Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Annual flooding, survival and recruitment in a rodent population from the Niger River plain in Mali

  • Laurent Crespin (a1), Yves Papillon (a1), Doukary Abdoulaye (a1), Laurent Granjon (a1) and Bruno Sicard (a1)...

Abstract

Multimammate rats of the genus Mastomys are among the most widespread pest species in Africa. Previous studies of Mastomys population dynamics have generally reported variation in abundance but few have investigated the demographic parameters underlying this variation, and in particular recruitment. Capture-mark-recapture data were collected for Mastomys erythroleucus several times a year from 2000 to 2004 at a site annually flooded by the Niger River in Mali. Closed-population models were used to estimate population abundance. Both seniority (a parameter inversely linked to recruitment) and survival probabilities were estimated by capture-mark-recapture models. The impacts of water level, population abundance and cumulative rainfall were assessed for each demographic parameter. Survival probabilities (local survival) were negatively correlated with water level, suggesting that rodents emigrated out of the study zone during flooding. As for seniority probabilities, 86% of temporal variation was explained by a model with season, abundance, water level and the interaction between abundance and water level. This suggests that density-dependence in recruitment was mediated by intraspecific competition for food or refuge from floodwaters, or by predation. The flood of the Niger River greatly impacts Mastomys erythroleucus population dynamics, affecting both survival and seniority probabilities.

Copyright

Corresponding author

1Corresponding author. Email: laurent.crespin@ua.ac.be

References

Hide All
AARS, J. & IMS, R. A. 2002. Intrinsic and climatic determinants of population demography: the winter dynamic of tundra voles. Ecology 83:34493456.
ADLER, G. H. & LAMBERT, T. D. 1997. Ecological correlates of trap response of a neotropical forest rodent Proechimys semispinosus. Journal of Tropical Biology 13:5968.
ANDERSON, K. H. & SHAPIRO, J. 1957. The effects of flooding on a small marsh in Central Connecticut. American Midland Naturalist 57:483492.
ANIMAL CARE AND USE COMMITTEE. 1998. Guidelines for the capture, handling, and care of mammals as approved by the American Society of Mammalogists. Journal of Mammalogy 79:14161431.
BATZLI, G. O. 1977. Population dynamics of the White-footed Mouse in floodplain and upland forests. American Midland Naturalist 97:1832.
BATZLI, G. O. 1983. Responses of Artic rodent populations to nutritional factors. Oikos 40:396406.
BERRYMAN, A. A. 1999. Principles of population dynamics and their application. Stanley Thornes Publishers Ltd., Cheltenham. 243 pp.
BONDRUP-NIELSEN, S. & IMS, R. A. 1986. Reproduction and spacing behaviour of females in a peak density population of Clethrionomys glareolus. Holarctic Ecology 9:109112.
BOULANGER, J. G. & KREBS, C. J. 1996. Robustness of capture-recapture estimators to sample biases in a cyclic snowshoe hare population. Journal of Applied Ecology 33:530542.
BOUTIN, S. 1990. Food supplementation experiments with terrestrial vertebrates: patterns, problems, and the future. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:203220.
BROWN, J. H., WHITMAN, T. G., ERNEST, S. K. M. & GEHRING, C. A. 2001. Complex species interactions and the dynamics of ecological systems: long-term experiments. Science 293:643650.
BROWN, P. R. & SINGLETON, G. R. 1999. Rate of increase as a function of rainfall for house mouse Mus domesticus populations in a cereal-growing region in southern Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology 36:484493.
BURNHAM, K. P. & ANDERSON, D. R. 1998. Model selection and inference: A practical information-theoretic approach. Springer-Verlag, New York. 353 pp.
CHAMBERLAIN, M. J. & LEOPOLD, B. D. 2003. Effects of flooding on relative abundance and diversity of small mammals in a regenerating bottomland hardwood forest. The Southwestern Naturalist 48:306309.
CRESPIN, L. & LIMA, M. 2006. Supervivencia adulta y dinámica poblacional del lauchón orejudo Phyllotis darwini en Chile Central. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 79:295308.
CROXALL, J. P. & ROTHERY, P. 1991. Population regulation of seabirds: implications of their demography for conservation. Pp. 272295 in Perrins, C. M., Lebreton, J. -D. & Hirons, G. J. M. (eds.). Bird population studies: relevance to conservation and management. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
DESY, E. A., BATZLI, G. O. & LIU, J. 1990. Effects of food and predation on behaviour of prairie voles: a field experiment. Oikos 58:159168.
DUPLANTIER, J.-M. 1988. Biologie évolutive de populations du genre Mastomys (Rongeur, Muridé) au Sénégal. Unpublished thesis, University of Montpellier, 215 pp.
DUPLANTIER, J.-M. & , K. 2001. Swimming ability in six West-African rodent species under laboratory conditions. Pp 331342 in Denys, C., Granjon, L. & Poulet, A. (eds.). African small mammals. IRD Editions, Paris. 370 pp.
ERB, J., BOYCE, M. S. & STENSETH, N. C. 2001. Population dynamics of large and small mammals. Oikos 92:312.
FOURNIER-CHAMBRILLON, C., FOURNIER, P., GAILLARD, J.-M., GENTY, P., HANSEN, E. & VIÉ, J.-C. 2000. Mammal trap efficiency during the fragmentation by flooding of a neotropical rain forest in French Guiana. Journal of Tropical Ecology 16:841851.
GIMENEZ, O., LEBRETON, J.-D. & CHOQUET, R. 2003. Parameter redundancy in multistate capture-recapture model. Biometrical Journal 45:704722.
GRANJON, L. 1987. Evolution allopatrique chez les Muridés: mécanismes éco-éthologiques lies au syndrome d'insularité chez Mastomys et Rattus. Unpublished thesis, University of Montpellier, 163 pp.
GRANJON, L. & DUPLANTIER, J.-M. 1993. Social structure in synanthropic populations of a murid rodent Mastomys natalensis in Senegal. Acta Theriologica 38:3947.
GRANJON, L., GANEM, G., BA, K. & DUPLANTIER, J.-M. 1994. Water physiology and population dynamics in insular populations of Mastomys huberti (Rodentia, Muridae). Polish Ecological Studies 20:343355.
GRANJON, L., COSSON, J.-F., QUESSEVEUR, E. & SICARD, B. 2005. Population dynamics of the multimammate rat Mastomys huberti in an annually flooded agricultural region in Central Mali. Journal of Mammalogy 86:9971008.
GRATZ, N. 1997. The burden of rodent-borne diseases in Africa south of the Sahara. Belgian Journal Zoology (suppl.) 127:7184.
HAFERKORN, J. 1994. Population ecology of small mammals in a floodplain forest in the central part of the Elbe River. Polish Ecological Studies 20:187191.
HALVORSON, C. H. 1982. Rodent occurrence, habitat disturbance, and seed fall in a larch-fir forest. Ecology 63:423433.
HAMMOND, E. L. & ANTHONY, R. G. 2006. Mark-recapture estimates of population parameters for selected species of small mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 87:618627.
HOLMGREN, M., STAPP, P., DICKMAN, C. R., GRACIA, C., GRAHAM, S., GUTIÉRREZ, J. R., HICE, C., JAKSIC, F., KELT, D. A., LETNIC, M., LIMA, M., LÓPEZ, B. C., MESERVE, P. L., MILSTEAD, W. B., POLIS, G. A., PREVITALI, M. A., RICHTER, M., SABATÉ, S. & SAQUEO, F. A. 2006. Extreme climatic events shape arid and semi arid ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 4:8795.
HUBERT, B. 1982. Dynamique des populations de deux espèces de Rongeurs du Sénégal; Mastomys erythroleucus et Taterillus gracilis. I. Etude démographique. Mammalia 46:137160.
HUBERT, B. & ADAM, F. 1981. Cycle annuel du régime alimentaire des trois principales espèces de rongeurs (Rodentia; Gerbillidae et Muridae) de Bandia (Sénégal). Mammalia 45:120.
HUBERT, B., ADAM, F. & POULET, A. 1978. Modeling of the population cycles of two rodents in Senegal. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History 6:8891.
IMS, R. A. & ANDREASSEN, H. P. 2000. Spatial synchronization of vole population dynamics by predatory birds. Nature 408:194196.
JACOB, J. 2003. The response of small mammal populations to flooding. Mammalian Biology 68:102111.
JULLIARD, R., LEIRS, H., STENSETH, N. C., YOCCOZ, N. G., PREVOT-JULLIARD, A. C., VERHAGEN, R. & VERHEYEN, W. 1999. Survival-variation within and between functional categories of the African multimammate rat. Journal of Animal Ecology 68:550561.
KARANTH, K. U. & NICHOLS, J. D. 1998. Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology 79:28522862.
KENDALL, W. L., POLLOCK, K. H. & BROWNIE, C. 1995. A likelihood-based approach to capture-recapture estimation of demographic parameters under the robust design. Biometrics 51:293308.
KLINGER, R. 2006. The interaction of disturbances and small mammal community dynamics in a lowland forest in Belize. Journal of Animal Ecology 75:12271238.
KREBS, C. J. 1966. Demographic changes in fluctuating populations of Microtus californicus. Ecological Monographs 68:571594.
LEBRETON, J.-D., BURNHAM, K. P., CLOBERT, J. & ANDERSON, D. R. 1992. Modeling survival and testing biological hypotheses using marked animals, a unified approach with case studies. Ecological Monographs 62:67118.
LEIRS, H. 1995. Population ecology of Mastomys natalensis Smith, 1834 – Implications for rodent control in Africa. Belgian Administration for Development Cooperation, Brussels. 268 pp.
LEIRS, H. 2003. Management of rodents in crops: the Pied Piper and his orchestra. Pp. 183190 in Singleton, G. R., Hinds, L. A., Krebs, C. J. & Spratt, D. M. (eds). Rats, mice and people: rodent biology and management. ACIAR, Canberra.
LEIRS, H. in press. Genus Mastomys. Pp. in Happold, D. C. D. (ed.). Mammals of Africa, Volume 4: Rodentia. Academic Press, London.
LEIRS, H., VERHAGEN, R. & VERHEYEN, W. 1994. The basis of reproductive seasonality in Mastomys rats (Rodentia: Muridae) in Tanzania. Journal of Tropical Ecology 10:5566.
LEIRS, H, STENSETH, N. C., NICHOLS, J. D., HINES, J. E., VERHAGEN, R. & VERHEYEN, W. 1997. Stochastic seasonality and nonlinear density-dependent factors regulate population size in an African rodent. Nature 389:176180.
LIMA, M., JULLIARD, R., STENSETH, N. C. & JAKSIC, F. 2001. Demographic dynamics of a neotropical small rodent (Phyllotis darwini): feedback structure, predation and climatic factors. Journal of Animal Ecology 70:761775.
LIMA, M., STENSETH, N. C., LEIRS, H. & JAKSIC, F. M. 2003. Population dynamics of small mammals in semi-arid regions: a comparative study of within-year demographic variability in two rodent species. Proceedings of the Royal Society, series B 270:19972007.
MADSEN, T., UJVARI, B., SHINE, R. & OLSSON, M. 2006. Rain, rats and pythons: climate-driven population dynamics of predators and preys in tropical Australia. Austral Ecology 31:3037.
MENKINS, G. E. & ANDERSON, S. H. 1988. Estimation of small-mammal population size. Ecology 69:19521959.
MESERVE, P. L., MILSTEAD, W. B. & GUTIÉRREZ, J. R. 2001. Results of a food addition experiment in a north-central Chile small mammal assemblage: evidence for the role of “bottom-up” factors. Oikos 94:548556.
NICHOLS, J. D., HINES, J. E., LEBRETON, J.-D. & PRADEL, R. 2000. The relative contributions of demographic components to population growth: a direct estimation approach based on reverse-time capture-recapture. Ecology 81:33623376.
OSTFELD, R. S. & CANHAM, C. D. 1995. Density-dependent processes in meadow voles: an experimental approach. Ecology 76:521532.
POLLOCK, K. H. 1982. A capture-recapture sampling design robust to unequal catchability. Journal of Wildlife Management 46:752757.
PRADEL, R. 1993. Flexibility in survival analysis from recapture data, handling trap-dependence. Pp. 2937 in Lebreton, J. D. & North, P. M. (eds.). Marked individuals in the study of bird population. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel. 397 pp.
PRADEL, R., GIMENEZ, O. & LEBRETON, J.-D. 2005. Principles and interest of GOF tests for multistate capture-recapture models. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 28:189204.
PRÉVÔT-JULLIARD, A.-C., HENTTONEN, H., YOCCOZ, N. G. & STENSETH, N. C. 1999. Delayed maturation in female bank voles: optimal decision or social constraint? Journal of Animal Ecology 68:684697.
SKALSKI, J. R., HOFFMANN, A. & SMITH, S. G. 1993. Testing the significance of individual- and cohort-level covariates in animal survival studies. Pp. 928 in Lebreton, J. D. & North, P. M. (eds.). Marked individuals in the study of bird population. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel.
SLUYDTS, V., CRESPIN, L., DAVIS, S., LIMA, M. & LEIRS, H. 2007. Survival and maturation rates of the African rodent, Mastomys natalensis: density-dependence and rainfall. Integrative Zoology 2:220232.
STENSETH, N. C. 1999. Population cycles in voles and lemmings: density-dependence and phase dependence in a stochastic world. Oikos 87:427461.
TELFER, S., BENNETT, M., BOWN, K. J., CAVANAGH, R., CRESPIN, L., HAZEL, S., JONES, T. & BEGON, M. 2002. The effects of cowpox virus on survival in natural rodent populations: increases and decreases. Journal of Animal Ecology 71:558568.
WHITE, G. C. & BURNHAM, K. P. 1999. Program MARK, survival estimation from populations of marked animals. Bird Study 46:120139.
YUNGER, J. A. 2002. Response of two low-density populations of Peromyscus leucopus to increased food availability. Journal of Mammalogy 83:267279.
ZHANG, M., WANG, K., WANG, Y., GUO, C., LI, B. & HUANG, H. 2007. Recovery of a rodent community in an agro-system after flooding. Journal of Zoology 272:138147.

Keywords

Annual flooding, survival and recruitment in a rodent population from the Niger River plain in Mali

  • Laurent Crespin (a1), Yves Papillon (a1), Doukary Abdoulaye (a1), Laurent Granjon (a1) and Bruno Sicard (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed