Boyden, C. R., 1977. Effect of size upon metal content of shellfish. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 675–714.
Bryan, G. W., 1982. Brown seaweed, Fucus vesiculosus, and the gastropod, Littorina littoralis, as indicators of trace-metal availability in estuaries. Science of the Total Environment. (In the Press).
Bryan, G. W. & Hummerstone, L. G., 1973. Brown seaweed as an indicator of heavy metals in estuaries in south-west England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 53, 705–720.
Bryan, G. W. & Hummerstone, L. G., 1977. Indicators of heavy-metal contamination in the Looe Estuary (Cornwall) with particular regard to silver and lead. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 75–92.
Fretter, V. & Graham, A., 1962. British Prosobranch Molluscs, Their Functioncl Anatomy and Ecology. 755 pp. London: Ray Society.
Fukai, R. & Broquet, D., 1965. Distribution of chromium in marine organisms. Bulletin de l'lnstitut océanographique, 65 (1336), 19 pp.
Ireland, M. P. & Wootton, R. J., 1977. Distribution of lead, zinc, copper and manganese in the marine gastropods, Thais lapillus and Littorina littorea, around the coast of Wales. Environmental Pollution, 12, 27–41.
Jones, A. M., Jones, Y. & Stewart, W. D. P., 1972. Mercury in marine organisms from the Tay region. Nature, London, 238, 164–165.
Jones, L. H., 1979. Heavy metals in the Humber Estuary. Natural Environment Research Cuncil Publications (ser. C), no. 20, 13–16.
Klumpp, D. W., 1980. Accumulation of arsenic from water and food by Littorina littoralis and Nucella lapillus. Marine Biology, 58, 265–274.
Langston, W. J., 1980. Arsenic in U.K. estuarine sediments and its availability to benthic organisms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 60, 869–881.
Langston, W. J., 1982. The distribution of mercury in British estuarine sediments and its availability to deposit-feeding bivalves. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 62, 667–684.
Leatherland, T. M. & Burton, J. D., 1974. The occurrence of some trace metals in coastal organisms with particular reference to the Solent region. Journal of the Marine Biological ssociation of the United Kingdom, 54, 457–468.
Lobel, P. B., Mogie, P., Wright, D. A. & Wu, B. L., 1982. Metal accumulation in four molluscs. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 13, 170–174.
Manga, N. & Hughes, G., 1981. Heavy metal concentrations in Fucus vesiculosus, Mytilus edulis and Littorina littorea from Carlingford Lough. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 20, 302–304.
Martoja, M., Tue, V. T. & Elkaïm, B., 1980. Bioaccumulation du cuivre chez Littorina littorea (L.) (Gastéropode Prosobranche): signification physiologique et écologique. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 43, 251–270.
Mason, A. Z. & Nott, J. A., 1980. The association of the blood vessels and the excretory epithelium in the kidney of Littorina littorea (L.) (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Marine Biology Letters, 1, 353–365.
Mason, A. Z. & Nott, J. A., 1981. The role of intracellular biomineralised granules in the regulation and detoxification of metals in gastropods with special reference to the marine prosobranch Littorina littorea. Aquatic Toxicology, 1, 239–256.
Mason, A. Z. & Simkiss, K., 1983. Interactions between metals and their distribution in tissues of Littorina littorea (L.) collected from clean and polluted sites. Journal of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63 (3). (In the Press.)
Moore, H. B., 1937. The biology of Littorina littorea. Part 1. Growth of the shell and tissues, spawning, length of life and mortality. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 21, 721–742.
Nickless, G., Stenner, R. & Terriixe, N., 1972. Distribution of cadmium, lead and zinc in the Bristol Channel. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 3, 188–190.
Portmann, J. E., 1979. Chemical monitoring of residue levels in fish and shellfish landed in England and Wales during 1970–73. Aquatic Environment Monitoring Report. M.A.F.F. Directorate of Fisheries Research, no. 1, 70 pp.
Ray, S., Mcleese, D. W., Metcalfe, C. D., Burridge, L. E. & Waiwood, B. A., 1980. Distribution of cadmium in marine biota in the vicinity of Belledune. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, no. 963, pp. 11–27.
Stenner, R. D. & Nickless, G., 1974. Distribution of some heavy metals in organisms in Hardangerfjord and Skjerstadfjord, Norway. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 3, 279–291.
Topping, G., 1973. Heavy metals in shellfish from Scottish waters. Aquaculture, 1, 379–384.
Wharfe, J. R. & Van Den Broek, W. L. F., 1977. Heavy metals in macroinvertebrates from the lower Medway Estuary, Kent. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 8, 31–34.
Young, M. L., 1975. The transfer of 65 Zn and 59 Fe along a Fucus serratus (L.) → Littorina obtusata (L.) food chain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 538–610.