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  • RICHARD HILL (a1) and SANJU L. VELANI (a2)
    • Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 October 1999


Let T be a d×d matrix with integral coefficients. Then T determines a self-map of the d-dimensional torus X = ℝd/ℤd. Choose for each natural number n a ball B(n) in X and suppose that B(n+1) has smaller radius than B(n) for all n. Now let W be the set of points xX such that Tn(x) ∈ B(n) for infinitely many n ∈ ℕ. The Hausdorff dimension of W is studied by analogy with the Jarník–Besicovitch theorem on the dimension of the set of well-approximable real numbers. The dimension depends on the quantity

formula here

A complete description is given only when the matrix is diagonalizable over ℚ. In other cases a result is obtained for sufficiently large τ. The results, in as far as they go, show that the Hausdorff dimension of W is a strictly decreasing, continuous function of τ which is piecewise of the form (Aτ+B)/(Cτ+D). The numbers A, B, C and D which arise in this way are typically sums of logarithms of the absolute values of eigenvalues of T.


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Journal of the London Mathematical Society
  • ISSN: 0024-6107
  • EISSN: 1469-7750
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-london-mathematical-society
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