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The experiments behind the Tullio phenomenon

  • J Addams-Williams (a1), K Wu (a1) and J Ray (a1)

Abstract

Background:

Professor Pietro Tullio was a director at the Laboratory of Experimental Physiology in Bologna during the early twentieth century. His experimental studies resulted in the description of the Tullio phenomenon, which is characterised by sound-induced vertigo and/or eye movements.

Objective:

The experimental studies behind his contribution to vestibular physiology are described within this paper, as are some of the further developments that have been made.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Ms J Addams-Williams, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Glossop Rd, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK Fax: 0114 271 2280 E-mail: addamswilliamsjh@doctors.org.uk

Footnotes

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Presented orally at the British Society for the History of ENT meeting, 1 December 2011, London, UK.

Footnotes

References

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1Huizinga, E. The physiological and clinical importance of experimental work on the pigeon's labyrinth. J Laryngol Otol 1955;69:260–8
2Tullio, P. Some Experiments and Considerations on Experimental Otology and Phonetics. Bologna: L Capelli, 1929
3Mayer, O, Fraser, J. Pathological changes in the ear in late congenital syphilis. J Laryngol Otol 1936;51:683714
4Cawthorne, T. Contributions of surgery to problems of neuro-otology. Br Med Bull 1956;12:143–5
5Parker, DE, Tubbs, RL, Ritz, LA, Wood, DL. Effects of sound on the vestibular system, 1975 Tech Rpt 75–89, Aerospace medical research laboratory, Wright-Patterson Airforce Base, Ohio, 1976
6Erlich, M, Lawson, W. The incidence and significance of the Tullio phenomenon in man. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1980;88:630–5
7Kwee, H. The occurrence of the Tullio phenomenon in congenitally deaf children. J Laryngol Otol 1976;90:501–7
8Ostrowski, V, Byskosh, A, Hain, T. Tullio phenomenon with dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal. Otol Neurotol 2001;22:61–5
9Nields, J, Kueton, J. Tullio phenomenon and seronegative Lyme borreliosis. Lancet 1991;338:128–9
10Fox, E, Balkany, T, Arenberg, I. The Tullio phenomenon and perilymph fistula. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1988;98:88–9
11Hornigold, R, Pearch, B, Gleeson, M. An osteoma of the middle ear presenting with the Tullio phenomenon. Skull Base 2003;13:113–17

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