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Simulation in ENT medical education

  • K-E A Abou-Elhamd (a1), A I Al-Sultan (a2) and U M Rashad (a1)



Computer-based medical simulation has recently been adopted as a new method of medical education. This paper reviews the uses of medical simulation within the ENT specialty, and reports how such simulation is used in Al-Ahsa College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia.


We review our use of a simulation laboratory in ENT training. Students are taught ENT anatomy using physical models, ear diseases using physical models, and ENT examination by watching video recordings, and are taught the principles of common ENT surgery using a computerised mannequin (for laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy). A haptic temporal bone surgery simulator is used for mastoidectomy and functional endoscopic sinus surgery training, and a mannequin for cricothyrotomy and tracheotomy training.


The use of such simulation methods has greatly improved our students' perception and comprehension.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Dr Kamal-Eldin A Abou-Elhamd, ENT Professor, ENT Sector, Department of Surgery, Al-Ahsa College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, PO Box 400, Saudi Arabia. Fax: 00966 35801243 E-mail:


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Simulation in ENT medical education

  • K-E A Abou-Elhamd (a1), A I Al-Sultan (a2) and U M Rashad (a1)


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