Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Violence at Constantinople in A.D. 341–2 and Themistius, Oration 1*

  • Alexander Skinner (a1)

Abstract

This article argues that Oration 1 by Themistius was prompted by violence at Constantinople in 341–2, and that the likeliest date for the speech is as early as March 342. Detailed arguments are presented in support of this correlation, which contrasts with the usual assignment of Themistius' speech to either 347/348 or 350/351. The wider significance of these arguments is also highlighted. In particular, there are implications for our understanding of the chronology and overall trajectory of Themistius' early career; and implications for the development of imperial ideology in the 340s.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Footnotes

Hide All
*

I am grateful to Neil McLynn and Charlotte Roueché for their comments on a draft. I am also indebted to my wife, Natasha, both for commenting on a draft and for help with unicode font.

Footnotes

References

Hide All

(Standard source editions are included here in cases where editorial interpretations of a text are a material point of discussion)

Ballériaux, O. 1996: ‘Eugénios, père de Thémistios et philosophe néoplatonicien’, L'Antiquité classique 65, 135–60
Barnes, T. D. 1981: Constantine and Eusebius, Cambridge, MA
Barnes, T. D. 1993: Athanasius and Constantius: Theology and Politics in the Constantinian Empire, Cambridge, MA
Bouchery, H. 1936: ‘Contribution à l’étude de la chronologie des discours de Themistius’, L'Antiquité classique 5, 191208
Bradbury, S. 1994: ‘Constantine and the problem of anti-pagan legislation’, Classical Philology 89, 120–39
Brown, P. 1967: Augustine of Hippo: A Biography, London
Brown, P. 1995: Authority and the Sacred: Aspects of the Christianisation of the Roman World, Cambridge
Brown, P. 2002: Poverty and Leadership in the Later Roman Empire, Hanover, NH
Bury, J. B. 1896: ‘Date of the Battle of Singara’, Byzantinische Zeitschrift 5, 302–5
Eltester, W. 1937: ‘Die Kirchen Antiochas im IV. Jahrhundert’, Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der alten Kirche 36, 251–86
Errington, R. M. 1988: ‘Constantine and the pagans’, Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 29, 309–18
Foerster, R. 1908: Libanii Opera, vol. 4, Leipzig
Garland, R. 1990: The Greek Way of Life: From Conception to Old Age, London
Gladis, C[arolus = Karl]. O. 1907: De Themistii Libanii Iuliani in Constantium orationibus, Breslau
Hanson, R. P. C. 1988: The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy, 318381, Edinburgh
Harries, J. 2012: Imperial Rome, AD 284 to 363: The New Empire, Edinburgh
Heather, P., and Moncur, D. 2001: Politics, Philosophy, and Empire in the Fourth Century: Select Orations of Themistius, Liverpool
Hess, H. 1958: The Canons of the Council of Serdica, AD 343: A Landmark in the Early Development of Canon Law, Oxford
Jones, A. H. M., Martindale, J. R., and Morris, J. 1971: The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire: Volume I, AD 260–395, Cambridge (abbreviated as PLRE)
Klein, R. 1977: Constantius II und die christliche Kirche, Impulse der Forschung 26, Darmstadt
Lieu, S. N. C., and Montserrat, D. (eds) 1996: From Constantine to Julian: Pagan and Byzantine Views – A Source History, London
MacMullen, R. 1986: ‘Judicial savagery in the Roman Empire’, Chiron 16 (1986), 147–66, reprinted in idem, 1990: Changes in the Roman Empire: Essays in the Ordinary, Princeton, NJ, 204–17
Malosse, P.-L. 2001: ‘Enquête sur la date du discours 59 de Libanios’, L'Antiquité tardive 9, 297306
Matthews, J. 2000: Laying Down the Law: A Study of the Theodosian Code, New Haven, CT
Norman, A. F. 1992: Libanius: Autobiography and Selected Letters (2 vols), Cambridge, MA
Portmann, W. 1989: ‘Die 59. Rede des Libanios und das Datum der Schlacht von Singara’, Byzantinische Zeitschrift 82, 118
Portmann, W. 1992: ‘Zum Datum der ersten Rede des Themistius’, Klio 74, 411–21
Procopé, J. 1988: ‘Greek and Roman political theory’, in Burns, J. H. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought, c.350–1450, Cambridge, 2136
Salzman, M. 1990: On Roman Time: The Codex-Calendar of 354 and the Rhythms of Urban Life in Late Antiquity, Berkeley, CA
Schemmel, F. 1908: ‘Die Hochschule von Konstantinopel im IV. Jahr. P. Ch. n.’, Neue Jahrbücher für Pädagogik 22, 147–68
Scholze, H. 1911: De temporibus librorum Themistii, Göttingen
Schwartz, E. 1935: ‘Zur Kirchengeschichte des vierten Jahrhunderts’, Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der alten Kirche 34, 129213
Seeck, O. 1906: Die Briefe des Libanius zeitlich geordnet, Leipzig
Vanderspoel, J. 1995: Themistius and the Imperial Court: Oratory, Civic Duty, and Paideia from Constantius to Theodosius, Ann Arbor, MI

Keywords

Violence at Constantinople in A.D. 341–2 and Themistius, Oration 1*

  • Alexander Skinner (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed