: A Primer on Macroeconomics for Sovereign Monetary Systems (2012).