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In situ chemical synthesis of SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 March 2014


Haijiao Zhang
Affiliation:
Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, People's Republic of China; and State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China
Panpan Xu
Affiliation:
Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, People's Republic of China
Yang Ni
Affiliation:
Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, People's Republic of China
Hongya Geng
Affiliation:
Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, People's Republic of China
Guanghong Zheng
Affiliation:
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, People's Republic of China
Bin Dong
Affiliation:
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, People's Republic of China
Zheng Jiao
Affiliation:
Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, People's Republic of China
Corresponding

Abstract

In the work, an in situ chemical synthesis approach has been developed to fabricate SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites in ethanol solution. X-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron, Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectrum revealed the formation of SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that SnO2 nanoparticles had a crystal size of about 3–4 nm and homogeneously distributed on reduced graphene oxide matrix. The electrochemical performances of the SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as anode materials were measured by the galvanostatic charge/discharge cycling. The results indicated that as-synthesized SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites had a reversible lithium storage capacity of 1051 mAh/g and an enhanced cyclability, which can be attributed to increased electrode conductivity and buffer effect to volume change in the presence of a percolated reduced graphene oxide network embedded into the metal oxide electrodes.


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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2014 

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