Skip to main content Accessibility help

Spectroscopic study of l-arginine interaction with potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals

  • Jayesh R. Govani, William G. Durrer, Marian Manciu, Cristian Botez and Felicia S. Manciu (a1)...


Inorganic potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) is widely known for its value as a nonlinear optical material. In this study, pure and l-arginine–doped KDP single crystals were grown by the slow solvent evaporation technique and further subjected to infrared absorption and Raman studies for the confirmation of chemical group functionalization and possible bonding between the organic and inorganic materials. The appearance in the infrared absorption spectra of additional vibrational lines, which mostly originate from disturbed N–H, C–H, and C–N bonds of the l-arginine–doped salt, confirm the interaction between KDP and the organic material. This affirmation is supported by more evidence from Raman measurements, where the disappearance of NH vibrations of the amino group is observed. We are thus led to the possibility of hydrogen bonding primarily between the nucleophilic O of the phosphate unit of KDP and the amino group of the l-arginine.


Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:


Hide All
1Hussaini, S.S., Dhumane, N.R., Rabbani, G., Karmuse, P., Dongre, V.G., and Shirsat, M.D.: Growth and high frequency dielectric study of pure and thiourea doped KDP crystals. Cryst. Res. Technol. 42, 1110 (2007).
2Rajesh, N.P., Kannan, V., Santhana Raghavan, P., Ramasamy, P., and Lan, C.W.: Optical and microhardness studies of KDP crystals grown from aqueous solutions with organic additives. Mater. Lett. 52, 326 (2002).
3Mena, M. and Mahadevan, C.K.: Growth and electrical characterization of L-arginine added KDP and ADP single crystals. Cryst. Res. Technol. 43, 166 (2008).
4Zaitseva, N.P., De Yoreo, J.J., Dehaven, M.R., Vital, R.L., Montgomery, K.E., Richardson, M., and Atherton, L.J.: Rapid growth of large-scale (40-55 cm) KH2PO4 crystals. J. Cryst. Growth 180, 255 (1997).
5Delfino, M.: A comprehensive optical second harmonic generation study of the noncentrosymmetric character of biological structures. J. Biol. Phys. 6, 105 (1978).
6Aggarwal, M.D., Stephens, J., Batra, A.K., and Lal, R.B.: Bulk crystal growth and characterization of semiorganic nonlinear materials. J. Optoelectron Adv. Mater. 5, 555 (2003).
7Mazumder, A., Kar, T., and Gupta, S.P.S.: Infrared spectroscopy and thermal studies of as-grown L-arginine phosphate monohydrate crystals. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 5717 (1995).
8Xu, D., Jiang, M., and Tan, Z.: A new phase matchable nonlinear optic crystal L-arginine phosphate monohydrate. Acta Chem. Sinica 41, 570 (1983).
9Gulam Mohamed, M., Vimalan, M., Jesudurai, J.G.M., Madhavan, J., and Sagayaraj, P.: Growth and characterization of pure and doped nonlinear optical L-arginine acetate single crystals. Cryst. Res. Technol. 42, 948 (2007).
10Kalaiselvi, D., Mohan Kumar, R., and Jayavel, R.: Single crystal growth and properties of semiorganic nonlinear optical L-arginine hydrochloride monohydrate crystals. Cryst. Res. Technol. 43, 851 (2008).
11Rashkovich, L.N. and Shekunov, B. Yu: Study of the growth mechanism of L-arginine chloride monohydrate (LACh) crystals. J. Cryst. Growth 112, 183 (1991).
12Madhavan, J., Aruna, S., Prabha, K., Packium, J. Julius, Joseph, G.P., Selvakumar, S., and Sagayaraj, P.: Growth and characterization of a novel NLO crystal L-histidine hydrofluoride dihydrate (LHHF). J. Cryst. Growth 293, 409 (2006).
13Aggarwal, M.D., Choi, J., Wang, W.S., Bhat, K., Lal, R.B., Shields, A.D., Penn, B.G., and Frazier, D.O.: Solution growth of a novel nonlinear optical material: L-histidine tetrafluoroborate. J. Cryst. Growth 204, 179 (1999).
14Freeda, T.H. and Mahavedan, C.P.: Lattice variation and thermal parameters of gel grown KDP crystals added with some ammonium compounds. Pramana J. Phys. 57, 829 (2001).
15Parikh, K.D., Dave, D.J., Parekh, B.B., and Joshi, M.J.: Thermal, FT-IR and SHG efficiency studies of L-arginine doped KDP crystals. Bull. Mater. Sci. 30, 105 (2007).
16Shangfeng, Y., Genbo, S., Zhengdong, L., and Rihong, J.: Rapid growth of KH2PO4 crystals in aqueous solution with additives. J. Cryst. Growth 197, 383 (1999).
17Mallik, T. and Kar, T.: Growth and characterization of nonlinear optical L-arginine dihydrate single crystals. J. Cryst. Growth 285, 178 (2005).
18Sun, Z.H., Xu, D., Wang, X.Q., Liu, X.J., Yu, G., Zhang, G.H., Zhu, L.Y., and Fan, H.L.: Growth and characterization of the nonlinear optical crystal: L-arginine trifluoroacetate. Cryst. Res. Technol. 42, 812 (2007).
19Petrosyan, A.M.: Vibrational spectra of L-arginine tetrafluoroborate and L-arginine perchlorate. Vib. Spectrosc. 41, 97 (2006).
20Lu, G., Li, C., Wang, W., Wang, Z., Guan, J., and Xia, H.: Lattice vibration modes and thermal conductivity of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal studying by Raman spectroscopy. Mater. Sci. Eng., B 116, 47 (2005).
21Lu, G. and Sun, X.: Raman study of lattice vibration modes and growth mechanism of KDP single crystal. Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 93 (2002).
22Badrouj, M. and Malekfar, R.: The pH effects on the growth rate of KDP (KH2PO4) crystal by investigating Raman active lattice modes. J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 1089 (2007).


Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Spectroscopic study of l-arginine interaction with potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals

  • Jayesh R. Govani, William G. Durrer, Marian Manciu, Cristian Botez and Felicia S. Manciu (a1)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.