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Researching Customary International Law

  • Hester Swift

Abstract

This article written by Hester Swift is based on the online course entitled, ‘Customary International Law’, which was created by the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (IALS) Library for the Postgraduate Online Research Training (PORT) platform and is available to all at <https://port.sas.ac.uk/course/view.php?id=120>. The PORT service is provided by the University of London's School of Advanced Study.

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Footnotes

1 Statute of the International Court of Justice, art. 38(1), traditionally seen as a statement of the sources of international law, <https://www.icj-cij.org/en/statute> accessed 7 February 2019.

2 Dixon, Martin, Textbook on International Law (7th ed., OUP 2013) [2.3.1].

3 Ibid.

4 Black's Law Dictionary (10th ed., Thomson Reuters 2014).

5 International Law Association, Committee of Formation of Customary (General) International Law, ‘Statement of Principles Applicable to the Formation of General  Customary International Law’ (Report of the 69th Conference, London, 2000) <http://www.ila-hq.org/index.php/committees> viewed 27 February 2019; Mendelson, Maurice, ‘The Formation of Customary International Law’ (1998) 272 Recueil des Cours 155; Schaffer, Ellen G. and Snyder, Randall J. (ed.s), Contemporary Practice of Public International Law (Oceana 1997), ch.s 2, 4 and 5; Treves, Tullio, ‘Customary International Law’, and Michael Wood and Omri Sender,'State Practice', The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP 2012 – ).

6 Crawford, James, Brownlie's Principles of International Law (8th ed., OUP 2012) 24.

7 Thorpe, Suzanne, ‘A guide to international legal bibliography’ 39, in Schaffer, Ellen G. and Snyder, Randall J. (ed.s), Contemporary Practice of Public International Law  (Oceana 1997); Ralph F. Gaebler, ‘Conducting research in customary international law’ ibid 89; Wood, Michael and Sender, Omri, ‘State Practice’, The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP 2012-) [22].

8 International Association of Law Libraries (IALL), Education Committee (2014) <http://iall.org/education-committee/> viewed 27 February 2019.

9 Dixon (n2) [2.3.1.5]; Fidler, David P., ‘Dinosaur, dynamo, or dangerous? Customary international law in the contemporary international system’ 65, in Schaffer, Ellen G. and Snyder, Randall J. (ed.s), Contemporary Practice of Public International Law (Oceana, 1997).

11 American Society of International Law, 1962 -.

12 British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 1963-1971. The first volume was called The Contemporary Practice of the United Kingdom in the Field of International Law.

13 Lauterpacht, E.E., ‘The Contemporary Practice of the United Kingdom in the Field of International Law -Survey and Comment’ (1956) 5 ICLQ 405, 408.

14 (1966) 17 International Association of Law Libraries Bulletin 1 (on HeinOnline).

17 UK Government Web Archive http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/webarchive; Wayback Machine <https://archive.org/web/>.

18 ‘Foreign Office and Foreign and Commonwealth Office records from 1782’ (research guide) <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/foreign-commonwealth-correspondence-and-records-from-1782/ > viewed 12 March 2019.

19 Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia <http://www.dilafoundation.org/about-the-asian-yearbook-of-international-law.html> viewed 27 February 2019.

20 Australasian Legal Information Institute <http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdb/au/journals/AUYrBkIntLaw/> viewed 27 February 2019.

22 Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law <http://www.zaoerv.de/index.cfm> viewed 27 February 2019.

23 OCLC Online Computer Library Center <https://www.worldcat.org/>.

24 Gaebler, Ralph F. and Shea, Alison A., Sources of State Practice in International Law (2nd rev. ed., Brill 2014); Beyerly, Elizabeth, Public International Law: a Guide to Information Sources (Mansell Publishing, 1991).

25 Gaebler and Shea, n24.

26 Foreign Affairs Ministries on the Web <https://www.usip.org/publications/2008/3/foreign-affairs-ministries-web> viewed 22 February 2019.

27 Wayback Machine <https://archive.org/web/>.

28 ‘Editions of Diplomatic Documents’ <https://diplomatic-documents.org/editions/> viewed 22 February 2019.

29 Gaebler and Shea, n24.

31 <https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments> viewed 22 February 2019.

34 Library Hub Discover, union library catalogue for the UK and Ireland, <https://www.discover.libraryhub.jisc.ac.uk>; WorldCat <http://www.worldcat.org>.

35 Parline <https://data.ipu.org/>; Statesman's Yearbook (Palgrave Macmillan).

37 Office of the Legal Adviser, US State Department (GPO 1973 - ); 1989 onwards at <https://www.state.gov/s/l/c8183.htm> viewed 25 February 2019. The earlier US digests are more like encyclopedias than compilations of documents. They include: Marjorie M. Whitman, Digest of International Law (GPO, 1963-1973); Green Haywood Hackworth, Digest of International Law (GPO, 1940-1944); and John Basset Moore, A Digest of International Law (GPO, 1906).

38 Antonio Augusto Cancado Trindade, 2nd ed., Fundação Alexandre de Gusmão 2012; free download from <http://www.funag.gov.br/loja/>, viewed 25 February 2019 (use website's search facility to locate title).

39 Alexandre Charles Kiss, CNRS Éditions, 1962 -.

40 Gaebler and Shea, n24; Beyerly, n24; Williams, John W., ‘Research tips in international law’ (1981) 15 J Int'l L & Econ 159 (1981); International Law Association, Japan, ‘How to Find Materials on Public International Law for Research and Education’, pt. 1: ‘Practice’ <http://www.ilajapan.org/doc/teaching/Research_and_Education.htm > viewed 25 February 2019.

41 H.F. van Panhuys (ed.), Oceana, 1978-1980; John Dugard et al, 5th ed., Juta, 2018.

42 <http://legal.un.org/legislativeseries/ > viewed 25 February 2019.

43 Dennis Campbell (ed.), Springer Netherlands, 1993 -.

44 CNRS Éditions, 1972-.

47 Wood, Michael and Sender, Omri, ‘State Practice’, The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP 2012 -) [19]; ILA Committee of Formation of Customary (General) International Law, Statement of Principles Applicable to the Formation of General  Customary International Law (Report of the 69th Conference, London, 2000) 19  <http://www.ila-hq.org/index.php/committees> viewed 27 February 2019.

51 Charter Based Bodies <http://ap.ohchr.org/Documents/gmainec.aspx>; Treaty Bodies <http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en> Jurisprudence <http://juris.ohchr.org>; Universal Human Rights Index <http://uhri.ohchr.org/en>. All viewed 27 February 2019.

52UN Documentation: Human Rights’ <http://research.un.org/en/docs/humanrights/treaties>; ‘UN Documentation: International Law’ <http://research.un.org/en/docs/law> viewed 27 February 2019.

53 Silke Sahl, ‘United Nations Research Guide’ <http://library.law.columbia.edu/guides/United_Nations>. All viewed 27 February 2019.

55 Sherry Smugler, Nich Worby and Sam-chin Li <https://guides.library.utoronto.ca/c.php?g=251089&p=1673030> viewed 4 March 2019.

57 Jean-Marie Henckaerts & Louise Doswald-Beck (ed.s), Cambridge University Press 2005; also available in the form of the Customary IHL Database <https://ihl-databases.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/home> viewed 27 February 2019.

58 ASIL International Legal Research Interest Group, ‘ICRC CIHLD receives inaugural Jus Gentium Award’ (Public Documents and Publications [2015]) <https://www.asil.org/community/international-legal-research> viewed 13 March 2019.

59 Henckaerts, Jean-Marie, ‘The ICRC Study on Customary International Humanitarian Law: Characteristics, Conclusions and Practical Relevance’ (2009) 6 Slovenian L. Rev. 225, 251.

60 ‘U.S. Joint Letter From John Bellinger III, Legal Adviser, U.S. Department of State, and William J. Haynes, General Counsel, U.S. Department of Defense to Dr. Jakob Kellenberger, President, International Committee of the Red Cross, Regarding Customary International Law Study’ (2007) 46 ILM 511.

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Researching Customary International Law

  • Hester Swift

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