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The professional voice

  • M S Benninger (a1)


The human voice is not only the key to human communication but also serves as the primary musical instrument. Many professions rely on the voice, but the most noticeable and visible are singers. Care of the performing voice requires a thorough understanding of the interaction between the anatomy and physiology of voice production, along with an awareness of the interrelationships between vocalisation, acoustic science and non-vocal components of performance. This review gives an overview of the care and prevention of professional voice disorders by describing the unique and integrated anatomy and physiology of singing, the roles of development and training, and the importance of the voice care team.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Prof M S Benninger, Head and Neck Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Av, A-71, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA E-mail:


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The professional voice

  • M S Benninger (a1)


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