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Accelerated microwave-assisted synthesis and in situ X-ray scattering of tungsten-substituted vanadium dioxide (V1−xWxO2)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 September 2020

Catrina E. Wilson
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA
Amanda E. Gibson
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA
Joshua J. Argo
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA
Patricia A. Loughney
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA
Wenqian Xu
Affiliation:
X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois60439, USA
Graham King
Affiliation:
Brockhouse Beamlines, Canadian Light Source, Saskatoon, SaskatchewanS7N 2V3, Canada
Vicky Doan-Nguyen*
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA Center for Electron Microscopy and Analysis, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43212, USA Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio43210, USA
*
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: doan-nguyen.1@osu.edu
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Abstract

Vanadium dioxide (VO2) has been widely studied due to its metal-insulator phase transition at 68 °C, below which it is a semiconducting monoclinic phase, P21/c, and above it is a metallic tetragonal phase, P42/mnm. Substituting vanadium with transition metals allows transition temperature tunability. An accelerated microwave-assisted synthesis for VO2 and 5d tungsten-substituted VO2 presented herein decreased synthesis time by three orders of magnitude while maintaining phase purity, particle size, and transition character. Tungsten substitution amount was determined using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy. Differential scanning calorimetry, superconducting quantum interference device measurements, and in situ heating and cooling experiments monitored through synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the transition temperature decreased with increased tungsten substitution. Scanning electron microscopy analyzed through the line-intercept method produced an average particle size of 3–5 μm. Average structure and local structure phase purity was determined through the Rietveld analysis of synchrotron XRD and the least-squares refinement of pair distribution function data.

Type
Invited Feature Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2020

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Footnotes

b)

These authors contributed equally to this work.

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Accelerated microwave-assisted synthesis and in situ X-ray scattering of tungsten-substituted vanadium dioxide (V1−xWxO2)
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Accelerated microwave-assisted synthesis and in situ X-ray scattering of tungsten-substituted vanadium dioxide (V1−xWxO2)
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Accelerated microwave-assisted synthesis and in situ X-ray scattering of tungsten-substituted vanadium dioxide (V1−xWxO2)
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