1Moitoret, V. A. (1971). The International Hydrographic Bureau: 50 Years of Progress. Monaco.
2 International Hydrographic Organization(1992) Basic Documents of the International Hydrographic Organization. MP-001.
3For example: Newson, D. W.Richardson, A. (1975). The international scheme of medium and large scale charts of the north-eastern Atlantic area. International Hydrographic Review, LII(I), 87–98.
4Ritchie, G.S. (1983). The work of the International Hydrographic Organization. This Journal, 36, 116.
5 Anon(1986)Final Report of the IHO Committee on Digital Data.
6International Hydrographic Organization (1987). Decision No. 30, Report of Proceedings Xlllth International Hydrographic Conference, 5–15 May 1987, Monaco.
7International Hydrographic Organization (1992). Decision No. 27, Report of Proceedings, XlVth International Hydrographic Conference, 4–15 May 1992, Monaco.
8International Hydrographic Organization (1993).IHO Transfer Standard for Digital Hydrographic Data. Version 2.0, S-57.
9International Maritime Organization (1994). Performance Standards for Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS), MSC/circular 637, 27 May 1994.
10Kottman, C. A. (1992). Some Questions and Answers about Digital Geographic Information Exchange Standards. Second Edition, November 1992, Intergraph Corporation Publication, 69pp.
11Tom, H.(1994). The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Standards Infrastructure.Standard View, Vol. 2 No. 3, September 1994, pp. 132–142.
13International Hydrographic Organization (1995). Provisional Specification for ECDIS Colours and Symbols, Appendix 2, S-52, 3rd Edition, August 1995.
14 Canadian Hydrographic Service (1995).Synopsis Workshop on ECDIS in Ice-Infested Waters, 26 June 1995. Canadian Hydrographic Service, Ottawa.