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Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-doped ZrO2 hollow spheres

  • Min Zhang (a1), Weiwei Zuo (a2), Meifang Zhu (a2), Dianguang Liu (a3), Yigao Chen (a3), Meng Zhu (a3), Haoran Hong (a3), Chengyu Yang (a3), Yiguang Wang (a3), Jinling Liu (a4) and Linan An (a5)...

Abstract

ZrO2:Eu3+ hollow spheres were successfully fabricated with the resin microspheres as the template. The sample characterizations were carried out by means of x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and photoluminescence spectra. XRD results revealed that Eu3+-doped samples were pure t-ZrO2 phase after being calcined at 873 K. SEM results exhibited that this Eu3+ doped ZrO2 was hollow spheres; the diameter and thickness of which were about 450 and 50 nm, respectively. Upon excitation at 394 nm, the orange-red emission bands at the wave length longer than 570 nm were from 5D07FJ (J = 1, 2) transitions. The asymmetry ratio of (5D07F2)/(5D07F1) intensity is about 1.61, 1.26, 1.42, 1.42, 1.40, and 1.38 for the Eu3+ concentration 0.4, 0.7, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 mol%, respectively. These values suggest that the asymmetry ratio of Eu3+ ions is independent of the doping concentration. The optimal doping concentration of Eu3+ ions in ZrO2 is 1.5 mol%. According to Dexter's theory, the critical distance between Eu3+ ions for energy transfer was determined to be 16 Å.

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a) Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: zuoweiwei@dhu.edu.cn

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b)

Co-first author

Contributing Editor: Xiaobo Chen

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Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
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