Skip to main content Accessibility help

Distribution and abundance of nearctic–neotropical songbird migrants in a forest restoration site in southern Costa Rica

  • J. Leighton Reid (a1), J. Berton C. Harris (a2), Laura J. Martin (a3), Jacob R. Barnett (a4) and Rakan A. Zahawi (a5)...


Many ecological relationships that are inherently reciprocal are often studied from one perspective only (Agrawal et al. 2007). One example is the interaction between tropical forests and nearctic-neotropical migratory songbirds (hereafter migrants). Several studies have determined that some migrant populations are limited by conditions at their tropical wintering grounds in Central America, South America and the Caribbean (Marra et al. 1998, Mills 2006); however, the ecological role of migrants in these tropical forests is poorly understood.


Corresponding author

1Corresponding author. Email:


Hide All
AGRAWAL, A. A., ACKERLY, D. D., ADLER, F., ARNOLD, A. E., CÁCERES, C., DOAK, D. F., POST, E., HUDSON, P. J., MARON, J., MOONEY, K. A., POWER, M., SCHEMSKE, D., STACHOWICZ, J., STRAUSS, S., TURNER, M. G. & WERNER, E. 2007. Filling key gaps in population and community ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:145152.
BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL. 2006. Conservando las aves migratorias Neotropicales en los Andes tropicales. Birdlife International and Fish and Wildlife Service, Quito. 112 pp.
BLAKE, J. G. & LOISELLE, B. A. 1992. Fruits in the diets of Neotropical migrant birds in Costa Rica. Biotropica 24:200210.
DICKINSON, E. C. (ed.). 2003. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. (Third edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton. 1056 pp.
GALINDO-GONZÁLEZ, J., GUEVARA, S. & SOSA, V. J. 2000. Bird- and bat-generated seed rains at isolated trees in pastures in a tropical rainforest. Conservation Biology 14:16931703.
GREENBERG, R. 1981. Frugivory in some migrant tropical forest wood warblers. Biotropica 13:215223.
HOLL, K. D. 1999. Factors limiting tropical rain forest regeneration in abandoned pasture: seed rain, seed germination, microclimate, and soil. Biotropica 31:229242.
HOWE, H. F. & DE STEVEN, D. 1979. Fruit production, migrant bird visitation, and seed dispersal of Guarea glabra in Panama. Oecologia 39:185196.
HUTTO, R. L. 1980. Winter habitat distribution of migratory landbirds in western Mexico, with special reference to small, foliage-gleaning insectivores. Pp. 181203 in Keast, A. & Morton, S. (eds.). Migrant birds in the neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution, and conservation. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 576 pp.
JONES, J., BARG, J. J., SILLETT, T. S., VEIT, M. L. & ROBERTSON, R. J. 2004. Minimum estimates of survival and population growth for Cerulean Warblers (Dendroica cerulea) breeding in Ontario, Canada. Auk 121:1522.
JOST, L. 2006. Entropy and diversity. Oikos 113:363375.
KARR, J. R. 1976. On the relative abundance of migrants from the north temperate zone in tropical habitats. Wilson Bulletin 88:433458.
LEVEY, D. J. 1988. Spatial and temporal variation in Costa Rican fruit and fruit-eating bird abundance. Ecological Monographs 58:251269.
LINDELL, C. A. 2008. The value of animal behavior in evaluations of restoration success. Restoration Ecology 16:197203.
MARRA, P. P., HOBSON, K. A. & HOLMES, R. T. 1998. Linking winter and summer events in a migratory bird by using stable-carbon isotopes. Science 282:18841886.
MARTIN, T. E. 1985. Selection of second-growth woodlands by frugivorous migrating birds in Panama: an effect of fruit size and plant density? Journal of Tropical Ecology 1:157170.
MEDELLÍN, R. A. & GAONA, O. 1999. Seed dispersal by bats and birds in forest and disturbed habitats of Chiapas, Mexico. Biotropica 31:478485.
MILLS, A. M. 2006. Winter range compression of migrants in Central America. Journal of Avian Biology 37:4151.
MORTON, E. S. 1971. Food and migration habits of the Eastern Kingbird in Panama. Auk 88:925926.
PEJCHAR, L., PRINGLE, R. M., RANGANATHAN, J., ZOOK, J. R., DURAN, G., OVIEDO, F. & DAILY, G. C. Birds as agents of seed dispersal in a human-dominated landscape in southern Costa Rica. Biological Conservation (in press).
ROBBINS, C. S., SAUER, J. R., GREENBERG, R. S. & DROEGE, S. 1989. Population declines in North American birds that migrate to the neotropics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 86:76587662.
SMITH, A. L., ORTIZ, J. S. & ROBERTSON, R. J. 2001. Distribution patterns of migrant and resident birds in successional forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Biotropica 33:153170.
STILES, F. G. & SKUTCH, A. F. 1989. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. 656 pp.
WERNER, F. R. 2004. Seed dispersal by birds in active and abandoned pastures in Costa Rica: implications for tropical forest regeneration. M.S. Thesis. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.


Distribution and abundance of nearctic–neotropical songbird migrants in a forest restoration site in southern Costa Rica

  • J. Leighton Reid (a1), J. Berton C. Harris (a2), Laura J. Martin (a3), Jacob R. Barnett (a4) and Rakan A. Zahawi (a5)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed