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The Early Life History of The Sand Smelt (Atherina Presbyter)

  • R. N. Bamber (a1), P. A. Henderson (a1) and A. W. H. Turnpenny (a1)

Extract

The sand smelt (Atherina presbyter Cuvier) is a small, pelagic inshore fish common on some coasts of Britain. The biology of the sand smelt population in Southampton Water, Hants., U.K., has been described in detail (Turnpenny, Bamber & Henderson, 1981), but individuals less than 3 months old were not found during the course of that study.

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Clarke, F. N., 1925. The life history of Leuresthes tenuis, an atherine fish with tide controlled spawning habits. Fish Bulletin, no. 10, 58 pp.
Ehrenbaum, E., 1905. Eier und Larven von Fischen. Nordisches Plankton, 1, 413 pp.
Fabre-Domergue, P. & Bietrix, E., 1897. Recherches biologiques applicables a la pisciculture maritime sur les oeufs et les larves des poissons de mer et sur le turbot. Annales de Sciences naturelles (Zoologie), 4, 151220.
Fives, J. M., 1970. Investigations of the plankton of the west coast of Ireland. IV. Larval and postlarval stages of fishes taken from the plankton of the west coast in surveys during the years 1958–1966. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (B), 70, 1593.
Fry, F. E. J., 1957. The aquatic respiration offish. In The Physiology of Fishes, vol. 1. Metabolism (ed. Brown, M. E.), pp. 163. New York: Academic Press.
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Jorne-Safriel, O. & Shaw, S., 1966. The development of schooling in the atherinid fish, Atherina mochon (Cuvier). Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli, 35, 7688.
Marion, A.-F., 1891. Oeufs flottants et alevins observes dans le Golfe de Marseille devant l'année 1890. Annales du Musée d'histoire naturelle de Marseille, 4 (11), 112121.
Miller, P. J., 1962. Evidence for the breeding in Manx waters of the sand-smelt, Atherina presbyter C&V. Report. Marine Biological Station, Port Erin, 74, 2728.
Nicol, E. A. T., 1936. The brackish water lochs of North Uist. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 56, 169195.
Palmer, C. J., 1979. The Biology of the British Atherinidae, With Particular Reference to Atherina presbyter Cuvier of Langstone Harbour, Hampshire. Ph.D. Thesis, Portsmouth Polytechnic.
Russell, F. S., 1976. The Eggs and Planktonic Stages of British Marine Fishes. London: Academic Press.
Schultz, L. P., 1948. A revision of six subfamilies of atherine fishes, with descriptions of new genera and species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 98 (3220), 48 pp.
Turnpenny, A. W. H., Bamber, R. N. & Henderson, P. A., 1981. Biology of the sand smelt (Atherina presbyter Valenciennes) around Fawley Power Station. Journal of Fish Biology, 18, 417427.
Wheeler, A., 1969. The Fishes of the British Isles and North West Europe. London: Macmillan.
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The Early Life History of The Sand Smelt (Atherina Presbyter)

  • R. N. Bamber (a1), P. A. Henderson (a1) and A. W. H. Turnpenny (a1)

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