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Effect of the Orientation of Hexagonal Fibers on the Effective Elastic Properties of Unidirectional Composites

  • H. Wang (a1) (a2), Y.-X. Kang (a1), B. Liu (a1) and Q.-H. Qin (a2)

Abstract

Existing studies reveal that the shape corners of hexagonal fiber affect the degree of constraint on the matrix material. However, none of these studies included the effect of orientation of hexagonal fibers. In this study, a computational micromechanics model of oriented hexagonal fibers in periodic unidirectional composite materials is established for the determination of effective orthotropic elastic properties of the composite. In the present numerical modeling, the representative unit composite cell including the matrix material and the single oriented hexagonal fiber or random oriented hexagonal fibers is solved by micro-scale finite element analysis with different stress loads and periodic displacement boundary conditions, which are applied along the cell boundary to meet the requirement of straight-line constraint during deformation of the cell. Subsequently, the effective elastic properties of the composite are evaluated for periodic regular packing and random packing using the homogenization approach for investigating the influence of unified orientation and random orientation of the hexagonal fibers on the overall elastic properties of the fiber-reinforced composites. The numerical results are verified by comparing with other available results.

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Keywords

Effect of the Orientation of Hexagonal Fibers on the Effective Elastic Properties of Unidirectional Composites

  • H. Wang (a1) (a2), Y.-X. Kang (a1), B. Liu (a1) and Q.-H. Qin (a2)

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