Alldredge, AL and Madin, LP (1982) Pelagic tunicates: unique herbivores in the marine plankton. Bioscience 32, 655–663.
Andersen, V and Nival, P (1986) A model of the population dynamics of salps in coastal waters of the Ligurian Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 8, 1091–1110.
Babnik, P (1948) Hidromeduze iz srednjega in južnega Jadrana v letih 1939. in 1940. (Hydromedusae from the Middle and South Adriatic 1939 and 1940). Acta Adriatica 3, 275–344 (in Slovenian, English summary).
Baek, SH, Shimode, S, Kim, HC, Han, MS and Kikuchi, T (2009) Strong bottom-up effects on phytoplankton community caused by a rainfall during spring and summer in Sagami Bay, Japan. Journal of Marine Systems 75, 253–264.
Batistić, M, Jasprica, N, Carić, M, Čalić, M, Kovačević, V, Garić, R, Njire, J, Mikuš, J and Bobanović-Ćolić, S (2012) Biological evidence of a winter convection event in the South Adriatic: a phytoplankton maximum in the aphotic zone. Continental Shelf Research 44, 57–71.
Berner, L (1967) Distributional atlas of Thaliacea in the California Current region. California Cooperative Ocean Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas 8, 1–322.
Boero, F, Belmonte, G, Bracale, R, Fraschetti, S, Piraino, S and Zampardi, S (2013) A salp bloom (Tunicata, Thaliacea) along the Apulian coast and in the Otranto Channel between March-May 2013. F1000Research 2, 181.
Bone, Q (1998) The Biology of Pelagic Tunicates. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cerino, F, Bernardi A, F, Coppola, J, La Ferla, R, Maimone, G, Socal, G and Totti, C (2012) Spatial and temporal variability of pico-, nano- and microphytoplankton in the offshore waters of the southern Adriatic (Mediterranean Sea). Continental Shelf Research 44, 94–105.
Civitarese, G, Gačić, M, Lipizer, M and Eusebi Borzelli, GL (2010) On the impact of the bimodal oscillating system (BIOS) on the biogeochemistry and biology of the Adriatic and Ionian Seas (Eastern Mediterranean). Biogeosciences (Online) 7, 3987–3997.
Deevey, GB (1971) The annual cycle in quantity and composition of the zooplankton of the Sargasso Sea off Bermuda. I. The upper 500 m. Limnology and Oceanography 16, 219–240.
D'Ortenzio, F and d'Alcala, RM (2009) On the trophic regimes of the Mediterranean Sea: a satellite analysis. Biogeosciences (Online) 6, 139–148.
do Rosário Gomes, H, Goes, JI, Matondkar, SGP, Buskey, EJ, Subhajit, B, Parab, S and Thoppil, P (2014) Massive outbreaks of Noctiluca scintillans blooms in the Arabian Sea due to spread of hypoxia. Nature Communications 5, 4862.
Dubischar, CD and Bathmann, UV (1997) Grazing impact of copepods and salps on phytoplankton in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research II 44, 415–433.
Elbrächter, M and Qi, ZY (1998) Aspects of Noctiluca (dinophyceae) population dynamics. In Anderson, DM (ed.), Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 315–335.
Fonda-Umani, S, Beran, A, Parlato, S, Virgilio, D, Zollet, T, De Olazabal, A, Lazzarini, B and Cabrini, M (2004) Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) in the Northern Adriatic Sea: long-term dynamics, relationship with temperature and eutrophication, and role in the food web. Journal of Plankton Research 26, 545–561.
Fortier, L, Le Fèvre, J and Legendre, L (1994) Export of biogenic carbon to fish and to the deep ocean: the role of large planktonic microphages. Journal of Plankton Research 16, 809–839.
Gačić, M, Civitarese, G, Cardin, V, Crise, A, Miserocchi, S and Mauri, E (2002) The open-ocean convection in the Southern Adriatic: a controlling mechanism of the spring phytoplankton bloom. Continental Shelf Research 22, 1897–1908.
Gačić, M, Eusebi Borzelli, GL, Civitarese, G, Cardin, V and Yari, S. (2010) Can internal processes sustain reversals of the ocean upper circulation? The Ionian Sea example. Geophysical Research Letters 37, L09608.
Harrison, PJ, Furuya, K, Glibert, PM, Xu, J, Liu, HB, Yin, K, Lee, JHW, Anderson, DM, Gowen, R, Al-Azri, AR and Ho, AYT (2011) Geographical distribution of red and green Noctiluca scintillans. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 29, 807–811.
Henschke, N, Bowden, DA, Everett, JD, Holmes, SP, Kloser, RJ, Lee, RW and Suthers, IM (2013) Salp-falls in the Tasman Sea: a major food input to deep sea benthos. Marine Ecology Progress Series 491, 165–175.
Heron, AC (1972) Population ecology of a colonizing species, the pelagic tunicate Thalia democratica. I: Individual growth rate and generation time. Oecologia 10, 269–293.
Heron, AC and Benham, EE (1985) Life history parameters as indicators of growth rate in three salp populations. Journal of Plankton Research 7, 365–379.
Huang, C and Qi, Y (1997) The abundance cycle and influence factors on red tide phenomena of Noctiluca scintillans (Dinophyceae) in Dapeng Bay, the South China Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 19, 303–318.
Kirchner, M, Sahling, G, Uhlig, G, Gunkel, W and Klings, KW (1996) Does the red tide-forming dinoflagellate Noctiluca scintillans feed on bacteria? Sarsia 81, 45–55.
Kremer, P (2002) Towards an Understanding of Salp Swarm Dynamics. Copenhagen: ICES Publication.
Kremer, P and Madin, LP (1992) Particle retention efficiency of salps. Journal of Plankton Research 4, 1009–1015.
Kršinić, F (1998) Vertical distribution of protozoan and microcopepod communities in the South Adriatic Pit. Journal of Plankton Research 20, 1033–1060.
Ljubimir, S, Jasprica, N, Čalić, M, Hrustić, E, Dupčić Radić, I and Car, A (2017) Interannual (2009–2011) variability of winter–spring phytoplankton in the open South Adriatic Sea: effects of deep convection and lateral advection. Continental Shelf Research 143, 311–321.
Madin, LP and Deibel, D (1998) Feeding and energetics of Thaliaceans. In Bone, Q (ed.), The Biology of Pelagic Tunicates. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 43–60.
Madin, LP and Kremer, P (1995) Determination of the filter feeding rates of salps (Tunicata, Thaliacea). ICES Journal of Marine Science 52, 583–595.
Mikaelyan, SA, Malej, A, Shiganova, TA, Turk, V, Sivkovitch, AE, Musaeva, EI, Kogovšek, T, Taisia, A and Lukasheva, TA (2014) Populations of the red tide forming dinoflagellate Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney): a comparison between the Black Sea and the northern Adriatic Sea. Harmful Algae 33, 29–40.
Quevedo, M, Gonzales-Quiros, R and Anadon, R (1999) Evidence of heavy predation by Noctiluca scintillans on Acartia clausi (Copepoda) eggs of the central Cantabrian coast. Oceanologica Acta 22, 127–131.
Santoleri, R, Banzon, V, Marullo, S, Napolitano, E, D'Ortenzio, F and Evans, R (2003) Year-to-year variability of the phytoplankton bloom in the southern Adriatic Sea (1998–2000): sea-viewing wide field-of-view sensor observations and modeling study. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 8122.
Schaumann, K, Gerdes, D and Hesse, KJ (1988) Hydrographic and biological characteristics of a Noctiluca scintillans red tide in the German Bight, 1984. Meeresforschung Reports on Marine Research 32, 77–91.
Shanks, A and Walters, K (1996) Feeding by a heterotrophic dinoflagellate (Noctiluca scintillans) in marine snow. Limnology and Oceanography 41, 177–181.
Smayda, T (1997) What is a bloom? A commentary. Limnology and Oceanography 42, 1132–l136.
Smith, KL Jr, Sherman, AD, Huffard, CL, McGill, PR, Henthorn, R, Von Thun, S, Ruhl, HA, Kahru, M and Ohman, MD (2014) Large salp bloom export from the upper ocean and benthic community response in the abyssal northeast Pacific: day to week resolution. Limnology and Oceanography 59, 745–757.
Steidinger, KA and Tangen, K (1996) Dinoflagellates. In Tomas, CR (ed.), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 387–584.
Thangaraja, M, Al-Aisry, A and Al-Kharusi, L (2007) Harmful algal blooms and their impacts in the middle and outer ROPME sea area. International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography 2, 85–98.
Turchetto, MM, Bianchi, F, Boldrin, A, Malagutti, A, Rabitti, S, Socal, G and Strada, L (2000) Nutrients, phytoplankton and primary production processes in oligotrophic areas (Southern Adriatic and Northern Ionian Sea). Atti Associazione Italiana Oceanologia Limnologia 13, 269–278.
Uhlig, G and Sahling, G (1990) Long-term studies on Noctiluca scintillans in the German Bight: population dynamics and red tide phenomena 1968–1988. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 25, 101–112.
Ursella, L, Cardin, V, Batistić, M, Garić, R and Gačić, M (2018) Evidence of zooplankton vertical migration from continuous Southern Adriatic buoy current-meter records. Progress in Oceanography 167, 78–96.
Utermöhl, H (1958) Zur Vervollkommnung der quantitativen Phytoplankton-Metodik. Mitteilungen Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Anwandte Limnologie 9, 1–38.
Viličić, D (1991) A study of phytoplankton in the Adriatic Sea after the July 1984 bloom. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 76, 197–211.
Viličić, D (1998) Phytoplankton taxonomy and distribution in the offshore southern Adriatic. Natura Croatica 7, 127–142.
Viličić, D, Vučak, Z, Škrivanić, A and Gržetić, Z (1989) Phytoplankton blooms in the oligotrophic open South Adriatic waters. Marine Chemistry 28, 89–107.
Viličić, D, Kršinić, F and Bićanić, Z (1994) The diatom Nitzschia sicula (Castr.) Hust. and naupliar faecal minipellets in the Adriatic Sea. P.S.Z.N.I.: Marine Ecology 15, 27–39.