Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-rbzxz Total loading time: 0.266 Render date: 2022-05-26T02:41:46.922Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Synthesis and self-assembly of zinc oxide nanoparticles with septahedral morphology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 January 2011

Nelson S. Bell*
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185
David R. Tallant
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185
Rebecca Raymond
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185
Timothy J. Boyle
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185
*
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: nsbell@sandia.gov
Get access

Abstract

The formation of 10-nm ZnO nanopyramids using a simple synthetic route has been isolated from the reaction of Zn(OAc)2·2H2O in 1,4-butanediol followed by ripening at 90 °C. This was accomplished by establishing control over the Ostwald ripening process through the use of a carboxylic acid specific adsorbate. Using a variety of analytical methods, it is proposed that the carboxylate groups in the acetate precursor stabilize the {101} habit planes, creating septahedral shapes or nanopyramids. Particle assembly into crystallographically oriented dimers was observed with high specificity, and the association mechanism is suggested to relate to the crystal polarity and the variation in specific adsorption of the carboxylic acid to the surface facets. These materials are a candidate for biological labeling applications in living cells.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2007

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1Alivisatos, P.A.: The use of nanocrystals in biological detection. Nat. Biotechnol. 22, 47 2004CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
2Jun, Y-W., Lee, J-H., Choi, J-S.Cheon, J.: Symmetry-controlled colloidal nanocrystals: Nonhydrolytic chemical synthesis and shape determining parameters. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 14795 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
3Gao, P., Xie, Y.Li, Z.: Controlling the size of BaF2 nanocubes from 1000 to 10 nm. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 3261 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4Mai, H-X., Sun, L-D., Zhang, Y-W., Si, R., Feng, W., Zhang, H-P., Liu, H-C.Yan, C-H.: Shape-selective synthesis and oxygen storage behavior of ceria nanopolyhedra, nanorods, and nanocubes. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 24380 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
5Yang, S.Gao, L.: Controlled synthesis and self-assembly of CeO2 nanocubes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 9330 2006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
6Gou, L.Murphy, C.J.: Controlling the size of Cu2O nanocubes from 200 to 25 nm. J. Mater. Chem. 14, 735 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7Mirkovic, T., Hines, M.A., Nair, P.S.Scholes, G.D.: Single source precursor route for the synthesis of EuS nanocrystals. Chem. Mater. 17, 3451 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8Lee, C.H., Kim, M., Kim, T., Kim, A., Paek, J., Lee, J.W., Choi, S-Y., Kim, K., Park, J-B.Lee, K.: Ambient pressure syntheses of size-controlled corundum-type In2O3 nanocubes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 9326 2006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9Tang, Q., Zhou, W., Zhang, W., Ou, S., Jiang, K., Yu, W.Qian, Y.: Size-controllable growth of single crystal In(OH)3 and In2O3 nanocubes. Cryst. Growth Des. 5, 147 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
10Gregg, K.A., Perera, S.C., Lawes, G., Shinozaki, S.Brock, S.L.: Controlled synthesis of MnP nanorods: Effect of shape anisotropy on magnetization. Chem. Mater. 18, 879 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11Jun, Y-W., Jung, Y-Y.Cheon, J.: Architectural control of magnetic semiconductor nanocrystals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 615 2002CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
12Zhou, G., Lu, M., Xiu, Z., Wang, S., Zhang, H., Zhou, Y.Wang, S.: Controlled synthesis of high-quality PbS star-shaped dendrites, multipods, truncated nanocubes, and nanocubes and their shape evolution process. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 6543 2006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
13Ahmadi, T.S., Wang, Z.L., Green, T.C., Henglein, A.ElSayed, M.A.: Shape-controlled synthesis of colloidal platinum nanoparticles. Science 272, 1924 1996CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14Ahmadi, T.S., Wang, Z.L., Henglein, A.ElSayed, M.A.: “Cubic” colloidal platinum nanoparticles. Chem. Mater. 8, 1161 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
15Feng, J.Zeng, H.C.: Size-controlled growth of Co3O4 nanocubes. Chem. Mater. 15, 2829 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16Chen, M., Kim, J., Liu, J.P., Fan, H.Y.Sun, S.H.: Synthesis of FePt nanocubes and their oriented self-assembly. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 7132 2006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17Copper, Silver, Gold, and Zinc, Cadmium, Mercury Oxides and Hydroxides, IUPAC Solubility Data Series,,23 edited by T.P. Dirkse (Pergamon Press, New York) 1986 156Google Scholar
18Tang, Z.K., Wong, G.K.L., Yu, P., Kawasaki, M., Ohtomo, A., Koinuma, H.Segawa, Y.: Room-temperature ultraviolet laser emission from self-assembled ZnO microcrystallite thin films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3270 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
19Anpo, M., Chiba, K., Tomonari, M., Coluccia, S., Che, M.Fox, M.A.: Photocatalysis on native and platinum-loaded TiO2 and ZnO catalysts—Origin of different reactivities on wet and dry metal-oxides. J. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 64, 543 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
20Lorenz, C., Emmerling, A., Fricke, J., Schmidt, T., Hilgendorff, M., Spanhel, L.Muller, G.: Aerogels containing strongly photoluminescing zinc oxide nanocrystals. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 1 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
21Weissenrieder, K.S.Muller, J.: Conductivity model for sputtered ZnO–thin film gas sensors. Thin Solid Films 300, 30 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
22Rensmo, H., Keis, K., Lindstrom, H., Dodergren, S., Solbrand, A., Hagfeldt, A., Lindquist, S.E., Wang, L.N.Muhammed, M.: High light-to-energy conversion efficiencies for solar cells based on nanostructured ZnO electrodes. J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 2598 1997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
23Pacholski, C., Kornowski, A.Weller, H.: Self-assembly of ZnO: From nanodots, to nanorods. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 41, 1188 20023.0.CO;2-5>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
24Zitoun, D., Pinna, N., Frolet, N.Belin, C.: Single crystal manganese oxide multipods by oriented attachment. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 15034 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
25Kohls, M., Schmidt, T., Katschorek, H., Spanhel, L., Muller, G., Mais, N., Wolf, A.Forchel, A.: A simple colloidal route to planar micropatterned Er@ZnO amplifiers. Adv. Mater. 11, 288 19993.0.CO;2-B>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
26Andelman, T., Gong, Y., Polking, M., Yin, M., Kuskovsky, I., Nuemark, G.O’Brien, S.: Morphological control and photoluminescence of zinc oxide nanocrystals. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 14314 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
27Choi, S-H., Kim, E-G., Park, J., An, K., Lee, N., Kim, S.C.Hyeon, T.: Large-scale synthesis of hexagonal pyramid-shaped ZnO nanocrystals from thermolysis of Zn–oleate complex. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 14792 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
28Joo, J., Kwon, S.G., Yu, J.H.Hyeon, T.: Synthesis of ZnO nanocrystals with cone, hexagonal cone, and rod shapes via non-hydrolytic ester elimination sol-gel reactions. Adv. Mater. 17, 1873 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
29Chen, Y., Kim, M., Lian, G., Johnson, M.B.Peng, X.: Side reactions in controlling the quality, yield, and stability of high quality colloidal nanocrystals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 13331 2005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
30Koch, U., Fojtik, A., Weller, H.Henglein, A.: Photochemistry and semiconductor colloids. 13. Preparation of extremely small ZnO particles, fluorescence phenomena and size quantization effects. Chem. Phys. Lett. 122, 507 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
31Bahnemann, D.W., Kormann, C.Hoffmann, M.R.: Preparation and characterization of quantum size zinc–oxide—A detailed spectroscopic study. J. Phys. Chem. 91, 3789 1987CrossRefGoogle Scholar
32Hu, Z., Oskam, G.Searson, P.C.: Influence of solvent on the growth of ZnO nanoparticles. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 263, 454 2003CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
33Brus, E.: Electronic wave-functions in semiconductor clusters—Experiment and theory. J. Phys. Chem. 90, 2555 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
34Spanhel, L.Anderson, M.A.: Semiconductor clusters in the sol-gel process—Quantized aggregation, gelation, and crystal-growth in concentrated ZnO colloids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113, 2826 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
35Schmidt, T., Muller, G., Spanhel, L., Kerkel, K.Forchel, A.: Activation of 1.54 mu m Er3+ fluorescence in concentrated II–VI semiconductor cluster environments. Chem. Mater. 10, 65 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
36Tokumoto, M.S., Briois, V., Santilli, C.V.Pulcinelli, S.H.: Preparation of ZnO nanoparticles: Structural study of the molecular precursor. J. Sol.-Gel Sci. Technol. 26, 547 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
37Murray, C.B., Norris, D.J.Bawendi, M.G.: Synthesis and characterization of nearly monodisperse CdE (E = S, Se, Te) semiconductor nanocrystallites. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115, 8706 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
38Sakohara, S., Ishida, M.Anderson, M.A.: Visible luminescence and surface properties of nanosized ZnO colloids prepared by hydrolyzing zinc acetate. J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 10169 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
39Peng, X.G., Wickham, J.Alivisatos, A.P.: Kinetics of II–VI and III–V colloidal semiconductor nanocrystal growth: “Focusing” of size distributions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 5343 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
40Muelenkamp, E.A.: Size dependence of the dissolution of ZnO nanoparticles. J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 7764 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
41Vanheusden, K., Warren, W., Seager, C., Tallant, D., Voigt, J.Gnade, B.: Mechanisms behind green photoluminescence in ZnO phosphor powders. J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7983 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
42Studenikin, S., Golego, N.Cocivera, M.: Fabrication of green and orange photoluminescent, undoped ZnO films using spray pyrolysis. J. Appl. Phys. 84, 2287 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
43Hsu, J.W., Tallant, D.R., Simpson, R.L., Missert, N.A.Copeland, R.G.: Luminescent properties of solution-grown ZnO nanorods. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 252103 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
44Yang, M., Pang, G., Li, J., Jiang, L.Feng, S.: Preparation of ZnO nanowires in a neutral aqueous system: Concentration effect on the orientation attachment process. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2006, 3818 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
45Tang, Z., Zhang, Z., Wang, Y., Glotzer, S.C.Kotov, N.A.: Self-assembly of CdTe nanocrystals into free-floating sheets. Science 314, 274 2006CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Synthesis and self-assembly of zinc oxide nanoparticles with septahedral morphology
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Synthesis and self-assembly of zinc oxide nanoparticles with septahedral morphology
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Synthesis and self-assembly of zinc oxide nanoparticles with septahedral morphology
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *