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Fabrication, formation mechanism and properties of three-dimensional nanoporous titanium dealloyed in metallic powders

  • Faming Zhang (a1), Ping Li (a2), Jin Yu (a2), Lili Wang (a2), Farhad Saba (a2), Ge Dai (a2) and Siyuan He (a3)...


We present a novel route to fabricate 3D nanoporous α-Ti foams by dealloying of TiCu master alloy in solid state using Mg powders. Pure open-cell nanoporous α-Ti foams are fabricated with BET surface area of 34.4 ± 0.8 m2/g and pore size in the range of 2–50 nm. The dealloying using powders is a solid state chemical reaction process to form Cu2Mg phase and Ti/Mg nanocomposites. The constituent of Cu in the TiCu alloy was dissolved into Mg powders thanks to the kinetics of interface reaction and volume diffusion. The pore-forming mechanism is a solid-state interdiffusion process. The ligament coarsening is from 492 to 650 nm with increasing of the dealloying temperature. The hardness and elastic modulus in nanoporous α-Ti foam follow linear decay fit with ligament size increasing. Our results demonstrate a facile strategy for the fabrication of nanoporous Ti foams with novel nanostructures and tailored properties.


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Fabrication, formation mechanism and properties of three-dimensional nanoporous titanium dealloyed in metallic powders

  • Faming Zhang (a1), Ping Li (a2), Jin Yu (a2), Lili Wang (a2), Farhad Saba (a2), Ge Dai (a2) and Siyuan He (a3)...


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