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Atomic-scale structural and compositional analyses of Ruddlesden-Popper planar faults in AO-excess SrTiO3 (A = Sr2+, Ca2+, Ba2+) ceramics

  • Sašo Šturm (a1), Makoto Shiojiri (a2) and Miran Čeh (a1)


The microstructure in AO-excess SrTiO3 (A = Sr2+, Ca2+, Ba2+) ceramics is strongly affected by the formation of Ruddlesden-Popper fault–rich (RP fault) lamellae, which are coherently intergrown with the matrix of the perovskite grains. We studied the structure and chemistry of RP faults by applying quantitative high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy analyses. We showed that the Sr2+ and Ca2+ dopant ions form RP faults during the initial stage of sintering. The final microstructure showed preferentially grown RP fault lamellae embedded in the central part of the anisotropic perovskite grains. In contrast, the dopant Ba2+ ions preferably substituted for Sr2+ in the SrTiO3 matrix by forming a BaxSr1−xTiO3 solid solution. The surplus of Sr2+ ions was compensated structurally in the later stages of sintering by the formation of SrO-rich RP faults. The resulting microstructure showed RP fault lamellae located at the surface of equiaxed BaxSr1-xTiO3 perovskite grains.


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Atomic-scale structural and compositional analyses of Ruddlesden-Popper planar faults in AO-excess SrTiO3 (A = Sr2+, Ca2+, Ba2+) ceramics

  • Sašo Šturm (a1), Makoto Shiojiri (a2) and Miran Čeh (a1)


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