Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Adhesion of cypris larvae of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides, to clean and arthropodin treated surfaces

  • A. B. Yule (a1) and D. J. Crisp (a1)

Abstract

Measurements were made of the strength of temporary attachment of the cypris larvae of Balanus balanoides using a sensitive micro-balance. The strength of adhesion on arthropodin treated slate panels exceeded that on clean panels and the measured forces increased as the season progressed. The observed maximum cyprid attachment strength reached 3·8 × 105 N m−2, considerably less than the bond strength of a commercial epoxy adhesive (107 N m−2) but of the same order as the force required to remove limpets (Patella) from a slate substrate. The results are discussed in the context of substrate recognition by barnacle cyprids and the possible mechanisms of adhesion involved.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bayne, B. L., 1969. The gregarious behaviour of the larvae of Ostrea edulis L. at settlement. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 49, 327356.
Brooks, D. E., Millar, J. S., Seamen, G. V. F. & Vassar, P. S., 1967. Some physico-chemical factors relevant to cellular interactions. Journal of Cell Physiology, 69, 155168.
Crisp, D. J., 1955. The behaviour of barnacle cyprids in relation to water movement over a surface. Journal of Experimental Biology, 32, 569590.
Crisp, D. J., 1965. Surface chemistry, a factor in the settlement of marine invertebrate larvae. Botanica Gothoburgensia, 3, 5165.
Crisp, D. J., 1967. Chemical factors inducing settlement in Crassostrea virginica. Journal of Animal Ecology, 36, 329335.
Crisp, D. J., 1974. Factors influencing the settlement of marine invertebrate larvae. In Chemoreception in Marine Organisms (ed. Grant, P. T. and Mackie, A. M.), pp. 177265. Academic Press.
Crisp, D. J., 1975. Surface chemistry and life in the sea. Chemistry and Industry, 5, 187193.
Crisp, D. J. & Meadows, P. S., 1962. The chemical basis of gregariousness in cirripedes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B), 156, 500520.
Crisp, D. J. & Meadows, P. S., 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B), 158, 364387.
Crisp, D. J. & Stubbings, H. G., 1957. The orientation of barnacles to water currents. Journa of Animal Ecology, 26, 179196.
Dahl, F., 1885. Die fussdrüsen der insekten. Archiv für mikroskopische Anatomie und Entwicklung smechanik, 25, 236263.
Dewitz, H., 1883. Ueber die fortbewgung der thiere an senkrechten glatten flächen vermittelst eins secretes. Archiv für die gesamte Physiologie des Menschen und der Tiere, 33, 440481.
Dewitz, H., 1884. Über die fortbewegung der thiere an senkrechten glatten flächen vermittelst eines secretes. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 7, 400405.
Gee, J. M., 1965. Chemical Stimulation of settlement in larvae of Spirorbis rupestris (Serpulidae). Animal Behaviour, 13, 181186.
Gibson, P. H. & Nott, J. A., 1971. Concerning the fourth antennular segment of the cypris larvae of Balanus balanoides. In Proceedings of the Fourth European Marine Biology Symposium, Bangor, 1969 (ed. Crisp, D. J.), pp. 227236. Cambridge University Press.
Gillett, J. D. & Wigglesworth, V. B., 1932. The climbing organ of an insect. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B), 111, 364375.
Gray, J. S., 1966. The attractive factor of intertidal sands to Protodrilus symbioticus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 46, 627645.
Gray, J. S., 1967 a. Substrate selection by the archianellid Protodrilus hypoleucus Armenante. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 1, 4754.
Gray, J. S., 1967 b. Substrate selection by the archianelli Protodrilus rubropharyngeus Jägersten. Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15, 253269.
Grenon, J.-F. & Walker, G., 1980. Biochemical and rheological properties of the pedal mucus of the limpet, Patella vulgata L. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 66B, 457458.
Grenon, J.-F. & Walker, G., 1981. The tenacity of the limpet, Patella vulgata L.: an experimental approach. Journal of Experimental Biology and Ecology, 54, 277308.
Kaelble, D. H., 1959. Theory and analysis of peel adhesion: mechanism and mechanics. Transactions of the Society of Rheology, 3, 161180.
Kaelble, D. H., 1960. Theory and analysis of peel adhesion: band stresses and distributions. Transactions of the Society of Rheology, 4, 4573.
Larman, V. N., Gabbott, P. A. & East, J., 1982. Physico-chemical properties of the settlement factor proteins from the barnacle Balanus balanoides. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 72B, 329338.
Nott, J. A. & Foster, B. A., 1969. On the structure of the antennular attachment organ of the cypris larvae of Balanus balanoides (L.). Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society 256, 115134.
Ritz, D. A., 1974. [Quoted in Crisp, D. J., 1974.] Factors influencing the settlement of marine invertebrate larvae. In Chemoreception in Marine Organisms (ed. Grant, P. T. and Mackie, A. M.), pp. 177265. Academic Press.
Simmermacher, G., 1884. Untersuchungen über haftapparate an tarsalgliedern von insekten. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 40, 481556.
Trim, A. R., 1941. Studies on the chemistry of the insect cuticle. I. Some general observations on certain arthropod cuticles with special reference to the characterisation of the proteins. Biochemical Journal, 35, 10881098.
Wake, W. C., 1976. Adhesion and the Formulation of Adhesives. 325 pp. London: Applied Science Publishers Ltd.
Weiss, L., 1961 a. Studies on cellular adhesion in tissue cultures. IV. The alteration of substrata by cell surfaces. Experimental Cell Research, 25, 504517.
Weiss, L., 1961 b. The measurement of cell adhesion. Experimental Cell Research, supplement 8, 141153.
West, T., 1862. The foot of the fly; its structure and action elucidated by comparison with the feet of other insects. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 23, 393421.
Williams, G. B., 1964. The effects of extracts of Fucus serratus in promoting the settlement of larvae of Spirorbis borealis (Polychaeta). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 44, 397414.
Williams, G. B., 1965. Observations on the behaviour of the planula larvae of Clava squamata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 45, 257273.
Wilson, D. P., 1968. The settlement behaviour of the larvae of Sabellaria alveolata (L.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 48, 387435.
Wilson, D. P., 1970 a. Additional observations on larval growth and settlement of Sabellaria alveolata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 50, 131.
Wilson, D. P., 1970 b. The larvae of Sabellaria spinulosa and their settlement behaviour. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 50, 3352.

Adhesion of cypris larvae of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides, to clean and arthropodin treated surfaces

  • A. B. Yule (a1) and D. J. Crisp (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed