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Synchronous chemical vapor deposition of large-area hybrid graphene–carbon nanotube architectures

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2013

Maziar Ghazinejad
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521; and Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521
Shirui Guo
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, California 92521
Wei Wang
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of California, Riverside, California 92521
Mihrimah Ozkan
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521
Cengiz S. Ozkan
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521; and Department of Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of California, Riverside, California 92521
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Abstract

We report on the successful synthesis of a graphene–carbon nanotube (CNT) hybrid architecture by a parallel chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of the two carbon allotropes. The carbon hybrid is a three-dimensional (3D) nanostructure with tuneable architecture comprising vertically grown CNTs as pillars and a large-area graphene plane as the floor. The formation of CNTs and graphene occurs simultaneously in a single CVD growth that we describe as a synchronous synthesis method. Unique nature of the fabrication approach contributes significantly to the quality and composure of final nanohybrid. Detailed characterization elucidates the cohesive structure and robust contact between the graphene floor and the CNTs in the hybrid structure. The functionality of the synthesized graphene hybrid structure has been demonstrated by its incorporation into a supercapacitor cell. Our fabrication approach provides an attractive pathway for the fabrication of novel 3D hybrid nanostructures and efficient device integration.

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Copyright © Materials Research Society 2013

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