Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Species diversity, community structure and distribution of phytoplankton in the Changjiang estuary during dry and flood periods

  • P.Y. Guo (a1), H.T. Shen (a2) and J.H. Wang (a3)

Abstract

This paper reports on the phytoplankton community, its composition, structure and distribution in Changjiang estuary from February 1999 to March 2000. Two hundred and eight species were identified in the dry and flood periods. Diatoms, with 143 species observed, was the most abundant phytoplankton group, accounting for 68.75% of the total phytoplankton species number. Skeletonema costatum was dominant among all the species. The phytoplankton of Changjiang estuary in China was divided into five ecological categories: freshwater species, estuary brackish water species, inshore low salinity species, inshore widespread species and off-sea high salinity species. During the dry period, the major phytoplankton populations in the surface layer were estuary inshore and offshore populations, distinguished from the composition of the bottom layer. The community structure was similar in the two layers during the flood period. The phytoplankton species diversity was calculated for Simpson, Shannon–Weaver diversity and evenness indices, and found to be higher in the dry period, due to the simple dominant species and low spatial heterogeneity in the flood period. Higher phytoplankton abundance was observed in the surface layer during the flood period. The phytoplankton species distribution, coinciding with the dominant species distribution, varied with salinity, and their abundance correlated significantly with nutrients and light.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Peiyong Guo, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, College of Chemical Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China email: peiyongguo@126.com

References

Hide All
Ahmed, A., Hoque, S., Ohlson, M., Akanda, M.A.S. and Moula, M.G. (2010) Phytoplankton standing crop and its diversity in the Buragauranga River Estuary in relation to chemical environment. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 39, 143151.
Altman, J.C. and Paerl, H.W. (2012) Composition of inorganic and organic nutrient sources influences phytoplankton community structure in the New River estuary, North Carolina. Aquatic Ecology 46, 269282.
Badylak, S., Phlips, E.J., Baker, P., Fajans, J. and Boler, R. (2007) Distributions of phytoplankton in Tampa Bay Estuary, USA 2002–2003. Bulletin of Marine Science 80, 295317.
Boyer, J.N., Kelble, C.R., Ortner, P.B. and Rudnick, D.T. (2009) Phytoplankton bloom status: Chlorophyll a biomass as an indicator of water quality condition in the southern estuaries of Florida, USA. Ecological Indicators S9, 5667.
Buric, Z., Cetinić, L., Viličić, D., Mihalić, K.C., Carić, M. and Olujić, G. (2007) Spatial and temporal distribution of phytoplankton in a highly stratified estuary (Zrmanja, Adriatic Sea). Marine Ecology 28 (Suppl. 1), 169177.
Choudhury, A.K. and Pal, R. (2011) Variations in seasonal phytoplankton assemblages as a response to environmental changes in the surface waters of a hypo saline coastal station along the Bhagirathi–Hooghly estuary. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 179, 531553.
Costa, L.S., Huszar, V.L.M. and Ovalle, A.R. (2009) Phytoplankton functional groups in a tropical estuary: hydrological control and nutrient limitation. Estuaries and Coasts 32, 508521.
Domingues, RB., Anselmo, T.P., Barbosa, A.B., Sommer, U. and Galvão, H.M. (2011a) Light as a driver of phytoplankton growth and production in the freshwater tidal zone of a turbid estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 91, 526535.
Domingues, R.B., Anselmo, T.P., Barbosa, A.B., Sommer, U. and Galvao, H.M. (2011b) Nutrient limitation of phytoplankton growth in the freshwater tidal zone of a turbid, Mediterranean estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 91, 282297.
Gameiro, C. and Brotas, V. (2010) Patterns of phytoplankton variability in the Tagus Estuary (Portugal). Estuaries and Coasts 33, 311323.
Gao, X.L. and Song, J.M. (2005) Phytoplankton distributions and their relationship with the environment in the Changjiang Estuary, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50, 327335.
González del Río, J., Romero, I., Falco, S., Rodilla, M., Saez, M., Sierra, J.P., Sánchez-Arcilla, A. and Mösso, C. (2007) Changes in phytoplankton population along the saline gradient of the Jucar Estuary and plume. Journal of Coastal Research 47(S1), 6368.
Gu, X.G., Yuan, Q., Sheng, H.T. and Zhou, Y.Q. (1995a) The ecological study on phytoplankton in maximun turbid zone of Changjiang Estuary. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China 2, 1627.
Gu, X.G., Yuan, Q., Yang, J.W. and Hua, D. (1995b) An ecological study on phytoplankton in frontal region of Changjiang estuarine area. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China 2, 115.
Guinder, V.A., Popovich, C.A., Molinero, J.C. and Perillo, G.M.E. (2010) Long-term changes in phytoplankton phenology and community structure in the Bahia Blanca Estuary, Argentina. Marine Biology 157, 27032716.
Guo, Y.J. and Yang, Z.Y. (1992) Quantitative variation and ecological analysis of phytoplankton in the estuarine area of the Changjiang River. Studia Marina Sinica 33, 167188.
Jiang, T., Yu, Z.M., Song, X.X., Cao, X.H. and Yuan, Y.Q. (2010) Long-term ecological interactions between nutrient and phytoplankton community in the Changjiang estuary. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 28, 887898.
Juhl, A.R. and Murrell, M.C. (2005) Interactions between nutrients, phytoplankton growth, and microzooplankton grazing in a Gulf of Mexico estuary. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 38, 147156.
Kasim, M. and Mukai, H. (2006) Contribution of benthic and epiphytic diatoms to clam and oyster production in the Akkeshi-ko estuary. Journal of Oceanography 62, 267281.
Li, Y., Li, D.J., Tang, J.L., Wang, Y.M., Liu, Z.G. and He, S.Q. (2010) Long-term changes in the Changjiang Estuary plankton community related to anthropogenic eutrophication. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management 13, 6672.
Lionard, M., Azemar, F., Bouletreau, S., Muylaert, K., Tackx, M. and Vyverman, W. (2005) Grazing by meso- and microzooplankton on phytoplankton in the upper reaches of the Schelde estuary (Belgium/The Netherlands). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 64, 764774.
Livingston, R.J. (2007) Phytoplankton bloom effects on a Gulf estuary: water quality changes and biological response. Ecological Applications S17(5), 110128.
Mikhailov, V.N., Korotaev, V.N., Mikhailova, M.V., Li, C.X. and Liu, S.G. (2001) Hydrological regime and morphodynamics of the Yangtze River mouth area. Water Resources 28, 351363.
Naik, S., Acharya, B.C. and Mohapatra, A. (2009) Seasonal variations of phytoplankton in Mahanadi estuary, east coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 38, 184190.
Pielou, E.C. (1966) Species-diversity and pattern-diversity in the study of ecological succession. Journal of Theoretical Biology 10, 370383.
Popovich, C.A. and Marcovecchio, J.E. (2008) Spatial and temporal variability of phytoplankton and environmental factors in a temperate estuary of South America (Atlantic coast, Argentina). Continental Shelf Research 28, 236244.
Qiu, D.J., Huang, L.M., Zhang, J.L. and Lin, S.J. (2010) Phytoplankton dynamics in and near the highly eutrophic Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea. Continental Shelf Research 30, 177186.
Quinlan, E.L., Jett, C.H. and Phlips, E.J. (2009) Microzooplankton grazing and the control of phytoplankton biomass in the Suwannee River estuary, USA. Hydrobiologia 632, 127137.
Shannon, C.E. and Weaver, W. (1963) The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Shen, H.T. and Pan, D.A. (2001) Turbidity maximum in the Changjiang estuary. Beijing: China Ocean Press.
Shen, P.P., Li, G., Huang, L.M., Zhang, J.L. and Tan, Y.H. (2011) Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton assemblages in the Pearl River estuary, with special reference to the influence of turbidity and temperature. Continental Shelf Research 31, 16721681.
Simpson, E.H. (1949) Measurement of diversity. Nature 163, 688.
Sneath, P.H.A. and Sokal, R.R. (1973) Numerical taxonomy. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman.
State Bureau of Technical Supervision of China (1991) The specification for oceanographic survey marine biological survey. China Standard: GB 12763.6-91. Beijing.
State Bureau of Technical Supervision of China (1998) The specification for marine monitoring. China Standard: GB17378-1998. Beijing.
Tas, S., Yilmaz, I.N. and Okus, E. (2009) Phytoplankton as an indicator of improving water quality in the Golden Horn Estuary. Estuaries and Coasts 32, 12051224.
Thomas, C.M., Perissinotto, R. and Kibirige, I. (2005) Phytoplankton biomass and size structure in two South African eutrophic, temporarily open/closed estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 65, 223238.
Thompson, P.A., Bonham, P.I. and Swadling, K.M. (2008) Phytoplankton blooms in the Huon Estuary, Tasmania: top-down or bottom-up control? Journal of Plankton Research 30, 735753.
Trigueros, J.M. and Orive, E. (2001) Seasonal variations of diatoms and dinoflagellates in a shallow, temperate estuary, with emphasis on neritic assemblages. Hydrobiologia 444, 119133.
Xu, Z.L., Wang, Y.L., Chen, Y.Q. and Shen, H.T. (1995) An ecological study on zooplankton in Maximum turbid zone of estuarine area of Changjiang (Yangtze) River. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China 2, 3948.
Xu, Z.L., Bai, X.M., Yuan, Q., Jiang, M. and Gu, X.G. (1999) An ecological study on phytoplankton in the Changjiang estuary. Journal of Fishery Sciences of China 6(S5), 5254.
Yoshiyama, K. and Sharp, J.H. (2006) Phytoplankton response to nutrient enrichment in an urbanized estuary: apparent inhibition of primary production by overeutrophication. Limnology and Oceanography 51, 424434.
Zhou, M.J., Shen, Z.L. and Yu, R.C. (2008) Responses of a coastal phytoplankton community to increased nutrient input from the Changjiang (Yangtze) River. Continental Shelf Research 28, 14831489.
Zhu, Z.Y., Ng, W.M., Liu, S.M., Zhang, J., Chen, J.C. and Wu, Y. (2009) Estuarine phytoplankton dynamics and shift of limiting factors: a study in the Changjiang (Yangtze River) Estuary and adjacent area. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 84, 393401.

Keywords

Species diversity, community structure and distribution of phytoplankton in the Changjiang estuary during dry and flood periods

  • P.Y. Guo (a1), H.T. Shen (a2) and J.H. Wang (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed