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Development and exploration of refractory high entropy alloys—A review

  • Oleg N. Senkov (a1), Daniel B. Miracle (a1), Kevin J. Chaput (a1) and Jean-Philippe Couzinie (a2)

Abstract

Open literature publications, in the period from 2010 to the end of January 2018, on refractory high entropy alloys (RHEAs) and refractory complex concentrated alloys (RCCAs) are reviewed. While RHEAs, by original definition, are alloys consisting of five or more principal elements with the concentration of each of these elements between 5 and 35 at.%, RCCAs can contain three or more principal elements and the element concentration can be greater than 35%. The 151 reported RHEAs/RCCAs are analyzed based on their composition, processing methods, microstructures, and phases. Mechanical properties, strengthening and deformation mechanisms, oxidation, and corrosion behavior, as well as tribology, of RHEA/RCCAs are summarized. Unique properties of some of these alloys make them promising candidates for high temperature applications beyond Ni-based superalloys and/or conventional refractory alloys. Methods of development and exploration, future directions of research and development, and potential applications of RHEAs are discussed.

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a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: oleg.senkov.ctr@us.af.mil

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This author was an editor of this journal during the review and decision stage. For the JMR policy on review and publication of manuscripts authored by editors, please refer to http://www.mrs.org/editor-manuscripts/.

This section of Journal of Materials Research is reserved for papers that are reviews of literature in a given area.

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Development and exploration of refractory high entropy alloys—A review

  • Oleg N. Senkov (a1), Daniel B. Miracle (a1), Kevin J. Chaput (a1) and Jean-Philippe Couzinie (a2)

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