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Amorphous SiO2/C composite as anode material for lithium-ion batteries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 August 2017

Linmin Cao
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Jilin Huang
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Zhipeng Lin
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Xiang Yu
Affiliation:
Instrumental Analysis & Research Center, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Xiaoxian Wu
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Bodong Zhang
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Yunfeng Zhan
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
Fangyan Xie*
Affiliation:
Instrumental Analysis & Research Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
Weihong Zhang
Affiliation:
Instrumental Analysis & Research Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
Jian Chen
Affiliation:
Instrumental Analysis & Research Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China
Hui Meng*
Affiliation:
Siyuan Laboratory, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Vacuum Coating Technologies and New Energy Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber Sensing and Communications, Department of Physics, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, China
*
a)Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: xiefy@mail.sysu.edu.cn
b)e-mail: tmh@jnu.edu.cn
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Abstract

This work designed a facile preparation for an SiO2/C composite as the anode material for lithium ion battery. Both SiO2 and carbon are amorphous. SiO2 and carbon are mixed uniformly. The SiO2/C composite shows high specific capacity, cycle stability, and rate capability in lithium ion battery charge–discharge test. A stable reversible capacity of 1024 mA h/g at the current density of 100 mA/g is reached. The capacity retains 83% after 100 cycles. The uniform mixture of SiO2 and carbon leads to reduced volume change during the lithiation and delithiation of SiO2, together with the amorphous nature of SiO2 explains the high cycling stability. The carbon coating is a key factor for the high capacity and stability due to the increased electrical conductivity and reduced volume change. The resistance of the solid electrolyte interface film and charge transfer resistance of the SiO2/C composite are much smaller than those of pure carbon, which is a direct proof of the improved conductivity of the material by the carbon coating.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

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Footnotes

c)

These authors contributed equally to this work.

Contributing Editor: Tianyu Liu

References

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