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The origin of driving force for the formation of Sn whiskers at room temperature

  • Shi-Bo Li (a1), Guo-Ping Bei (a1), Hong-Xiang Zhai (a1), Zhi-Li Zhang (a1), Yang Zhou (a1) and Cui-Wei Li (a1)...

Abstract

Sn whiskers can form at room temperature on the agglomerated flakes produced by mechanical alloying (MA) of Ti, Sn, and C powders, whether the flakes are stored in air or water. The Sn whiskers forming in air are tens of micrometers to several centimeters in length and 0.5 to ∼10 μm in diameter. Whereas a large amount of Sn polyhedra forms on the flakes that are stored in water, a small amount of Sn whiskers forms on the polyhedra. The driving force for Sn whisker formation is the compressive stress induced by mechanical alloying (MA) and oxidation. The mechanism about the spontaneous growth of metal whiskers is discussed.

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a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: shibo-li@sohu.com

References

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Keywords

The origin of driving force for the formation of Sn whiskers at room temperature

  • Shi-Bo Li (a1), Guo-Ping Bei (a1), Hong-Xiang Zhai (a1), Zhi-Li Zhang (a1), Yang Zhou (a1) and Cui-Wei Li (a1)...

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