Skip to main content Accessibility help

Generation of attosecond X-ray pulses via Thomson scattering of counter-propagating laser pulses

  • L. Liu (a1), C.-Q. Xia (a1), J.-S. Liu (a1), W.-T. Wang (a1), Y. Cai (a1), C. Wang (a1), R.-X. Li (a1) and Z.-Z. Xu (a1)...


It is proposed that single attosecond pulses be generated via electron's Thomson scattering of two counter-propagating laser pulses. In the case of linear polarization, the generation of a single attosecond pulse is highly sensitive to the carrier envelope phase (CEP). However, in the case of circular polarization, it is completely independent on the CEP, which will make circular polarization favorable to generate a stable attosecond X-ray pulse. For either linear or circular polarization, the radiation obtained by using two counter-propagating pulses can be much more intense than that obtained by only using one of these two pulses.


Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: J.-S. Liu, State key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. P.O. Box 800-211, Shanghai 201800, People's Republic of China. E-mail:


Hide All
Baeva, T., Gordienko, S. & Pukhov, A. (2006). Relativistic plasma control for single attosecond x-ray burst generation. Phys. Rev. E 74, 065401(R).
Baeva, T., Gordienko, S. & Pukhov, A. (2007). Relativistic plasma control for single attosecond pulse generation: Theory, simulations, and structure of the pulse. Laser Part. Beams 25, 339346.
Chen, S., Maksimchuk, A. & Umstadter, D. (1998). Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering. Nat. 396, 653655.
Corkum, P.B. & Krausz, F. (2007). Attosecond science. Nat. Phys. 3, 381387.
Dromey, B., Zepf, M., Gopal, A., Lancaster, K., Wei, M.S., Krushelnick, K., Tatarakis, M., Vakakis, N., Moustaizis, S., Kodama, R., Tampo, M., Stoeckl, C., Clarke, R., Habara, H., Neely, D., Karsch, S. & Norreys, P. (2006). High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit. Nat. Phys. 2, 456459.
Esarey, E., Ride, S.K. & Sprangle, P. (1993). Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas. Phys. Rev. E 48, 30033021.
Farkas, Gy. & Tóth, Cs. (1992). Proposal for attosecond light pulse generation using laser induced multiple-harmonic conversion processes in rare gases. Phys. Lett. A 168, 447450.
Gao, J. (2004) Thomson Scattering from ultrashort and ultraintense laser pulses. Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243001.
He, F., Yu, W., Lu, P.X., Xu, H., Qian, L.J., Shen, B.F., Yuan, X., Li, R.X. & Xu, Z.Z. (2003). Ponderomotive acceleration of electrons by a tightly focused intense laser beam. Phys. Rev. E 68, 046407.
Hentschel, M., Kienberger, R., Spielmann, C.H., Reider, G.A., Milosevic, N., Brabec, T., Corkum, P., Heinzmann, U., Drescher, M. & Krausz, F. (2001). Attosecond metrology. Nat. 414, 509513.
Jackson, J.D. (1975). Classical Electrodynamics. New York: Wiley.
Kienberger, R., Goulielmakis, E., Uiberacker, M., Baltuska, A., Yakovlev, V., Bammer, F., Scrinzi, A., Westerwalbesloh, Th., Kleineberg, U., Heinzmann, U., Drescher, M. & Krausz, F. (2004). Atomic transient recorder. Nat. 427, 817821.
Lan, P.F., Lu, P.X., Cao, W. & Wang, X.L. (2005). Attosecond and zeptosecond x-ray pulses via nonlinear Thomson backscattering. Phys. Rev. E 72, 066501.
Lan, P.F., Lu, P.X., Cao, W. & Wang, X.L. (2007). Nonlinear Thomson scattering in the few-cycle regime. J. Phys.B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 40, 403411.
Lau, Y.Y., He, F., Umstadter, D.P. & Kowalczyk, R. (2003). Nonlinear Thomson scattering: A tutorial. Phys. Plasmas 10, 21552162.
Lee, H., Chung, S., Lee, K. & Kim, D. (2008). A study of the Thomson scattering of radiation by a relativistic electron of a tightly-focused, co-propagating femtosecond laser beam. New J. Phys. 10, 093024.
Lee, K., Cha, Y.H., Shin, M.S., Kim, B.H. & Kim, D. (2003 a). Relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering as attosecond x-ray source. Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502.
Lee, K., Cha, Y.H., Shin, M.S., Kim, B.H. & Kim, D. (2003 b). Temporal and spatial characterization of harmonics structures of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering. Opt. Express 11, 309316.
Leubner, C. (1981 a). Spectral and Angular Distribution of Synchro-compton Radiation in a Linearly Polarized Vacuum Wave of Arbitrary Intensity. Astron. Astrophys. 96, 373379.
Leubner, C. (1981 b). Uniform asymptotic expansion of a class of generalized Bessel functions occurring in the study of fundamental scattering processes in intense laser fields. Phys. Rev. A 23, 28772890.
Liu, L., Xia, C.Q., Liu, J.S., Wang, W.T., Cai, Y., Wang, C., Li, R.X. & Xu, Z.Z. (2008). Control of single attosecond pulse generation from the reflection of a synthesized relativistic laser pulse on a solid surface. Phys. Plasmas 15, 103107.
Liu, J.S., Xia, C.Q., Liu, L.Li, R.X. & Xu, Z.Z. (2009). Nonlinear Thomson backscattering of intense laser pulses by electrons trapped in plasma-vacuum boundary. Laser Part. Beams DOI: 10.1017/S0263034609000287.
Paul, P.M., Toma, E.S., Breger, P., Mullot, G., Augé, F., Balcou, Ph., Muller, H.G. & Agostini, P. (2001). Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation. Sci. 292, 16891692.
Puntajer, A.K. & Leubner, C. (1989). Asymmetries in intense laser-free-electron scattering. Opt. Commun. 73, 153157.
Salamin, Y.I., Hu, S.X., Hatsagortsyan, K.Z. & Keitel, C.H. (2006). Relativistic high-power laser-matter interactions. Phys. Rep. 427, 41155.
Tian, Y., Yu, W., He, F., Xu, H., Senecha, V., Deng, D., Wang, Y., Li, R. & Xu, Z. (2006). Electron dynamics and harmonics emission spectra due to electron oscillation driven by intense laser pulses. Phys. Plasmas 13, 123106.
Tomassini, P., Giulietti, A., Giulietti, D. & Gizzi, L.A. (2005). Thomson backscattering X-rays from ultra-relativistic electron bunches and temporally shaped laser pulses. Appl. Phys. B 80, 419436.
Tsakiris, G.D., Eidmann, K., Meyer-ter-Vehn, J. & Krausz, F. (2006). Route to intense single attosecond pulses. New J. Phys. 8, 19.
Varró, S. (2007). Linear and nonlinear absolute phase effects in interactions of ulrashort laser pulses with a metal nano-layer or with a thin plasma layer. Laser Part. Beams 25, 379390.


Generation of attosecond X-ray pulses via Thomson scattering of counter-propagating laser pulses

  • L. Liu (a1), C.-Q. Xia (a1), J.-S. Liu (a1), W.-T. Wang (a1), Y. Cai (a1), C. Wang (a1), R.-X. Li (a1) and Z.-Z. Xu (a1)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed