1Fletcher, J., “The Mongols: Ecological and Social Perspectives”, Harvard Journal of Asiatic StudiesXLVI (1986), p. 27.
2 It may be found in Song Lian 宋濂 et al. (eds.), Yuan Shi 元史, (Beijing, 1976), vii, juan 卷 86, p. 2175.
3Yuan Shi 元史, xv, juan 卷 203, p. 4544.
4 Jennifer Jay has said that it is impossible to be sure whether it is a forgery or not; Jay, J. W., “Memoirs and Official Accounts: The Historiography of the Song Loyalists”, Harvard Journal of Asiatic StudiesL (1990), p. 602. In view of its bizarre alleged provenance, I would suggest that the question should be whether there is any good evidence that it is genuine; the answer is, that there is not.
5 As has been noted by Sen, Tansen, “The Yuan Khanate and India: Cross-Cultural Diplomacy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries”, Asia Major, 3rd Series, XIX (2006), p. 314.
6 For this and more examples, see Haw, S. G., Marco Polo's China: a Venetian in the realm of Khubilai Khan, (Abingdon and New York, 2006), pp. 63–64, 67.
7Janicsek, S., “Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's Journey to Bulghār: Is It a Fabrication?”, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, (1929), pp. 791–800.
8Elad, A., “The Description of the Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa in Palestine: Is It Original?”, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, (1987), pp. 256–272.
9Euben, R. L., Journeys to the Other Shore: Muslim and Western Travelers in Search of Knowledge (Princeton and Oxford, 2006), p. 65.
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