Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Temporal changes of the fish community in a seagrass bed after disappearance of vegetation caused by disturbance of the sea bottom and sediment deposition

  • Kentaro Yoshikawa (a1), Takeshi Tomiyama (a1) and Jun Shoji (a1)

Abstract

To investigate the response of the fish community structure to a natural disturbance in their habitat, fish abundance, biomass and species composition were analysed in relation to temporal variability of environmental conditions in a seagrass Zostera marina bed. A total of 3024 fishes belonging to 46 taxa (22 families) were collected by quantitative sampling for 10 years from 2007 to 2016 in the Seto Inland Sea, south-western Japan. Seagrass shoot density decreased to less than 1/20 of its original density after disappearance of vegetation caused by heavy rain in the autumn of 2011 and the area did not recover for the next five years. In order to analyse temporal changes of fish community, the fishes were divided into three groups depending on their habitats or lifestyles: pelagic or migratory species (PM), sand or mud bottom-associated species (SM) and seagrass (Z. marina) – or substrate (rocky bottom including macrophytes) – associated species (ZS). Multiple regression analysis showed seagrass shoot density had the most significant effect on biomass of ZS among the three groups, with higher fish biomass under higher seagrass shoot density. Fish community composition changed after the disappearance of the seagrass vegetation coverage with an increase in abundance of SM during the five years of the post-disturbance period. Seagrass vegetation was concluded to affect temporal change of fish community structure through a stronger influence on fish species that are more dependent on seagrass beds as habitat.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Kentaro Yoshikawa, E-mail: m182767@hiroshima-u.ac.jp

Footnotes

Hide All
*

Present address: Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8564, Japan

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Atwater, BF and Moore, AL (1992) A tsunami about 1000 years ago in Puget Sound, Washington. Science 258, 16141617.
Beck, MW, Heck, KL, Able, KW, Childers, DL, Eggleston, DB, Gillanders, BM, Halpern, B, Hays, CG, Hoshino, K, Minello, TJ, Orth, RJ, Sheridan, PF and Weinstein, MP (2001) The identification, conservation, and management of estuarine and marine nurseries for fish and invertebrates. Bioscience 51, 633641.
Boström, C, Jackson, EL and Simenstad, CA (2006) Seagrass landscapes and their effects on associated fauna: a review. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 68, 383403.
Clarke, KR (1993) Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology 18, 117143.
Costanza, R, d'Arge, R, de Groot, R, Farber, S, Grasso, M, Hannon, B, Limburg, K, Naeem, S, O'Neill, RV, Paruelo, J, Raskin, RG, Sutton, P and Van den Belt, M (1997) The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387, 253260.
Dorenbosch, M, Grol, MGG, Christianen, MJA, Nagelkerken, I and Van Der Velde, G (2005). Indo-Pacific seagrass beds and mangroves contribute to fish density and diversity on adjacent coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 302, 6376.
Dorenbosch, M, Grol, MGG, Nagelkerken, I and Van der Velde, G (2006). Different surrounding landscapes may result in different fish assemblages in East African seagrass beds. Hydrobiologia 563, 4560.
Ellison, AM, Bank, MS, Clinton, BD, Colburn, EA, Elliott, K, Ford, CR and Mohan, J (2005) Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3, 479486.
Ferrel, DJ and Bell, JD (1991) Differences among assemblages of fish associated with Zostera capricorni and bare sand over a large spatial scale. Marine Ecology Progress Series 72, 1524.
Field, JG, Clarke, KR and Warwick, RM (1982) A practical strategy for analysing multispecies distribution patterns. Marine Ecology Progress Series 8, 3752.
Foster, DR, Knight, DH and Franklin, JF (1998) Landscape patterns and legacies resulting from large, infrequent forest disturbances. Ecosystems 1, 497510.
Grol, MG, Nagelkerken, I, Rypel, AL and Layman, CA (2011) Simple ecological trade-offs give rise to emergent cross-ecosystem distributions of a coral reef fish. Oecologia 165, 7988.
Heck, KL, Able, KW, Fahay, MP and Roman, CT (1989) Fishes and decapod crustaceans of Cape Cod eelgrass meadows: species composition, seasonal abundance patterns and comparison with unvegetated substrates. Estuaries 12, 5965.
Hori, M, Suzuki, T, Monthum, Y, Srisombat, T, Tanaka, Y, Nakaoka, M and Mukai, H (2009) High seagrass diversity and canopy-height increase associated fish diversity and abundance. Marine Biology 156, 14471458.
Hughes, JE, Deegan, LA, Wyda, JC, Weaver, MJ and Wright, A (2002) The effects of eelgrass habitat loss on estuarine fish communities of southern New England. Estuaries 25, 235249.
Jaramillo, E, Dugan, JE, Hubbard, DM, Melnick, D, Manzano, M, Duarte, C, Campos, C and Sanchez, R (2012) Ecological implications of extreme events: footprints of the 2010 earthquake along the Chilean coast. PLoS ONE 7, e35348.
Jelbart, JE, Ross, PM and Connolly, RM (2007) Patterns of small fish distributions in seagrass beds in a temperate Australian estuary. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 87, 12971307.
Johnson, EA and Miyanishi, K (2010) Plant Disturbance Ecology: The Process and the Response. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Kamimura, Y and Shoji, J (2009) Seasonal changes in the fish assemblage in a mixed vegetation area of seagrass and macroalgae in the central Seto Inland Sea. Aquaculture Science 57, 233241.
Kamimura, Y and Shoji, J (2013) Effects of vegetation coverage on post-settlement growth, survival and recruitment potential of juvenile black rockfish Sebastes cheni in a macroalgal bed. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 129, 8693.
Kamimura, Y, Kasai, A and Shoji, J (2011) Production and prey source of juvenile black rockfish Sebastes cheni in a seagrass and macroalgal bed in the Seto Inland Sea, Japan: estimation of the economic value of a nursery. Aquatic Ecology 45, 367376.
Kamimura, Y, Kawane, M, Hamaguchi, M and Shoji, J (2013) Age and growth of three rockfish species, Sebastes inermis, S. ventricosus and S. cheni, in the central Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Ichthyological Research 61, 108114.
Kuwae, T and Hori, M (2019) Blue Carbon in Shallow Coastal Ecosystems: Carbon Dynamics, Policy, and Implementation. Singapore: Springer.
Larkum, AWD, Orth, RJ and Duarte, CM (2007) Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation. Dordrecht: Springer.
Mohri, K, Kamimura, Y, Mizuno, K, Kinoshita, H, Toshito, S and Shoji, J (2013) Seasonal changes in the fish assemblage in a seagrass bed in the central Seto Inland Sea. Aquaculture Science 61, 215220.
Muraoka, D, Tamaki, H, Takami, H, Kurita, Y and Kawamura, T (2017) Effects of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami on two kelp bed communities on the Sanriku coast. Fisheries Oceanography 22, 128140.
Nakabo, T (2013) Fishes of Japan: With Pictorial Keys to the Species, 3nd Edn. Tokyo: Tokai University Press.
Nakaoka, M and Aioi, K (2001) Ecology of seagrasses Zostera spp. (Zosteraceae) in Japanese waters: a review. Otsuchi Marine Science 26, 722.
Nakaoka, M, Tanaka, Y, Mukai, H, Suzuki, T and Aryuthata, C (2006) Tsunami impacts on biodiversity of seagrass communities in the Andaman Sea, Thailand: (1) Seagrass abundance and diversity. The Nagisa World Congress 8, 4956.
Noda, T, Hamaguchi, H, Fujinami, Y, Shimizu, D, Aono, H, Nagakura, Y, Fukuta, A, Nakano, H, Kamimura, Y and Shoji, J (2017) Impact of the tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on seagrass beds and fish communities in Miyako Bay, Japan. Coastal Ecosystems 4, 1225.
Nyström, M, Folke, C and Moberg, F (2000) Coral reef disturbance and resilience in a human-dominated environment. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 15, 413417.
Orth, RJ, Carruthers, TJB, Dennison, WC, Duarte, CM, Fourqurean, JW, Heck, KL, Huches, AR Jr., Kendrick, GA, Kenworthy, WJ, Olyarnik, S, Short, FT, Waycott, M and Williams, SL (2006) A global crisis for seagrass ecosystems. Bioscience 56, 987996.
Raventos, N, Ferrari, B and Planes, S (2009) Differences in population parameters and behaviour of the herbivorous fish Sarpa salpa between protected and unprotected seagrass meadows in the north-western Mediterranean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 89, 11531159.
Schubel, JR (1968) Turbidity maximum of the northern Chesapeake Bay. Science 161, 10131015.
Seike, K, Shirai, K and Kogure, Y (2013) Disturbance of shallow marine soft-bottom environments and megabenthos assemblages by a huge tsunami induced by the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. PLoS ONE 8, e65417.
Shoji, J and Morimoto, M (2016) Changes in fish community in seagrass beds in Mangoku-ura Bay from 2009 to 2014, the period before and after the tsunami following the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake. Journal of Oceanography 72, 9198.
Shoji, J, Mitamura, H, Ichikawa, K, Kinoshita, H and Arai, N (2017). Increase in predation risk and trophic level induced by nocturnal visits of piscivorous fishes in a temperate seagrass bed. Scientific Reports 7, 3895.
Takami, H, Won, NI and Kawamura, T (2013) Impacts of the 2011 mega-earthquake and tsunami on abalone Haliotis discus hannai and sea urchin Strongylocentrotus nudus populations at Oshika Peninsula, Miyagi, Japan. Fisheries Oceanography 22, 113120.
Turner, M (2010) Disturbance and landscape dynamics in a changing world. Ecology 91, 28332849.
Valiela, I, Foreman, K, LaMontagne, M, Hersh, D, Costa, J, Peckol, P, DeMeo-Anderson, B, D'Avanzo, C, Babione, M, Sham, CH, Brawley, J and Lajtha, K (1992) Couplings of watersheds and coastal waters: sources and consequences of nutrient enrichment in Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts. Estuaries 15, 443457.
Warwick, RM and Clarke, KR (2001) Practical measures of marine biodiversity based on relatedness of species. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 39, 207231.
Waycott, M, Duarte, CM, Carruthers, TJB, Orth, RJ, Dennison, WC, Olyarnik, S, Calladine, A, Fourqurean, JW, Heck, KL Jr., Hughes, AR, Kendrick, GA, Kenworthy, WJ, Short, FT and Williams, SL (2009) Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106, 1237712381.
Whanpetch, N, Nakaoka, M, Mukai, H, Suzuki, T, Nojima, S, Kawai, T and Aryuthaka, C (2010) Temporal changes in benthic communities of seagrass beds impacted by a tsunami in the Andaman Sea, Thailand. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 87, 246252.
Yamaki, K, Ogawa, H, Yoshikawa, H and Nanba, N (2006) Effects of salinity and temperature on the germination activation of eelgrass seeds. Aquaculture Science 54, 347351.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Yoshikawa et al. supplementary material
Yoshikawa et al. supplementary material

 Word (14 KB)
14 KB

Temporal changes of the fish community in a seagrass bed after disappearance of vegetation caused by disturbance of the sea bottom and sediment deposition

  • Kentaro Yoshikawa (a1), Takeshi Tomiyama (a1) and Jun Shoji (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed