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Ordinal analysis of simple cases of bar recursion

  • W. A. Howard (a1)


The purpose of the following is to give an ordinal analysis of bar recursion of type 0 for the cases in which the bar recursion operator has type level 3 or 4. We show that the associated ordinals are the ε0th epsilon number and the first ε0-critical number, respectively. Also we analyze a restricted bar recursion operator of level 3 which provides the Gödel functional interpretation of an intuitionistic form of König's lemma. The ordinal in this case is ε0.

Let + BR0 be Gödel's theory of primitive recursive functional of finite type extended by functors Φ for bar recursion of type zero. To make bar recursion resemble transfinite recursion more closely, and thereby facilitate the ordinal analysis, we extend + BR0 to a system of terms . By Theorem 1.1a term of + BR0 which is computable by the rules of is already computable by the rules of + BR0, so it is sufficient to give an ordinal analysis of the terms of .

A term H of is said to be semi-closed if its free variables have level not exceeding 1. If, in addition, H has level not exceeding 2, then an ordinal measure for H is given by a length for one of its computation trees. We call this a computation size for H. Let F(X) be a term whose free variables have level not exceeding 2, and suppose the variable X of type 2 is the only free variable of level 2.



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[H1]Howard, W., Functional interpretation of bar induction by bar recursion, Compositio Mathematica, vol. 20 (1968), pp. 107124.
[H2]Howard, W., Ordinal analysis of terms of finite type, this Journal, vol. 45 (1980), pp. 493504.
[H-K]Howard, W. and Kreisel, G., Transfinite induction and bar induction of types zero and one, the role of continuity in intuitionistic analysis, this Journal, vol. 31 (1966), pp. 325358.
[Sch]Schütte, K., Proof theory, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977.
[Tr]Troelstra, A., Note on the fan theorem, this Journal, vol. 39 (1974), pp. 584596.
[Vo]Vogel, H., Über die mit dem Bar-Rekursor vom Type 0 definierbaren Ordinalzahlen, Archiv für Mathematische Logik und Grundlagenforschung, vol. 19 (1978), pp. 139156.


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