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Electromechanical anisotropy behavior in Pb0.88Eu0.08Ti1−yMnyO3 system: Role of 90° domain reversal

  • O. Pérez Martínez (a1), J. M. Saniger Blesa (a2), A. Peláiz Barranco (a3) and F. Calderón Piñar (a3)


An indirect observation of 90° domain reversal under the influence of a poling field process was undertaken by an x-ray diffraction study in the Pb0.88Eu0.08Ti1™y MnyO3 (y = 0, 0.01, 0.02, and 0.03) piezoelectric anisotropic system. The optimum condition kp → 0 was achieved for y = 0.02 composition. A large percentage of 90° domain rotation was necessary, but not a sufficient condition for the ultrahigh electromechanical anisotropy manifestation. A large microstrain originated by structural defects in unpoled samples seemed to play a crucial role in the attainment of this piezoelectric anisotropy. A breaking in the translational periodicity due to induced vacancy in Pb and O sites by Eu3+ and Mn2+ substitutions was manifested in the nonuniform variance of the tetragonality (c/a), the large microstrain, and the detriment of crystallinity observed.


Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to this author at Departamento de Ingeniería Metalurgia y de Materiales, Universidad de Antioquia, calle 67, 53-108, Bloque 18 of 240, Ciudad Universitaria-Medellin, Colombia.


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