Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

An investigation on microstructure and pitting corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel weld joint

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 September 2017

Ping Zhu
Affiliation:
Remanufacturing and Electric Power Safety Center, Suzhou Nuclear Power Research Institute Co. Ltd., Suzhou 215004, China
Xinyuan Cao
Affiliation:
National Center for Materials Service Safety, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Wei Wang
Affiliation:
National Center for Materials Service Safety, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Jiancang Zhao
Affiliation:
Remanufacturing and Electric Power Safety Center, Suzhou Nuclear Power Research Institute Co. Ltd., Suzhou 215004, China
Yonghao Lu
Affiliation:
National Center for Materials Service Safety, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Tetsuo Shoji
Affiliation:
National Center for Materials Service Safety, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; and Fracture and Reliability Research Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Get access

Abstract

Microstructure and pitting corrosion behavior of base metal (BM), heat-affected zone (HAZ), and weld zone (WZ) in the 316L stainless steel weld joint was investigated. The results indicated that WZ, including ferrite and austenite phases, was mainly composed of columnar dendrites, while BM and HAZ exhibited a full-austenite structure with low Σ coincidence site lattice boundaries especially twin boundary primarily. No obvious pitting occurred in WZ, while the millimeter-scale pits were observed in HAZ and BM after immersion test in 6% FeCl3 solution. HAZ had a lower pitting potential than WZ and BM, while not much difference in pitting potential was observed between WZ and BM. Dendrite-selected corrosion occurred in WZ, while grain boundary was the preferable site for pitting corrosion in HAZ and BM. Gain refinement and a decrease in twin boundary volume fraction promoted the pitting corrosion susceptible of HAZ.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

Contributing Editor: Jürgen Eckert

References

Lu, B.T., Chen, Z.K., Luo, J.L., Patchett, B.M., and Xu, Z.H.: Pitting and stress corrosion cracking behavior in welded austenitic stainless steel. Electrochim. Acta 50, 1391 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kwok, C.T., Fong, S.L., Cheng, F.T., and Man, H.C.: Pitting and galvanic corrosion behavior of laser-welded stainless steels. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 176, 168 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, S.J., Hong, S.G., and Oh, M.: Effect of metallurgical factors on the pitting corrosion behavior of super austenitic stainless steel weld in an acidic chloride environment. J. Mater. Res. 32, 1343 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cardoso, J.L. and Vieira, R.C.A.: Pitting corrosion resistance of austenitic and superaustenitic stainless steels in aqueous medium of NaCl and H2SO4 . J. Mater. Res. 31, 1755 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mary, N., Vignal, V., Oltra, R., and Coudreuse, L.: Advances in local mechanoelectrochemistry for detecting pitting corrosion in duplex steels. J. Mater. Res. 19, 3688 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Unnikrisnan, R., Idury, K.S.N.S., Ismail, T.P., Bhadauria, A., Shekhawat, S.k., Khatirkar, R.K., Sapate, S.G.: Effect of heat input on the microstructure, residual stresses and corrosion resistance of 304L austenitic stainless steel weldments. Mater. Charact. 93, 10 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cui, Y., Lundin, C.D., and Hariharan, V.: Mechanical behavior of austenitic stainless steel weld metals with microfissures. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 171, 150 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mudali, U.K. and Dayal, R.K.: Pitting corrosion resistance of as welded and thermally aged nitrogen containing type 316 stainless steel weld metal. Mater. Sci. Technol. 16, 393 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cui, Y. and Lundin, C.D.: Austenite-preferential corrosion attack in 316 austenitic stainless steel weld metals. Mater. Des. 28, 324 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nishimoto, K. and Ogawa, K.: Corrosion properties in weldments of stainless steels (1). Metallurgical factors affecting corrosion properties. Weld. Int. 13, 845 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dadfar, M., Fathi, M.H., Karimzadeh, F., Dadfar, M.R., and Saatchi, A.: Effect of TIG welding on corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel. Mater. Lett. 61, 2343 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garcia, C., Martin, F., Tiedra, P.D., Blanco, Y., and Lopez, M.: Pitting corrosion of welded joints of austenitic stainless steels studied by using an electrochemical minicell. Corros. Sci. 50, 1184 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Durgutlu, A.: Experimental investigation of the effect of hydrogen in argon as a shielding gas on TIG welding of austenitic stainless steel. Mater. Des. 25, 19 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lothongkum, G., Viyanit, E., and Bhandhubanyong, P.: Study on the effects of pulsed TIG welding parameters on delta-ferrite content, shape factor and bead quality in orbital welding of AISI 316L stainless steel plate. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 110, 233 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sakthivel, T., Vasudevan, M., Laha, K., Parameswaran, P., Chandravathi, K.S., Mathew, M.D., and Bhaduri, A.K.: Creep rupture strength of activated-TIG welded 316L(N) stainless steel. J. Nucl. Mater. 413, 36 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pascual, M., Salas, F., Carcel, F.J., and Perales, M.: TIG AISI-316 welds using an inert gas welding chamber and different filler metals: Changes in mechanical properties and microstructure. Rev. Metal. 46, 493 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ha, H.Y., Jang, M.H., Lee, T.H., and Moon, J.: Understanding the relation between phase fraction and pitting corrosion resistance of UNS S32750 stainless steel. Mater. Charact. 106, 338 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nascimento, A.M.D., Ierardi, M.C.F., Kina, A.Y., and Tavares, S.S.M.: Pitting corrosion resistance of cast duplex stainless steels in 3.5% NaCl solution. Mater. Charact. 59, 1736 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xu, C., Zhang, Y., Cheng, G., and Zhu, W.: Pitting corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel in the media of sulphate-reducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Mater. Charact. 59, 245 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, K., Li, D., Liu, D., Pei, G., and Sun, L.: Microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of multiple-layer laser cladding coating of 308L stainless steel. Appl. Surf. Sci. 340, 143 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ming, H., Zhang, Z., Wang, J., Han, E.H., and Ke, W.: Microstructural characterization of an SA508–309L/308L–316L domestic dissimilar metal welded safe-end joint. Mater. Charact. 97, 101 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ha, H.Y., Jang, M.H., and Lee, T.H.: Influences of Mn in solid solution on the pitting corrosion behaviour of Fe–23 wt% Cr-based alloys. Electrochim. Acta 191, 864 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sabooni, S., Karimzadeh, F., Enayati, M.H., Ngan, A.H.W., and Jabbari, H.: Gas tungsten arc welding and friction stir welding of ultrafine grained AISI 304L stainless steel: Microstructural and mechanical behavior characterization. Mater. Charact. 109, 138 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silva, C.C., Miranda, H.C.D., Sant’Ana, H.B.D., and Farias, J.P.: Microstructure, hardness and petroleum corrosion evaluation of 316L/AWS E309MoL-16 weld metal. Mater. Charact. 60, 346 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abe, H. and Watanabe, Y.: Low-temperature aging characteristics of type 316L stainless steel weld: Dependence on solidification mode. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 39, 1392 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Takalo, T., Suutala, N., and Moisio, T.: Austenitic solidification mode in austenitic stainless steel welds. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 10, 1173 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhu, Z.Y., Deng, C.Y., Wang, Y., Yang, Z.W., Ding, J.K., and Wang, D.P.: Effect of post weld heat treatment on the microstructure and corrosion behavior of AA2219 aluminum alloy joints welded by variable polarity tungsten inert gas welding. Mater. Des. 65, 1075 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baudin, T., Etter, A.L., and Penelle, R.: Annealing twin formation and recrystallization study of cold-drawn copper wires from EBSD measurements. Mater. Charact. 58, 947 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jin, Y., Lin, B., Bernacki, M., Rohrer, G.S., Rollett, A.D., and Bozzolo, N.: Annealing twin development during recrystallization and grain growth in pure nickel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 597, 295 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tsai, W.T. and Chen, J.R.: Galvanic corrosion between the constituent phases in duplex stainless steel. Corros. Sci. 49, 3659 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhou, Y., Aust, K.T., Erb, U., and Palumbo, G.: Effects of grain boundary structure on carbide precipitation in 304L stainless steel. Scr. Mater. 45, 49 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 87
Total number of PDF views: 194 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 11th September 2017 - 28th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-6585876b8c-dbbm9 Total loading time: 0.232 Render date: 2021-01-28T09:24:41.680Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

An investigation on microstructure and pitting corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel weld joint
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

An investigation on microstructure and pitting corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel weld joint
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

An investigation on microstructure and pitting corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel weld joint
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *