Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

In situ observations of trophic behaviour and locomotion of Princaxelia amphipods (Crustacea: Pardaliscidae) at hadal depths in four West Pacific Trenches

  • Alan J. Jamieson (a1), Anne-Nina Lörz (a2), Toyonobu Fujii (a1) and Imants G. Priede (a1)

Abstract

The genus Princaxelia, Pardaliscidae, is a rarely recorded, infrequently collected and hitherto observed benthic amphipod, typically found at hadal depths (>6000 m) in the Pacific Ocean trenches. Little is known about the behaviour or physiology of this genus. Using a baited camera lander, observations of Princaxelia jamiesoni were made in the Japan Trench (7703 m) and Izu–Ogasawara Trench (9316 m) and of Princaxelia aff. abyssalis in the Kermadec Trench (7966 m) and Tonga Trench (8798 m). These amphipods rapidly intercepted the bait and preyed upon smaller lysianassoid amphipods. Mean absolute swimming speeds for P. jamiesoni and P. aff. abyssalis were 4.16 cm.s−1 ± 1.8 SD and 4.02 cm.s−1 ± 0.87 SD respectively. These amphipods have the capacity for long range swimming, high manoeuvrability in close range, and efficient predatory behaviour. Burst swimming speeds for P. aff. abyssalis were 9 and 10 cm.s−1 with accelerations up to 22–25 cm.s−2.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: A.J. Jamieson, Oceanlab, Institute of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Aberdeen, Main Street, Newburgh, Aberdeenshire, UKAB41 6AA email: a.jamieson@abdn.ac.uk

References

Hide All
Dahl, E. (1959) Amphipoda from depths exceeding 6000 m. Galathea Report 1, 211240.
Fujii, T., Jamieson, A.J., Solan, M., Bagley, P.M. and Priede, I.G. (2010) A large aggregation of liparids at 7703 m depth and a reappraisal of the abundance and diversity of hadal fish. BioScience 60, 506515.
Jamieson, A.J., Solan, M. and Fujii, T. (2009a) Imaging deep-sea life beyond the abyssal zone. Sea Technology 50, 4146.
Jamieson, A.J., Fujii, T., Solan, M., Matsumoto, A.K., Bagley, P.M. and Priede, I.G. (2009b) Liparid and macrourid fishes of the hadal zone: in situ observations of activity and feeding behaviour. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276, 10371045.
Jamieson, A.J., Fujii, T., Solan, M., Matsumoto, A.K., Bagley, P.M. and Priede, I.G. (2009c) First findings of decapod crustacea in the hadal-zone. Deep-Sea Research 1 56, 641647.
Kaartvedt, S., Van Dover, C.L., Mullineaux, L.S.Wiebe, P.H. and Bollens, S.M. (1994) Amphipods on a deep-sea hydrothermal treadmill. Deep-Sea Research I 41, 179195.
Kamenskaya, O.E. (1977) Two new species of ultraabyssal amphipods from Yap Trench. Akademia Nauk SSSR 108, 105114.
Kamenskaya, O.E. (1981) Ultraabyssal (hadal) amphipods from the trenches of the Pacific Ocean. P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology Academy of Sciences of the USSR Moscow 117218, USSR, pp. 4044.
Kamenskaya, O.E. (1984) Ecological classification of deep-sea amphipods. Trudy Institute of Oceanology, Russia 119, 154160. [In Russian.]
Kamenskaya, O.E. (1995) Gammaridean amphipods from hadal trenches of the Pacific Ocean. Polskie Arhiwum Hydrobiologii 42, 327334.
Laver, M.B., Olsson, M.S., Edelman, J.L. and Smith, K.L. (1985) Swimming rates of scavenging deep-sea amphipods recorded with a free-vehicle video camera. Deep-Sea Research 32, 11351142.
Lörz, A-N. (2010) Trench treasures: the genus Princaxelia (Pardaliscidae, Amphipoda). Zoologica Baetica 21, 6584.
Pirlot, J.M. (1936) Les amphipodes de l'expédition du Siboga. Deuxième Partie. Les amphipodes gammarides. II. -Les amphipodes de la Mer Profonde. 3. Addendum et partie générale. III. Les amphipodes littoraux. 1. Lysianassidae, Ampeliscidae, Leucothoidae, Stenothoidae, Phliantidae, Colomastigidae, Ochlesidae, Liljeborgiidae, Oedicerotidae, Synopiidae, Eusiridae, Gammaridae. Siboga-Expeditie 28e, 237328.
Sainte-Marie, B. (1986) Feeding and swimming of lysianassid amphipods in a shallow cold-water bay. Marine Biology 91, 219229.
Sainte-Marie, B. and Hargrave, B.T. (1987) Estimation of scavenger abundance and distance of attraction to bait. Marine Biology 94, 431443.
Saunders, P.M. (1981) Practical conversion of pressure to depth. Journal of Physical Oceanography 11, 573574.
Smith, K.L. and Baldwin, R.J. (1982) Scavenging deep-sea amphipods: effects of food odor on oxygen consumption and a proposed metabolic strategy. Marine Biology 68, 287298.
Stebbing, T.R.R. (1888) Report on the Amphipoda collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76, Zoology 29, 11737, pls 1–210.
Stephensen, K. (1931) The Danish Ingolf-expedition. Crustacea Malacostraca VII (AMPHIPODA III). 3, pp. 180290.
Takeuchi, I. and Watanabe, K. (1998) Respiration rate and swimming speed of the necrophagous amphipod Eurythenes gryllus from Antarctic deep waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 163, 285288.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

In situ observations of trophic behaviour and locomotion of Princaxelia amphipods (Crustacea: Pardaliscidae) at hadal depths in four West Pacific Trenches

  • Alan J. Jamieson (a1), Anne-Nina Lörz (a2), Toyonobu Fujii (a1) and Imants G. Priede (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.