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Focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle

  • A. J. Cain (a1), B. A. Michie (a2), B. C. Davis (a1) and B. Ram (a1)


Focal myositis is an unusual inflammatory lesion of skeletal muscle. It usually affects the extremities, but can present rarely in the head and neck region. We present a case of an elderly woman with focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and review of the previous literature on this subject.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Mr Angus Cain, Department of Otolaryngology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, Scotland.


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Azuma, T., Komori, A., Nagayama, M. (1987) Focal myositis of the tongue. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 45: 953955.
Heffner, R. R. Jr., Armbrustmacher, V. W., Earle, K. M. (1977) Focal myositis. Cancer 40: 301306.
Heffner, R. R. Jr., Barron, S. A. (1980) Denervating changes in focal myositis, a benign inflammatory pseudotumour. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 104: 261264.
Heffner, R. R. Jr., Barron, S. A. (1981) Polymyositis beginning as a focal process. Archives of Neurology 38: 439442.
Ho, K. L., Konno, E. T., Chason, J. L. (1979) Focal myositis of the neck. Human Pathology 10: 353356.
Isaacson, G., Chan, K. H., Heffner, R. R. Jr (1991) Focal myositis. A new cause for paediatric neck mass. Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 117: 103105.
Josephson, G. D., de Blasi, H., McCormick, S., Sabini, P., Goldberg, J., Pincus, R. (1996) Focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle: a case report and review of the literature. American Journal of Otolaryngology 17: 215217.
Naumann, M., Toyka, K. V., Goebal, H. H., Hofmann, E., Reichmann, H. (1993) Focal myositis of the temporal muscle. Muscle and Nerve 16: 13741376.
Shapiro, M. J., Applebaum, H., Besser, A. S. (1986) Cervical focal myositis in a child. Journal of Paediatric Surgery 21: 375376.
Toti, P., Romano, L., Villanova, M., Zazzi, M., Luzi, P. (1997) Focal myositis: a polymerase chain reaction analysis for a viral aetiology. Human Pathology 28: 111113.


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Focal myositis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle

  • A. J. Cain (a1), B. A. Michie (a2), B. C. Davis (a1) and B. Ram (a1)


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